Name: Samuel Leggett
Birth: 4 OCT 1782
Death: 5 JAN 1847 in New York?
Burial: Flushing Quaker Meeting House, Flushing (Queens), N.Y.
Begin generation five
* 73-g5Le7 Samuel5 Leggett, (Thomas4, Thomas3, Gabriel2, Gabriel1)
bornOctober 4, 1782
diedJanuary 5, 1847
marriedca early 1800s Elizabeth Powell (or Pearsall)
diedApril 17, 1849
Children (Leggett) 8: 2 boys, 6 girls
He resided in Flushing, N.Y. in 1840. It is not known positively which was the maiden name of Elizabeth. Bolton gives it as Powell, and some of the descendants state that it was Pearsall. No marriage record has been found to substantiate either form). With his brothers, Joseph74-g5Le7 and William76-g5Le7, he was among the noted merchants of the time.
GasLogic, A Monthly Journal of Enlightenment and Progress, March 1919
When in 1817, some capitalists decided to open a bank in New York City, The Franklin Bank, Samuel5 Leggett was chosen to head it.
In 1823 the first gas company of New York was chartered. But business did not thrive because no one dared to install "burning air" in their homes. Then one evening strollers fancied they saw a fire at No. 7 Cherry St. But no flames came from the illuminated mansion and it did not burn down. This home of Samuel5 Leggett, president of the first gas company in New York City, was the first of the then 17,000 homes in the city to be lighted by gas.
The Leggett mansion, a three-story brick house with a garret, was located in the home center of early New York aristocracy. A few doors away, at No. 1 Cherry St., George Washington had lived as President while John Hancock had received guests at No. 5 Cherry St. An arch of the Brooklyn Bridge now rises from the spot where those first gas jets bravely flickered.
He was a staunch Quaker, but more tolerant and easy-going than some. He made a gift to Flushing of a church with the understanding that persons of all faiths might worship there. This broadmindedness and the handsomeness of the gift made him very popular at Whitestone where he spent the months when not domiciled at Cherry St.
Here is the full article referenced above:
A MONTHLY JOURNAL OF ENLIGHTENMENT AND PROGRESS
Vol. XXV MARCH, 1919No. 3
[pp. 1-4, copyright 1919, Robert E. Livingston]
96th Year of Gas in New York City
[1. Samuel Leggett]
[caption:] Samuel Leggett First President of New York City's First Gas Company, 1823
[2. The House at No. 7 Cherry Street]
[caption:] 18 The Leggett Mansion 25
Mr. Leggett's City Home.
No. 7 Cherry St.
First House in New York to be lighted by Gas.
[3. The Country House in Whitestone, Long Island, with Leggett seal, lion rampant]
[caption:] MR. LEGGETTS Country Home, Whitestone, L. I.
From and old Painting
[4. Gas plant with tall, smoking stack]
[caption:] From an old print
New York Gas Light Company's Works in East Twenty-first Street
Samuel Leggett and His Historic Gas-Lighting Experiment
NINETY-SIX years ago this month, the first gas company of New York City was chartered. It was called the New York Gas Light Company and it was established "for the purpose of better lighting the said city and the buildings, manufactories and houses therein." On the twenty-sixth day of March, this pioneer corporation received the right "to manufacture, make and sell gas, to made of coal, oil, tar, peat, pitch or turpentine or other materials."
A little group of men put their heads together one day in 1822 and decided it could be done-that their city of 17,000 houses would eagerly welcome a light which would do away with the bothersome oil lamp. So they formed their little company and placed their big idea before the city lawmaking body at once, but it was not until the following March that their charter was granted. In those days New York proper lived down around Battery Park and Franklin Square. The gas company built its first works on Center Street, not far from the Tombs, and there it started its "home fires" which have burned brightly ever since. For twenty-seven years this plant supplied gas to the city, growing steadily-so steadily-that larger quarters became a necessity. As a result the works were moved uptown to East Twenty-first Street. Truly may it be said that those "home fires" have never burned low, because when that change was made in 1850 the burning embers were heaped into a huge pail and carried from the old to the new plant, where they continued to burn and glow. Not for one second since the first day of business have the gas coals burned out.
In a city boasting of a population of about 125,000 the company not unnaturally anticipated a rushing business but, strange as it may seem, at first no one dared to install the "burning air." It was for the gas company to prove the merits of its new illuminant. And it did! One evening strollers in Franklin Square fancied they saw a fire at No. 7 Cherry Street. They hastened to the street, where were gathered crowds of gaping, awestruck citizens gazing, from a respectfully safe distance, at an illuminated mansion from which came no flames. They waited expectantly for the house to burn up or burn down and when, long after Knickerbocker bedtime, nothing happened, their astonishment was greater than ever.
The next day everyone was talking about No. 7 Cherry Street and the man behind its walls. But down on Center Street, the president of the first gas company was making plans for the business which he knew now would not be long in coming. By lighting his own home with gas, Samuel Leggett had set New York's tongues wagging.
The Leggett mansion was a three-story brick house with a garret. It was in the home center of early New York aristocracy. A few doors away, at No. 1 Cherry Street, George Washington had lived as President of the United States, while John Hancock had received his guests at No. 5 Cherry Street.
The gas that Samuel Leggett introduced into his house was made from resin. This gave a light of excellent quality for that period, but the gas mains, fashioned, as were the water mains, of trunks of trees, were less scientific in construction. Gas was conducted from the corner of Hester and Rynders Streets, now Center Street, to Cherry Street. Through Battery Park men and women strolled to the Leggett mansion to watch possible developments. They were certain the solid timbers and the mellow red bricks would crumble to ashes.
But no amount of fear displayed by a backward population worried Samuel Leggett. Bowling Green and Greenwich Street would follow his lead, he knew, as soon as they discovered that the "burning fire" was harmless. He was a man of big ideas and forethought and he knew that the oil lamp soon would be a thing of the past. And so, while the city speculated as to the feasibility of gas illumination, he was preparing to furnish the gas.
It seemed as though Mr. Leggett were a born president. When in 1817 some capitalists decided to open a bank and hired De Witt Clinton to obtain a charter for them, they chose Mr. Leggett to head their institution. A bank charter then was about as easy to get as is the Victoria Cross to-day, but through Clinton's influence the charter was obtained, and the Franklin Bank, with headquarters in the Square, came into being. The bank's first act was to discount Clinton's note for $80,000.
Always genial, Samuel Leggett was the antithesis of his severely stern wife. Mrs. Leggett needed no suffrage privilege to make her master of the household and she was as fastidious about personal appearance as her husband was at times indifferent. Often the neighbors would see the little woman follow her husband to the door, scan him carefully and then hear her say in an unmistakably critical voice, "Samuel, is thy cravat straight?" and the guilty Samuel would hasten to shift the back of his cravat to where the front had no business to be.
Although Mr. Leggett was as staunch a Quaker as his wife, he was vastly more tolerant and easygoing. With his six sons and seven daughters, he was affectionate and mild, but his wife ruled him as well as the children. And when he went so far as to permit his son, Samuel Jr., to be tutored by Doctor Muhlenberg, that he might become an Episcopal clergyman, Mrs. Leggett drew the line at this digression and persuaded her son to give up his aim. Samuel, Jr., obeyed, but after his parents' death married an Episcopalian descended from a crowned head of England.
Perhaps the most extraordinary act for a Quaker to be famed for was Mr. Leggett's gift to Flushing of a church built with the understanding that persons of all faiths might worship therein. This broadmindedness and the handsomeness of the gift made him popular at Whitestone, where he lived during the months he was not domiciled in Cherry Street. Thomas Leggett, his father, had been a large landowner in Westchester. He was the grandson of the first Gabriel Leggett, who came to America in 1661, from Essex County, England, and he traced his ancestry to Helmingo Leget, High Sheriff of that county in 1404. Other descendants of Gabriel Leggett believe the original name came from the fact that in Queen Anne's time one of the family was the Pope's legate and adopted the name Legate, which through generations gradually assumed a new spelling.
However that may be, the Leggett family was a notable one a century ago. Samuel Leggett was with his brothers among the noted merchants of the times. A cousin, William Leggett, established The Critic, a weekly journal which later was united with the New York Mirror. In 1829 this same cousin became associated with William Cullen Bryant on the Evening Post.
When Samuel Leggett first introduced gas into his home he was forty-one years old. He was born on October 4, 1782, and died on January 5, 1847. Down on old Cherry Street, an arch of the Brooklyn Bridge rises from the spot where four score and sixteen years ago those first gas jets bravely flickered and sent out warm greetings to a chilly and unreceptive populace. Surrounding the arch are buildings in which to-day gas has come to be so much a part of the comfort of everyday life that it is taken for granted. Between five and six o'clock of any 1919 winter afternoon almost as much gas is distributed as all New York used at the time Samuel Leggett became a gas pioneer.
Ninety-six years of achievement have meant the steady growth of the gas jet. Its flame has continually grown brighter with the years and its cost to the consumer has gradually declined from the $10 per thousand cubic feet which prevailed for the years after 1823, down to the present price, which is actually less than the cost of manufacture.
During these nearly one hundred years the once humble gas jet has blossomed out with a family of great esteem, for all its descendants have been accepted and popularly acclaimed. Its economical granddaughters-the gas range and the gas water heater-and its male descendants who have so splendidly upheld the lighting and industrial honors of the family, have won their way into the hearts and the homes and the business establishments of the grandsons and the granddaughters of the very people who laughed at the Cherry Street experiment. What better recompense could be asked by anyone or anything-even a gas jet?
Following is from the website of one Philip Ernest Schoenberg, who conducts walking tours of various New York sites, including the Brooklyn Bridge (http://www.newyorktalksandwalks.com/talkwalk.htm). Under the section entitled "Folklore" Dr. Schoenberg asserts that:
The Manhattan Landing of the Brooklyn Bridge covers most of what was Cherry Street where some very famous people lived.
No. 1--birthplace of William Tweed; his father had a chairmaking business at 3 and 5.
No. 3--George Washington rented Walter Franklin's as the nation's first executive mansion in 1789.
No. 5--home of John Hancock, 1784-1789 as president of the Continental Congress.
No. 7--Samuel Leggett, one of the wealthiest New Yorkers, and the first to have gas illumination. (Gaslights were first lit in his house in 1825. He was first president of the New York Gas Company, a precursor to today's ConEd.)
No. 9--DeWitt Clinton, mayor and governor, who built the Erie Canal.
Of Samuel Leggett and Grand Island, N.Y.
When the island was surveyed by the state in 1824, the land was divided into lots of not more than 200 acres. These were sold at public auction. Mr. Samuel Leggett of New York City, acting for Major Mordecai M. Noah, purchased 2,555 acres as a refuge for members of the Jewish race. The plan was to make Grand Island into a large and flourishing city. Major Noah ordered the cornerstone for his enterprise from the Cleveland quarries. He composed the inscription for it "Ararat, A City of Refuge for Jews, Founded by Mordecai Noah in the month Tizri 5586, September 1825 and in the 50th Year of American Independence."
This cornerstone was to be laid on Grand Island on September 15, 1825. However, when Major Noah and his assistant arrived in Buffalo from New York City, they discovered the inadequacy of the transportation to Grand Island, so decided to hold the ceremonies in St. Paul's Church in Buffalo. Many people, not knowing the change in plan, lined the bank of the Niagara River near Tonawanda hoping to see the ceremony.
Major Noah returned to New York City and the proposed city did not materialize. The corner stone left at St. Paul's became the property of Peter B. Porter, who took it to his home in Black Rock. In 1834, General Porter gave the stone to Lewis F. AI1en, who wanted it for the Whitehaven settlement. The stone was quite an attraction there. The river steamer operating between Buffalo and Schlosser stopped at Whitehaven so that the travelers could see the stone.
After l850, the stone came into the possession of Wallace Baxter, then to Charles H. Waite, who owned "Sheenwater." Finally in l866, the cornerstone was placed in the Museum of the Buffalo Historical Society.
From The History of Grand Island web page
5. The plaintiff further alleges that after the probate of the Will of the said Thomas Leggett, and on or about the 5th day of January, 1847, Samuel Leggett, one of the children of the said Testator, Thomas Leggett, and devisee under his will, departed this life having first duly made and published his last Will and Testament bearing date the 21st of June, 1840, and a codicil thereto dated the 17th day of November, 1845, in the words and figures following, to wit:
I, SAMUEL LEGGETT, of the town of Flushing in the County of Queens, Yeoman, do by these presents, make and publish this my last Will and Testament in manner following, that is to say:
Imprimis: I give, devise and bequeath unto my beloved wife, Elizabeth Leggett, all my household furniture, plate, horses, cattle, and carriages of every kind and description as the same may be found at my decease, together with all grain, grass, hay and produce growing or gathered on my farm at Flushing, where I now reside in the year of my decease forever. And I devise also to my said wife my dwelling house, ground and premises with their appurtenances where I now reside at Flushing, as aforesaid for and during the full end and term of her natural life.
And I further will and devise that she may take (if she so elect) my dwelling house and premises situate at No. 7 (Number Seven) Cherry street, in the City of New York, but she is in no case to take both of said above described premises, and to make her election of the one she chooses within one year after my decease, and I charge which ever of the above described premises my wife may elect, with all taxes or assessments which may be imposed thereon during the term she may enjoy the same.
Item: Al the rest, residue and remainder of my estate, both real and personal, whatsoever and wheresoever, I give, devise and bequeath unto my said wife Elizabeth Leggett, and my children, Mary E. Corse, (wife of Barney Corse) William F. Leggett, Charlotte F. Leggett, Martha Leggett, Rebecca Leggett and Samuel Leggett, Junior, equally share and share alike, saving and excepting from the part or share heretofore advanced to my son William F. Leggett, the sum of Ten thousand dollars, which said sum of Ten thousand dollars is to be estimated as a debt due to my estate from my said son and make up an integral part thereof, but no interest is to be charged thereon against my said son, and as it relates to the shares and portions of my estate which is given and devised to each of my daughters, that the same and each and every on of such shares or portions given to my said daughters, shall be liable to the provisions and trusts hereinafter contained of, and concerning the same that is to say: That the part of each of my said daughters shall be vested in, and held in trust for the following uses and purposes, that is to say: That my Executors and Trustees apply the rents, issues and profits and income of each of my daughters shares or portions of my estate for her maintenance and support, from time to time, as the same shall be received, without the interference of any husband, if she shall be married, during her natural life, and when or as soon as it can be done with security and certainty, that each of the shares or portions of my estate so given to my daughters be separated and made a distinct fund or estate progressively in the collection settlement, sale and liquidation of my estate, real and personal, and that the shares or portions of my estate, devised to my daughters shall not be liable for the debts, contracts or liabilities nor be in any manner controlled by her or either of their husband or husbands.
Item: On the death of either of my daughters her part or portions of my estate so given in trust, shall go to and belong to her right heirs at law, as if she had died a feme sole intestate.
Item: I declare that the devises and provisions hereinbefore made to my wife, shall be taken and received by her in full bar of her dower, right of dower or thirds of, in and to my Real Estate.
Item: I will that each of my sons of lawful age, or when of lawful age, shall be entitled to receive, have and take fully and absolutely his portion or part of my estate herein given to him.
Item: My children who may be minors or infants at my decease, shall be educated, supported and brought up out of the income of my whole estate, until they severally arrive to lawful age, or if a daughter until she shall be married, if such marriage shall take place while she is a minor, and that my said Executors so place the shares, parts or portions of my daughters and each of them; that the income, interest and profits thereof in every case, may and shall be applied for them respectively during their natural lives, and hereinbefore provided for, as shall be in conformity and compliance with the laws of this state, so that their respective parts or portions, and the proceeds of income thereof, shall in no wise be liable to the control or for the debts of their husbands at any time but be applied to and for their separate and sole benefit and use for and during their natural lives respectively.
Item: For the more convenient and profitable division and investiture of my estate, I authorize and empower my Executors to sell and convey from time to time, and at all times, any part or the whole of my Real Estate upon such terms and conditions as shall be deemed most beneficial and to grant the same by proper and lawful deeds and conveyances to purchasers thereof, fully and absolutely in fee simple. The part of the Real Estate which is bequeathed to my wife, and which she may elect as provided is also to be sold as aforesaid after her death. And also all of my real estate collected and sold, and when sold to be converted into and be considered personal Estate, both at law and in equity, but until my real estate is sold and such as shall remain unsold, that my executors have, hold and occupy the same, and rent out or lease the same as they may deem best, and pay or apply the rents issues and profits thereof as hereinbefore directed.
Item: My executors are also empowered to compromise commute or change any debt due to me at my decease, and to leave any disputed claim or demand, I may have against any person to referees, arbitrators or umpires.
Item: Should the provisions of this my Will be doubtful or not according to the laws of this State, as relates to the parts of portions of my daughters, and the uses and trusts created, connected therewith, it is my wish that my Executors have power to vary the same, and the trusts so construed, and the money so applied, that my daughters may have the full benefit of my bounty as hereby intended.
And lastly: I hereby nominate, constitute and appoint my said wife Elizabeth, Executrix, my son William F. Leggett and my brother William H. Leggett, and my brothers-in-law Samuel F. Mott and Thomas W. Pearsall, Executors of, and Trustees under this my last Will and Testament, and also the Guardians of the persons and estates of such of my children as may be minors during their respective minorities giving and granting unto them my said Executors, Trustees and Guardians, full power to perform and execute the acts and duties incidental to their appointments and the trusts herein contained under this my Will, and that my Executors and Trustees may cause Insurances on my edifices against loss or losses by fire, and should any one or more of my houses stores or other buildings be damaged or destroyed, that my Executors have power to repair, re-build or otherwise as they may consider most desirable under all circumstances, out of any funds belonging to my estate, hereby revoking all and every former Will by me at any time made.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and seal to these presents, containing my last Will and Testament, this twenty-first day of 6th month in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty.
SAMUEL LEGGETT, [L. S.]
Signed, Sealed, Published and Declared by the Testator to be his last Will and Testament, in the presence of us, who at his request, and in his presence, and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as witnesses.
AARON LEGGETT, of the City, County and State of New York and residing in said City.
JOHN J. RING, of the City, County and State of New York and residing in said City.
I, SAMUEL LEGGETT, of the Town of Flushing, in the County of Queens and State of New York, do hereby make, execute and publish this as a Codicil to my last Will and Testament, bearing date the 21st day of 6th month, 1840 for the sole purpose of changing the names of some of the Executors therein named, and of appointing others in their places, viz:
Item: I hereby order and direct the names of my brother William H. Leggett, and that of my brother-in-law Thomas W. Pearsall, to be erased and taken from my said Will, hereby annulling and utterly doing away and making void said appointments as Executors of my said Will.
Item: I hereby nominate, constitute and appoint as Executors to my said Will, my son Samuel Leggett, Junior, my sons-in-law Benjamin Cox, and William H. Schermerhorn, which together with William W. Fox, my brother-in-law, are made Executors hereby to act in the place and instead of William H. Leggett and Thos. W. Pearsall, tow of the Executors named in my said Will aforesaid.
Item: In order that I may not be misunderstood my meaning and intent is to constitute, appoint and empower the following named persons to act as Executors and Executrix of my said Will and no others viz: My wife, Elizabeth Leggett, my sons William F. Leggett and Samuel Leggett, Junior, my sons-in-law Benjamin Cox, and William H. Schermerhorn, my brothers-in-law William W. Fox and Samuel F. Mott hereby clothing them with, and conferring upon them all the powers and authority given to the Executors in said Will, in as full and ample a manner as if their names had been inserted therein in every possible thing whether as Executors, Trustees or otherwise.
In Testimony Whereof, I have to these presents as a Codicil to my said Last Will and Testament, set my hand and seal this 17th day of Eleventh month, 1845.
SAM'L LEGGETT [L. S.]
"The word "Will" interlined twice before execution, in presence of us, who have subscribed our names as witnesses in the presence of the Testator who declared this document to be a Codicil to his Last Will and Testament executed by him the 21st day of 6th Mo. 1840.
MARIA L. HICKS, Manhasset, Long Island.
JNO. SNIFFEN, 216 Adams Street, Brooklyn, L. I.
6. The plaintiff further alleges that the said last will and testament and codicil thereto, were duly proved before the Surrogate of the County of Queens in the State of New York, on the 22d day of February, 1847, and duly admitted to probate by him and letters testamentary thereupon were duly issued by the said Surrogate of said county to Benjamin Cox, William H. Schermerhorn and Samuel Leggett, jr., three of the executors named in the said last will and testament and codicil thereto, who thereupon duly qualified as such executors and entered upon the discharge of the duties of their said office, and that said will and codicil were duly recorded in the office of the said Surrogate of Queens County, in Liber 4 of Wills of real estate, page 161.
Supreme Court: County of New York.
DESCENDANTS OF SAMUEL LEGGETT AND ELIZABETH, HIS WIFE.
23. The plaintiff further alleges, that the said Samuel Leggett, the son of the testator, Thomas Leggett, left him surviving at the time of his death hereinbefore mentioned, his widow, the said Elizabeth Leggett, and six children, viz: (1) William F. Leggett, (2) Samuel Leggett, Jr., (3) Mary E. Corse, wife of Barney Corse, (4) Charlotte F. Schermerhorn, wife of Wm. H. Schermerhorn, (5) Martha L. Cox, wife of Benjamin Cox, and (6) Rebecca L. Willets, wife of Thomas S. Willets, who were parties to said partition suit, and that Benjamin Cox, William H. Schermerhorn and Samuel Leggett, Jr., the executors of the last will and testament of the said Samuel Leggett, who were also parties to said suit have all since departed this life, and that the estate of the said Samuel Leggett, which came into the hands of the said executors of his will, has all been administered, and that the several trusts created in and by his said will, have all been carried out and have expired; and that since the death of the said executors, no other administrator or trustee under his will has been appointed, that Rebecca F. Leggett and Samuel Leggett, Jr., the executors and trustees under the last will and testament of Elizabeth Leggett, the widow of Samuel Leggett, Sr., who were also parties to said suit have all since departed this life, and that the estate of the said Elizabeth Leggett, which came into the hands of her said executors has all been administered and that the several trusts created in and by her will, have all been carried out and have expired with the exception of the trust created in and by her said will for the benefit of her daughter Mary E. Corse; that said Rebecca F. Leggett, who intermarried with Thomas S. Willets, was the last surviving executrix of the said last will and testament of her said mother, the said Elizabeth Leggett, and that she departed this life on the 10th day of February, 1886, leaving certain trusts created in and by the will of her mother, not fully executed, and that by an order or decree of the Surrogate's Court of the County of Queens, made on the 30th day of July, 1886, Henry C. Willets, was appointed trustee under the said will of Eliza Leggett, deceased, to succeed the said Rebecca F. Willets, with full power and authority to execute and perform in all particulars the parts remaining unperformed of the trusts created in and by said will; that the said Henry C. Willets, duly qualified as such trustee and entered upon the discharge of the duties of his office and acted as such until his death, and thereafter by an order or decree of the said Surrogate's Court of Queens County on the 1st day of May, 1891, it was adjudged and decreed that the trusts created by the will of said Elizabeth Leggett, in favor of said Martha Cox, Charlotte F. Schermerhorn and Rebecca F. Willets, had terminated, and that the only trust remaining under said will is that created for the benefit of Mary E. Corse, and the defendant New York Security and trust Company was in and thereby appointed as the successor of Henry C. Willets, deceased, in the trusts created by the said will, for the benefit of said Mary E. Corse, during her lifetime.
From pp. 16-22 and 41-42 of:
ANNA SCHELL, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS SOLE SURVIVING ADMINSTRATRIX,
WITH THE WILL ANNEXED OF THE GOODS, CHATTELS AND CREDITS
LEFT UNADMINISTERED OF THOMAS LEGGETT, DECEASED,
MARY E. CORSE, AND OTHERS,
SUMMONS AND COMPLAINT.
Nos. 45 and 47 Wall Street,
New York City.
Robert B. King, Printer, 89 William St., N. Y.
Dated New York, October 1, 1891.
Electronically transcribed, March 2003, by David John Leggett, b. 1961, 4th great grandson of Thomas Leggett, 1755-1843.
Father: Thomas Leggett b: 17 JAN 1755 in Stillwater, Saratoga Co., N. Y.
Mother: Mary Haight b: 2 FEB 1762 in Phillipse Manor, Westchester Co., N. Y.
Elizabeth Powell b: 10 SEP 1785
2 MAR 1805
in New York?
- Elizabeth Leggett
- Mary Elizabeth Leggett b: 6 NOV 1805 in Bayside, L.I., N.Y.
- William Fox Leggett b: ABT 1807
- Charlotte Fox Leggett
- Martha Leggett
- Rebecca Fox Leggett b: 1819
- Margaret Leggett b: 13 DEC 1825
- Samuel Leggett b: 10 SEP 1828 in New York City