FAMILY TIES

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  • ID: I07032
  • Name: Devereaux Jarrett "Chicken Trotter" Bell
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: Chicken /Trotter/
  • Title: Chief
  • Birth: 1817 in New Echota, Cherokee Nation, Bartow County, Georgia
  • Death: DEC 1866 in Mount Tabor-Bellview Indian Community, Rusk County, Texas
  • Burial: Mount Tabor Indian Cemetery, Rusk County, Texas
  • Event: Clan Ani'-Kawi' = Deer
  • Note:
    Signer of the Treaty of Birds Fort in 1843, ending hostile actions of t he Cherokees and allied tribes, in their support of the Mexican Governme nt against the Texans.

    TREATY Of SEPTEMBER 29, 1843 {aka: Treaty of Bird's Fort}

    Whereas, a treaty of peace and friendship between the Republic of Texas a nd the Delaware, Chickasaw, Waco, Tawakoni, Keechi , Caddo, Anadarko, Ion i, Biloxi and Cherokee tribes of Indians, was concluded and signed at Bird 's Fort, on the Trinity River, on the twenty ninth day of September in t he year of our Lord, One Thousand, Eight Hundred and Forty Three, by G. W. Terrell and E.H. Tarrant, Commissioners on the part of the republ ic of Texas, and certain chiefs, headmen and warriors of the tribes of Ind ians aforesaid, on the part of said tribes; which treaty is, in the follow ing words to wit:

    A treaty of peace and friendship, between the Republic of Texas and the De laware, Chickasaw, Waco, Tawakoni, Keechi, Caddo, Anadarko, Ioni, Biloxi a nd Cherokee Tribes of Indians, concluded and signed at Bird's Fort on t he Trinity River, the 29th day of September, 1843.

    Whereas, for some time past, hostilities have existed and war been carri ed on between the white and red men of Texas, to the great injury of bo th parties; and whereas, a longer continuance of the same would le ad to no beneficial result, but increase the evils which have so long unha ppily rested upon both races; and whereas, the parties are now willi ng to open the path of lasting peace and friendship and are desirous to es tablish certain solemn rules for the regulation of their mutual intercours e: Therefore, the Commissioners of the Republic of Texas, and the chiefs a nd headmen of the beforementioned tribes of Indians being met in counc il at Bird's Fort on the Trinity River, the 29th day of September, 1843, h ave concluded, accepted, agreed to and signed the following articles of tr eaty:

    ARTICLE I
    Both parties agree and declare, that they will live in peace and always me et as friends and brothers. Also, that the war which may have heretofore e xisted between them, shall cease and never be renewed.

    ARTICLE II
    They further agree and declare, that it is the duty of warriors to prote ct woman and children; and that they will never make war upon them, or up on unarmed persons; but only upon warriors.

    ARTICLE III
    They further agree and declare, that the Indians will never unite with t he enemies of Texas, nor make any treaty with them which shall requi re of the Indians to take part against Texas; and if any such proposals sh ould ever be made to them, that they will immediately communicate the sa me to an agent or the President.

    ARTICLE IV
    They further agree and declare, that when they learn that Texas is at w ar with any other people, a chief will come to the agent and ask to be con ducted to the President, that he may counsel with him.

    ARTICLE V
    They further agree and declare, that agents shall be appointed by the Gove rnment of Texas and be stationed at such places as may be deemed proper, f or the purposes of hearing complaints of the Indians and seeing that justi ce is done between them and the whites; also to communicate the orders a nd wishes of the President to the various bands and tribes.

    ARTICLE VI
    They further agree and declare, that no person shall go among the India ns to trade, except by the express authority of the Government of Texas.

    ARTICLE VII
    They further agree and declare, that no whiteman or other person within co ntrol of the laws of Texas, shall introduce among any tribe or nation of I ndians, or to sell to any Indian or Indians, ardent spirits or intoxicati ng liquors of any kind,

    ARTICLE VIII
    They further agree and declare, that no whiteman or other person, else th an a regularly licensed trader, shall purchase any property of an Indi an or Indians without consent of an agent of the Government of Texas.

    ARTICLE IX
    They further agree and declare, that when any property is found among t he whites, belonging to the Indians, it shall be the duty of the age nt to see the same is restored; and on the other hand, whenever propert y, belonging to the whites is found among the Indians, the same shall be r estored in like manner by the chiefs, on application of the owner or owne rs thereof, through the agent.

    ARTICLE X
    They further agree and declare, that no trader shall furnish warlike stori es to the Indians, but by permission of the President.

    ARTICLE XI
    They further agree and declare, that no person or persons shall pass the l ine of the trading houses, without special permission of the President; a nd then only for friendly purposes; nor shall any person or persons resi de or remain within the territory assigned to the Indians, unless by expre ssed direction of the President.

    ARTICLE XII
    They further agree and declare, that any person or persons, who shall mole st or attempt to molest the persons or property of the Indians while th ey remain peaceable under this treaty, shall be guilty of a felony and pun ished accordingly by the Government of Texas.

    ARTICLE XIII
    They further agree and declare, that any killing or outrage whatsoever com mitted by a whiteman or other person within the control of the laws if Tex as, upon any Indian in time of peace, shall be punished by the Governme nt of Texas in the same manner as though the Indian were a whiteman; and t hat the person so offending shall be liable to indictment and punishmen t, in any county of the Republic.

    ARTICLE XIV
    They further agree and declare, that if any Indian or Indians kill any whi te person, he or they shall suffer death; and if any Indian or Indians sha ll steal any property of the whites, he or they shall be punished by the t ribe, in the presence of the agent, with whipping or other punishment acco rding to the offense.

    ARTICLE XV
    They further agree and declare, that the chiefs and captains will not perm it the Indians to cross the line for any purpose whatsoever without author ity and passport from an agent; nor sell any property to a whiteman, unle ss authorized to do so by some agent.

    ARTICLE XVI
    They further agree and declare, that if any person shall come among the In dians, without authority from the President or agent, they will immediate ly seize and deliver them to someone of the agents.

    ARTICLE XVII
    They further agree and declare, that they will mutually surrender and deli ver up all the prisoners which they have of the other party for their o wn prisoners; and that they will not be friendly with any people or natio n, or enter into treaty with them who take prisoners from Texas, or do it 's citizens and injury.

    ARTICLE XVIII
    They further agree and declare, that the President may send among the Indi ans such blacksmiths and other mechanics, as he thinks proper, for their b enefit; and also may send schoolmasters and families, for the purpose of i nstructing them in the English language and Christian religion.

    ARTICLE XIX
    They further agree and declare, that when the President shall send perso ns among the Indians, they will extend to them kind treatment and prote ct them from harm.

    ARTICLE XX
    They further agree and declare, that the chiefs and headmen of the India ns will cause their young men and warriors to behave themselves agreeab ly to the words of this treaty; or they will punish them with deat h, or in such other ways as will compel them to keep peace and walk the pa th made straight between the white and red brothers.

    ARTICLE XXI
    They further agree and declare, that should any difficulty or cause for w ar arise between the Government of Texas and the Indians, they will send t heir complaints to the President, and hear his answer before the commen ce hostilities; and the Government of Texas will do the same.

    ARTICLE XXII
    They further agree and declare, that as soon as the Indians shall have sho wn that they will keep this treaty, and no more make war upon the white s, nor steal horses from them, the President will authorize the trade rs of Texas to sell them powder, lead, guns, spears and other arms, su ch as they may need for the purposes of killing game; and also make to th em every year such presents as the Government of Texas may provide.

    ARTICLE XXIII
    They further agree and declare, that the Government of Texas reserves to i tself the right of working all mines which have been or may hereafter be d iscovered in the territory assigned to the Indians.

    ARTICLE XXIV
    They further agree and declare, that the President shall make such arrange ments and regulations with the several tribes of Indians as he may think b est for their peace and happiness.

    The foregoing articles having been read, interpreted and fully understo od by them, they hereby agree to and confirm the same and signing their na mes.
    Commissioners on the part of Texas: G.W. Terrell; E.H. Tarrant

    Witnesses: R.I. Gilchrist; L. Williams; B. Booth; Sam B. Marshall; Rob 't S. Hume

    Chiefs and Headmen of the Indians:
    Delaware's: Roasting Ear; McCulloch; James St. Louis
    Chickasaw's: Ishteukahtubby
    Waco's: Aca Quash; Chetickkaka
    Tawakoni's: Kechikaroqua
    Keechi's: Kahteahtic
    Caddo's: Red Bear; Binchah; Haddahbah
    Anadarko's: Jose Maria
    Ioni's: Towaash
    Biloxi's: Hoyo Tubby
    Cherokee's: Chicken Trotter

    Interpreters: James Shaw; Luis Sanchez; Chowanih; Pierce Sobby; Choctaw Tom

    Now therefore, be it known, that I, Sam Houston, President of the Republic of Texas, having seen and considered said treaty, do, in pursuance of t he advice and consent of the Senate, as expressed by their resolution of he Thirty First day of January, One Thousand, Eight Hundred and Forty Four, accept, ratify and confirm the same, and every clause and article thereof.

    "It should be noted that this treaty was fully ratified by the Republic of Texas on February 3, 1844. It was also honored by the State of Texas following its annexation by the United States of America, and was never superceded by any other treaty, nor aboragated by the Congress of the United States. It therefore, theoretically, remains in force to present day".

    After the close of hostilities with Texas, Devereaux left with his brother Samuel for the Califonia gold fields in 1849. After Samuel died in route to California, Devereaux returned to Texas a few years later and participated as a part of the Cherokee Mounted Rifles during the Civil War. He was captured by Union troops and suffered severly in a Union prison camp. It was from the injuries he sustained as a prisoner of war that brought his premature death in 1875. (Note: "Cherokee Adair's" place his death as December 1866). JCT 6/17/14

    Sources: Starr's History of the Cherokee Indians; The 1840 Census of the Republic of Texas, 1966 Pemberton Press, Austin, Texas, Edited by Gifford W hite, Nacogdoches County; Texas Indian Papers, Texas State Archives, Austin, Texas; Cecil Lee Pinkston-Vinson interviews (verification of Chicken Trotter as the Indian name of Devereaux Jarett Bell) with Daisy Starr, Leveretts Chapel, Texas, August 22, 1967, Mack Starr September 14, 1967 and George M. Bell Sr. September 17, 1967. Sumer of 1963 survey of memorial markers of Mount Tabor Indian Cemetery (Rusk County, Texas) by Roy and Cecil Vinson. Headstone of Jarrett Bell showed the name "Chief Chicken Trotter" at the bottom of stone. Note: stone was gone in 1967 survey and is noted as gone by George Morrison Bell Sr. in 1969 in his book Genealogy of Old and New Cherokee Families. "Cherokee Adairs" by the Adair Family Reunion Book Committee, Cherokee Nation 2003, pg 7.




    Father: John Bell b: 1 MAY 1782 in Greenville District, South Carolina
    Mother: Charlotte Adair b: 1785 in Adairville, Cherokee Nation (Bartow County, Georgia)

    Marriage 1 Juliette Lewis Vann b: 18 MAY 1826 in Cherokee Nation-Georgia
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