Name: Robert Taylor
Birth: 07 DEC 1633 in Little Leigh, Cheshire, England
Christening: 15 DEC 1633 Great Budworth Church, Cheshire
Probate: 16 MAY 1695
Will: 24 APR 1695 Springfield, Chester County, Pennsylvania
Death: BEF 16 MAY 1695 in Springfield, Chester County, Pennsylvania
An early Quaker settler of Pennsylvania.
In his early life, he became a member of the Society of Friends (Quaker) and suffered religious persecution. Besse in his "Suffering of the Quakers", Vol. 1, page 103, says "In the month called January 1662, 29 of this people were indicted at Quarter Sessions in Chester for being at an unlawful assembly and were imprison -- Robert Taylor of Chatterwick, yeoman, together with several other persons, being above the number of five and above the age of 16 years were indicated for unlawful assembly together at the home of John Dove in Coddington for the purpose of joining together in religious worship of God contrary to an Act of this present parliament." On December 22, 1665, Robert Taylor, John Minshall, Samuel Naylor, Thomas Livesay, and "their pretended wives" were ordered to appear before the Consistory at Chester for being "unlawfully maryed". The fines were small but the Quakers refused to pay any fines for their religious convictions. Such persecution caused the immigration of the Quakers to Pennsylvania in large numbers.
"Visitation 22, Dec. 1665, in the Consistory Court at Chester. Great Budworth Against Samuel Nayler, Ralph Fisher, Robert Taylor, William Gandy, gen., John Eaton, senior, John Eaton, junior, Thomas Eaton, John Shawe, Peter Pickering, Hugh Crosby, John Williamson, Thomas Burroughts, Thomas Betton, John Alexander, & John Darling, for Quakers. On which day, the said Gandy appeared by Alexander Boniman, & he is to attend Church, & to Certify at Chester on the 27th March next. 2s. 6d. Against John Eaton & his pretended wife, Robert Taylor & his pretended wife, John Minshall & his pretended wife, Samuel Naylor & his pretended wife, Thomas Bretton & his pretended wife, Quakers, for being unlawfully marryed. Against Thomas Eaton, a Quaker, who hath been presented for teaching school."
While retaining real estate at Clatterwich in Little Leigh until his death, according to his will, he acquired from William Penn on 3 Mar 1681/2 a grant of one thousand acres to be located and surveyed to him after his arrival in Pennsylvania. It was alloted in 2 surveys, one of 550 acres and under date October 30, 1683 in the neighborhood of the village of Broomall, Delaware County and the other of 400 acres November 11, 1682, south of Springfield Water basin between Crum Creek and Barby Creek. The county abounded in fowl, forests and fish and was a paradise for the settlers. As a first purchaser Robert Taylor became entitled to lots in the limits of the City of Philadelphia, or "Liberty Lands" as they were called. One was on Sassagra (now Race) Street and another was on High (now Market) street. Confirmation of his Chester County lands is found in Philadelphia deeds.
Robert Taylor's wife and children arrived July 29, 1683 on the ship "Endeavor." The ship's list shows: Mary Taylor, late of Clatterwich, Cheshire, Isaac Taylor, Thomas Taylor, Jonathan, Taylor, Phebe Taylor, Mary Taylor, Martha Taylor. Rachel and Josiah doubtless accompanied their father the previous year and the youngest child, Jacob was born in Pennsylvania (all of the children are recorded in Friends' Register of Cheshire, England, except Jacob). On the same ship was a Daniel Williamson, servant to Robert Taylor and brother of Mary Williamson Howell.
In his will, he leaves "to living wife half my real estate in England which was settled upon her at time of marriage for her natural life", a good bed, and "lawful maintenance at this place I now live on" and to have a horse and bovine beast. (In 1701 Mary Taylor married Joseph Selby. She died 4-11-1728, intestate.) To son Jonathan 200 acres of land in Marple and 20 pounds silver money. To daughter Martha and to son Jacob east 40 pounds silver money when they become 21 years of age. The overplus of the personal estate was to be divided among Thomas, Jacob, Jonathan and Martha. Real estate in England was to be divided at discretion of executors among the nine children. Deed after death of Robert Taylor - "Indenture Mar 10, 1700 Mary Taylor, widow of Robert Taylor late of Springfield, Chester County, Pa., yeoman, deceased, and Jonathan Hayes of Marple, executors of will, to Isaac Taylor of same county, yeoman, son of heir of said Robert; Thomas Taylor, another son of Robert, John Fincher of same county, cordwainer, and Martha his wife, the daughter of said Robert and Mary Taylor; to Jonathan Taylor of said county, yeoman, another son of Robert and Mary. Witnesseth: that by Deeds of Lease and Release May 2 and 3, 1681, William Penn granted unto s'd Robert Taylor in the year 1683 obtained a warrant from the Proprietor to survey to s'd Robert Taylor 600 acres of the 100 acres southard of Darby Creek which tract by direction of the surveyor general, Thomas Habin, was surveyed by Chas. Ashcomb and 550 acres of land lying between Crum Creek and Darby Creek was returned as surveyed Nov 7, 1688 and said Robert Taylor being lawfully seized thereof, made his will April 20, 1695 and died inter alia devise unto his son Thomas Taylor 100 acres, to Jonthan Taylor 200 acres of the said 550 acres named in his will as "my land in Marple" and made the said Mary and Jonathan Hayes his executors, and whereas there is another peice of land of 73 acres which is also part of the s'd 550 acres on Darby Creek south 54 degrees west of the line of Jonathan Hayes containing 373 acres (See Philadelphia Deecs H 15 p 150).
They may have had another daughter, Alice, born before they became Quakers. Alice married Robert Worthington, & died bef Aug 1729, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1) Journal of the Friends Historical Society Vol III, pg. 72-73 Friends in Current Literature
2) Journal of the Friends Historical Society Vol III pg. 28 Extracts from the Bishop of Chester's Visitation for the year 1665, relating to friends continued from vol ii, pg. 138
3) PP 68-92 DAR Miscellaneous Genealogical Records Vol 15-973 D4dar Some Descendants of Robert Taylor of Cheshire, England and Chester County, Pa. Contributed by Margaret Evans Hook, Mary Washington Chapter to Genealogical Records Committee 1952-1953.
4) Descendants of Robert Taylor, one of the Colonizers and Early Settlers of Pennsylvania, Under William Penn, with Special Reference to the Descendants of His Son Isaac, and His Daughters, Rachel Livesey and Mary Lewis. By Alfred Rudulph Justice, of Philadelphia, Pa. Published by Alfred R. Justice and Joseph W. Taylor Philadelphia, 1925.
5) Gary M. Mullins, "The Ancestral Lineage of Ollie Cox Mullins," The Mountain Empire Genealogical Quarterly 7 (Winter 1988)
6) Library of Religious Society of Friends, Margaret Kohler
7) History of Chester County, Pa by J. Smith Futhey and Gilbert Cope, 1881
8) Colonial and Revolutionary Families of Penn. Vol 5 Jordan
9) History of Chester and Delaware Counties, Penn. by Ashmead and Cope, Vol I and II
10) in Memorium-Pleasant Evans Green by Dr. Wilson Green Published about 1892, privately
11) Minutes of Radnor Meeting, Penn., 1680-1733
12) Wills in Chester County Will Books on file in Pennsylvania Historial Society Library, Philadelphia, PA
13) The Taylor Family of Cheshire and Staffordshire Quarterly Meeting (Alice of Whitley, buried at Whitley on 21 Feb 1687?)
Father: Thomas Taylor b: 18 FEB 1594 in Little Leigh, Cheshire, England c: 09 OCT 1594 in Little Leigh, Cheshire, England
Mother: Mary Barrow b: ABT 1598 in Davenham, Cheshire, England
Mary Hayes b: BEF 1643 in Little Leigh, Cheshire, England
in Cheshire, England
- Rachel Taylor b: 15 JAN 1665 in Little Leigh, Cheshire, England
- Isaac Taylor b: 01 AUG 1666 in Clatterwich, Cheshire, England
- Josiah Taylor b: 03 JAN 1668 in Little Leigh, Cheshire, England
- Phoebe Taylor b: 15 AUG 1670 in Little Leigh, Cheshire, England
- Mary Taylor b: 14 JAN 1674 in Little Leigh, Cheshire, England
- Thomas Taylor b: 07 FEB 1676 in Little Leigh, Cheshire, England
- Jonathan Taylor b: 24 AUG 1678 in Little Leigh, Cheshire, England
- Martha Taylor b: 06 DEC 1680 in Little Leigh, Cheshire, England
- Jacob Taylor b: 1684 in Chester County, Pennsylvania