Name: John Adkins
Birth: BEF 1670 in probably Cork County, Ireland
Will: 11 APR 1720 Henrico County, Virginia
Religion: Society of Friends (Quaker)
Death: BEF 07 AUG 1721 in Henrico County, Virginia
John and his wife Elizabeth were Quakers. John appears in a 11 August 1700 reference to the collection of money to build a Quaker meeting house, and on a committee dated 8 June 1701 in Henrico County.
*****When and where was he born?*****
There are no Adkins, Atkinson or other variants listed on a 1679 titheables list for Henrico County. The 1704 and 1705 Rent Rolls for Henrico show only one John Adkins with land. Was he the John Adkins with 125 acres in Henrico in 1704 & 1705, or was that the John who m. Ann Childress in 1700, and d. 1713 Henrico?
Many secondary sources on the Internet incorrectly identify this John as the one born 7 April 1639 in Sandy, Bedford, England, who married Elizabeth Bromwell. Based on the Y-DNA evidence, however, John was most likely instead from County Cork, Ireland (see the notes for his unknown father for more details).
John & Elizabeth's date of arrival in Virginia is unknown, but the Quaker migration to the American colonies began in earnest in 1675, so presumably they came sometime after that date. Several John Adkins and Atkinsons arrived in Virginia in the mid-to-late 1600s, and it is difficult to sort them out.
******Who were his parents, siblings. other relatives?*******
There were other Adkins men in early Henrico County, such as a William, b. abt 1676, and a Thomas, b, say, bef 1667, and also a Joshua. It is unclear whether they were all related. Quakers typically named their firstborns after a grandparent, and they tended to commemorate the maternal and paternal side equally when naming their offspring.
He may have been related to the George Atkin mentioned in this Henrico record: "Apr. 20 1658 Court held Merchants Hope --Order that Joseph Dunne, Sec. for Richard Parker give caution (security)
to Geo. Atkin for payment of 1700 lbs. of Tob."
*John's father may have been an (O') DRISCOLL of County Cork, Ireland - see the notes for his unknown father for more details.
*****As father of the William who m. Elizabeth Parker******
Many researchers had already concluded from circumstantial evidence that William was probably John's son, but recently some confirmation has been found through Y DNA testing. Several of William's male descendants have matched very closely with a male descendant of Henry Adkins, known to be the son of the present John from a 1739 deed in Goochland County, Virginia.
1) Henrico Co, VA Will & Deed Book 1677-1692, p. 71. 1678. Feb. 1. Deposition of Francis Cleaveley age 38, Henry Randolph age 13, John ATKINS age 17. (*this may be the John who m. Ann Childress 1700 Henrico)
2) Julia M. Case, "Henrico County Record Book No. 2, 1678-1693 [Orders & Wills]," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, (Fall 1996) 34:339. 1687. Junis William ATKINS Serv:t to Sam:ll Trottman being brought before this Wor:ll Court is adjudged eleven years of Age. (*this appears to be a different William, not the son of the present John)
3) Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol II, King & Queen County, Records Concerning 18th Century Persons, 3rd Collection: "John Walker's Patent 1687...New Kent County, on the North side Mattopony River...land of John Adkins..."
4) Henrico Co, VA Will & Deed Book 1688-1697, p. 1: 1688. dated 2 Apr, recd. 12 Oct William Puckett of Bristol Parish, Henrico Co, for £20, to Mr. Richard Kennon 50A. Wit: Pet. Field, Wm. Epes, Tho. ATKINSON.
5) Julia M. Case, "Henrico County Record Book No. 2, 1678-1693 [Orders & Wills]," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, (Fall 1995) 33:295. 1692. Oct 12 Antho: More having to this Court arrested Joshua ATKINSON, & neither appearing to prosecute nor answer the same is dismiss'd wth Costs. In the accon comenced by Anne Coats agt Joshua ATKINSON neither party [ap]pearing the Same is dismissed wth Costs.
6) Julia M. Case, "Henrico County Record Book No. 2, 1678-1693 [Orders & Wills]," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, (Winter 1996) 34:15. 1692/3. Feb 1 Edward Hatcher plt complains [torn] John ADKINS defd:t in a plea of Trespass for the [torn] A hunting and shooting upon the sd plt:s La[torn] and praying for Damage according to the 71st Act of assembly in the printed book. To which the defend:t pleads Not Guilty where fore the same is referred to a Jury. Juryes ... Verdict: Wee the Jurors find for the plt: according to law. Upon returne of which verd:t the same is by the Court confirmed als: exec. William Hatcher being sup:a pr Edward Hatcher in his accon ag:st John ADKINS and haveing attended one day hath Order granted against the said Edward Hatcher for forty pds of Tobacco according to law with Costs als: exec.
7) Henrico Co, VA Will & Deed Book 1697-1704, p. 130. 1697. dated 3 May probated 1 Dec 1698, Will of Thomas Howell, to Robert Jones, to Thomas ATTKINS, to Will Trent at age 17, to Will ATTKINS at age 17, to John Allday. Wit: Christopher Branch, John Fail.
8) Joseph Staunton, Moore, Annals of Henrico Parish, by L. W. Burton. History of St. John's P. E. Church ... A complete roster of the vestries, from 1741 to 1904 ... Records of the Parish of Henrico in their entirety ... with notes by R. A. Brock. (Williams Printing Co., 1904), p. 227. 1700 marriages: John ATKINS to Ann Childress, July 18, 1700.
9) William Wade Hinshaw, Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, VI:154. 1701. 6m, 8. John ATKINSON name first appeared on a committee. Henrico MM, VA; 1703/4. 1m, 18. Elisa ATKINSON signed the MM book as a token that she is in unity with this MM. Henrico MM, VA.; 1704. 9m, 18. John ATKINSON paid by this MM for acting as a guide for Joseph Glaister, a visiting Friend. Henrico MM, VA.; 1710. 4m, 17. John ATKINSON appointed clerk of MM in place of Joseph Pleasants. Henrico MM, VA.; 1710. 6m, 3. Elisa ATKINSON Senior & Junior both signed a cert of a m held in New Kent MH. Henrico MM, VA.; 1710. 6m, 23. Thomas ATKINSON signed cert of a m held in New Kent MH. Henrico MM, VA.; 1711. 4m, 8. John ATKINSON resigned as clerk of MM having quarreled with Samuel Jordan; MM books turned over to Robert Hughes & G. R. Elyson; reconciled to mts in 1711/2, 1m, 7. ATKINSON mentioned that Hughes & Elyson were his friends & were responsible for his appointment as Clerk; he seemed to be a mbr of the New Kent PM. Henrico MM, VA.; 1713/4. 12m, 12. Thomas ATKINSON ltm Sarah Hughes, Jr. Henrico MM, VA.
10) Annie Laurie Wright Smith, The Quit Rents of Virginia, 1704 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980), p. 1.Virginia Quit Rent Rolls (1704): Adkins Jno...Henrico County, 125 acres; also in Henrico: Akins, James Senr, 200 ac.; Akins, James Jr, 218 ac. John Adkins is listed again with 125 acres in 1705.
11) Henrico Co, VA: 1714 Feb 6 Estate Inventory of John Atkins. By Robert Sharp, William Hobson, Sr., Abraham Childers, and Thomas Childers (Will dated 1713) (*this is prob. John who m. Ann Childress 1700 Henrico)
12) Henrico Co, VA: 1717 May 13 Last Will & Testament of Abraham Micheaux. Witness: John Atkinson.
13) Henrico Co, VA Court Order Book 1719-1724, p. 18. 1720. April Court. Tarlton Woodson to John ATKINSON, deed of land.
14) Henrico Co, VA Minute Book 1719-1724, p. 117.: 1721 Aug 7 Court: Elizabeth Atkinson presents will of John Atkinson, deceased. (She being a Quaker) Proved by Thomas Carter and Susanna Worsham. Security: Thomas Carter and Paul Green.
15) Henrico Co, VA Will & Deed Book 1725-1737, p. 84. 1726/7. dated 9 Jan, recd 6 Feb 1726/7 Will of Thomas ATKINSON, land to be equally divided among all my children, personal estate to wife Sarah, who is executrix. Wit: John QUIN, John ATKINSON, Stephen HUGHES, Margrat WILES (Quaker)
16) Goochland Co, VA Deeds & Wills, 3:- 1736. Deed 17 Apr Tarlton WOODSON of Henrico, to Col. John FLEMING of Goochland, 1292 acres, part of a patent to said WOODSON for 3090 acres called by the name of Licking Hole Survey, dated 11 Jul 1719, it being all the land in the patent, except for 1798 acres disposed of by John WOODSON, dec'd and since his death conveyed by said Tarlton to several persons, that is John ATKINSON, dec'd, 200 acres ...
17) Goochland Co, VA Deeds & Wills, 3:218. 1738/9. Mar. 20 William Arinton and Susanna his wife of Goochland Co., to Stephen Hughes of same, for £60, land on north side of James River, bounded by the river, corner of Robert Payne's land he had of the heirs of John ATKINSON, dec'd, 100 acres. Wit: Rob. Payn, John
Bates, John Webb. Signed William (W) Arinton, Susanna (S) Arinton. Recd. 19 Jun 1739.
18) Henrico Co, VA: 1725 Oct 5 Court: Elizabeth Atkinson, relict of John Atkinson, deceased, failing to appear and comply with Sep Court Order relating to orphans, is summoned to appear at next county court.
19) Goochland Co., VA Will Book #4, 1741-1745 (Reel #2), p. 152: 1743 Mar 15: Last Will & Testament: Robert Atkinson, St. James Parish; Wife: Elizabeth; Daughter: Anne; Friend: Charles Railey; Witnesses: John Payne, John Ashlin and William Williamson
20) Goochland Co, VA Deed Book #4, 1741-45, p. 509-510 (Reel #2): 1744 Mar 19 Estate Inventory: Robert Atkinson
21) Goochland Co, VA Deeds & Wills, 3:275. 1739. Dec. 18 Henry ATKINSON of St. James Parish, Goochland Co., to Augustine Payne of same. John ATKINSON late of Henrico Co., dec'd, was in his lifetime seized of 65 acres in said parish, and by his will 11 April 1720 devised said land to said Henry ATKINSON his son. Said Henry sell land for £50. Wit: Ste'n Hughes, Tarlton Woodson, Jr., Josias Payne. Signed Henry ATKINSON. Recd. 15 April 1740.
22) Nell Marion Nugent, "Cavaliers and Pioneers Abstracts of VA Land Patents & Grants", 1977: Patent Bk. 6 BMr. John Porter SR of Lower Norfolk Co., acreage granted in 1663 for the transport of 60 persons, among those being a Jno. Molleene, Mary Atkins and Edward Stanley...
23) F. Edward Wright, "Quaker Records of Henrico Monthly Meeting and other Church Records of Henrico, New Kent and Charles City Cos VA" P. Colonial Roots, Lewes DE 2003: p. 2 11 August 1700 Money gathered for building meeting house from: John Woodson, Charles Fleming, John Pleasants, Jane Pleasants, Joseph Pleasants, Henry Watkins, GRE Cuper, Edward Mosby, John Crew, Robert Hughes, JOHN ATKINSON, Jas. Howard. // p.4 18 July 17xx
Money given for the poor by: John Woodson, John Pleasants, William Porter, Jr. Edward Mosby, Joseph Pleasants, Charles Fleming, GR Ellyson, Alexander Mackeny, Robert Hughes, ??? ATKINSON. [Also a collection taken for finishing meeting house from: Jane Pleasants, James Howard, Joseph Woodson, John Pleasants, Henry Watkins, Jr. Joseph Pleasants, Robert Woodson, Jr.]; 18 January 1704 Women's meeting reported that they are in unity with the monthly meeting --Jane Pleasants, Mary Howard, Sarah Elyson, Susanah Fleming, Judith Woodson, Martha Pleasants, Sarah Mosby, Elisabeth Jordan, Dorothy Pleasants, Elisabeth Hinson?, Mary Porter, Janine/Jane ann? Gatrite, Jane Woodson, Rachel Hughes.
p. 5/6 17 April 1710 Discussion of whether marriage of first cousins were agreeable according to scriptures...eight were against it and nine were for it, including JOHN ATKINSON.
24) David Hackett Fischer, "Albion's Seed Four British Folkways in America", Oxford University Press, 1989
25) Research of Gary Mullins [correspondence July 2011]
Father: ? b: BEF 1650 in Cork County, Ireland
- Thomas Adkins b: BEF 1690 in Virginia?
- Henry Adkins b: BEF 1692 in Virginia?
- William Adkins b: BEF 1695 in Virginia?
- John Adkins b: BEF 1700 in Virginia?