Name: Cadwalader ELLIS Jr.
Change Date: 27 JUN 2006
ALIA: Cadwalader means "Battle Leader".//
Birth: 1683 in Llanycil Parish
He could have been born earlier than 1683 his date of baptism or
Baptism: 18 JUL 1683 Llanycil Parish
'Elizius filius Caddr Ellis de Bala & Jana uxoris eius baptus fuit
Will: 23 FEB 1728/1729 Lancaster Co.,, PA
decimo octavo die July 1683' From the original Llanycil Parish
Registers. Baptisms: 1680 - 1724, Vol. 3, p. 2.
Translation: Ellis, son of Cadwalader Ellis of Bala and Jane his wife,
baptised this 18 day of July 1683."
See Media for typed copy.
Death: 1730 in Caernarvon twp, Lancaster Co.
Note: Lancaster County Orphans Court records are found from 1742.
Earlier records are believed either lost or destroyed in the Court
House fire of 1784. The Court was in session as early as 1730-32.
Cadwalader signed his own will and affixed his seal or signet (long
since lost). shown on the original will, but cannot be read.
His G grandson Isaac also signed and stamped his will with a seal or
signet ring or stamp. If found or viewed, this would show the family
crest and pedegree, thus proving the lineage.
It should be noted that the Hudson family known to Cadwalader
here in PA came from Wales and as far as is known were not related
to Chamberlain Hudson family of Westmoreland Co., Virginia and Sumner
Cadwalader signed his own will and affixed his seal or signet (long
since lost). shown on the original will, but cannot be read. His G
grandson Isaac also signed and stamped his will with a seal or signet
ring or stamp. If found or viewed, this could show the family crest
and pedegree, thus proving the lineage.
CADWALADER "Battle Leader" Also semi-legendary British "king",
leader against Anglo-Saxons in the 7th century. Prince of Gwynedd
in 664 AD.
"A people called the Welsh, so bold and ferocious that, when unarmed,
they do not fear to encounter an armed force, being ready to shed
their blood in defence of their country, and to sacrifice their lives
Henry II, King of England c 1165
(Letter to the Emperor of Byzantium)
The Probate records (1571-1700) at St. Asaph for Penllyn at Llanyckill
(Llanycil) near Bala for September 3, 1663 (Copied by Thomas Allen
Glenn - 1914) show in the Abstracts of Wills (1671-1700) a Elis John,
Will proved by his son Evan Ellis. The Pedigrees (also by Glenn) show:
"John of Llanycil - son Elis John of Llanycil d. August 12, 1663.
Children: John Ellis, Morris Ellis, Evan Ellis, Cadwalader Ellis,
Robert Ellis, Margt. m. John Cadwalader and Elizabeth. Listed under
Cadwalader are Thomas Ellis and David Ellis.
The MM in Penllyn, Wales of 16 May, 1675 does not show a Cadwalader
Ellis. (too young, or not yet a Quaker ?).
The MM in Penllyn, Wales of 18, 5th month (July), 1683 shows a
Cadwalader Ellis in attendance. NB. This is the same date as that of
his son's baptism !
One Cadwalader a witness to a will dated 26. 11mo.(January 1686)1685
at the Penllyn MM, Wales.
The earliest date for Cadwalader in PA is September 7, 1687 attending
the Chester County MM. The Chester MM minutes of 2/5/1688 show him as
a signator to "Subscribing to a position against giving, trading or
selling liquor to the Indians". (from "Early Church Records of
Delaware Co., PA", p. 77).
The list of unrecorded Wills copied by Thomas Allen Glenn in his 1914
recording of Probates in Penlynn from the records at St. Asaph, Wales
shows a Ellis Cadwalader from Llanfawr. Will dated 1689.
The MM at Hendre Mawr (1.6 miles N.W. of Bala), Merionethshire, Wales
dated 21.12mo.(February 1700) 1699, shows a Cadwalader Ellis.
Certificate of removal for Cadd`r Ellis from the Hendre Mawr
MM dated 24. 12, 1699 (February 24, 1700). Ref. Abstracts of Thomas
Allen Glenn on LDS film # 0441357. See also Browning "Welsh Settlement
of Pennsylvania", p. 198.
It is now (1989) believed that this Ellis line are those shown in the
books: "Welsh Founders of Pennsylvania" - Browning and "Merion in the
Welsh Tract" by Glenn, T.A. These people were mostly Quakers and some
later Episcopalians. Mentioned in the Brownings book is the note that
several Welsh families settled in Caernarvon TWP Lancaster, (now Berks
Co.) in 1718, and probably came from The Welsh Tract, Radnor and
Haverford in what was Chester County.
N.B. Lancaster formed from Chester Co., in 1729.
Berks , formed from Chester, Lancaster and Phila. Counties
in 1752. Cadwalader's plantation was in what is now Berks Co.,
east of Morgantown.
From the Quaker MM of Chester Co. it appears that Cadwalader
married Margaret Edwards by a Justice and out of the Church, in
July 1712. 28/2/1712 "Cadwalader Ellis to marry Margrit Edwards."
"Ellis, Cadwalader of Goshen disowned, 30/9/1713." The Goshen
meetinghouse is located at the intersection of Route 352 and Paoli
Pike at Goshenville, PA. Address: 814 N. Chester Road, West Chester,
This information would indicate that Cadwalader was a Quaker (and
changed to an Episcopalian?)
Cadwalader most likely came over with the second party of settlers
formed by Hugh Roberts from whom he purchased 295 (310?) acres,
on Ridley Creek in Goshen twp. Note: Wm. Penn allowed the purchase of
two plots, one in the area of "Company No. 1 and one in the Goshen
twp. "Welsh Founders----", by Browning, p. 387. From the general
warrant "Company No. 1" (now Lower Merion twp) deed confirmed 310
acres to Cadwalader Ellis, Goshen twp in the Welsh tract. Page 493
"--- Goshen twp organized about 1704, this is the time it had its
first Constable Cadwalader Ellis, a Welshman." He held this post for 4
years. In 1710 he was appointed Supervisor of Highways for Goshen.
In 1703 he had 310 acres in Duffein [Duffryn] Mawr* "Great Valley"
In 1703 he had 275 acres in "The Welsh Tract." Ref. Minutes of the
Board of Property. Vol.1, pp. 338, 367. Also various Records of the
Court of Chester County, Pennsylvania, Vol. 2, which shows "Edward
Roberts (first son of Hugh Roberts), Robert Roberts (2nd son), Orion
Roberts (should be Owen, 3rd son) deed to Cadwalader Ellis for 275 a
in Welsh Tract 1703." Parenthesis added by the author.
The minutes of the Radnor MM held at Merion on the 12th of the 9th
month 1702, pages 69-70, item 5 decided to assist as follows:
In 1702 the Haverford [Radnor] MM loaned money to Cadwalader. "At the
same time £12 5s. 2d. was contributed to Cadwalader Ellis and his
brother, also of Goshen, "whose house had been burned by fire, and his
mother and brother having lost most they had." Ref. History of
Delaware County by George Smith - 1862. Page 205 .
An important document "Land Commissioners minutes of the Welsh Tract,
1702" (from the Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Library, film
reel 23.1) shows Ellis Jones with land 1699, pp -3-1, page 71 for 1692
shows a Robert Ellis and wife Elizabeth Bennet with property in the
Liberty Lands of Phila. The alphabetical "Index of Propriatary Papers"
has "E" missing !
"Warrants and Surveys of the Province of Pennsylvania including
the Three Lower Counties 1759, Published 1965, Reprint 1975 by the
Bookmark, P. O. Box 74, Knightstown, Ind. By Permission of Department
of Records, City of Philadelphia: Cadwallader Ellis 1702 Vol 6, page
* There is supposedly a plaque on a hill of this name just east of
He is shown attending the Chester MM January 27, 1704 (p. 135-36).
" " " Goshen MM held at Springfield on
"Cadaelleder Ellis, reported for going to marriage of Ellis Williams*
who took a wife contrary to the rules of discipline - 20th day 4mo.
Taken from "Early Chester Church Records, Vol. 3, p. 92. by Launey.
He was still on the tax rolls in Goshen in 1715.
It appears that Cadwalader speculated in land and may have owned
as many as three plot of 275 acres or more, prior to moving to
Caernarvon twp plantation. Ca 1708 he deeded 50 acres in Whitpain
twp to his brother Humphrey probably as a wedding gift.
Cadwalader bought a 500 acre plantation (1718) in Caernarvon twp (now
Berks Co.) Lancaster County at the head waters of the Conestoga Creek.
Part of the property was on Pine Run (now called Swamp Creek). His
Will provides 125 acres each to daughters Mary and Jane. The remaining
250 acres went to his only son Robert.
Note: The PA £ in 1770 is = US$ 46 in 1991. The 250 acre Estate was
valued at £ 1,100.
* Ellis Williams relationship. See John of Llanycil and my
pedigree site. Related back to David ap Meredydd 15th century.
Father: Cadwalader ELLIS Sr. b: EST 1655 in Llanycil Parish N.B. See t
Mother: Jane Cadwalader ROWLAND b: 1661 in Llanycil Parish
Margaret EDWARDS b: ABT 1684 in Llanycil Parish
in Goshen twp
The marriage certificate was to be signed by AT LEAST 12 witnesses.
The signatures are usually arranged in 3 columns with the place of
honor reserved for the fathers of the bride & groom at the top of the
rightmost column, immediately beneath the signatures of the groom &
This was the first and only marriage.
The Chester MM records for the Goshen area 2nd mo (April) 28, 1712
show Cadwalader Ellis and Margaret Edwards "passed" the meeting. The
next month, the meeting asked them to wait until "Friends can be
satisfied as to her behavior." The MM of the 5th mo (July) 28, 1712
showed Cadwalader to be married by a Justice. Note: One Thomas
Edwards was the Justice at this time. Margarets Brother ?. The MM
of 9th mo (November) 30, 1713 shows Cadwalader to be "disowned."
Note: The Goshen MM began in 1722.
- Robert ELLIS Sr. b: ABT 1713
- Mary ELLIS b: EST 1715
- Jane ELLIS b: EST 1718