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  • ID: I21539
  • Name: John {1} WHITE , of Cambridge MA, Immigrant 1
  • Sex: M
  • Title: Elder
  • Birth: ABT. 1597 in Messing, ESS 2 3
  • Death: 23 Jan 1683/84 in Hartford, Hartford, CT 4
  • Immigrant: 1632 abd "Lion" 5
  • Reference Number: WHIT452
  • Note:
    John White was born about 1600 near Chelmsford, Essex, some 30 miles NE of London. John grew up hearing the preaching of Rev. Thomas Hooker, a religious nonconformist who taught school and preached at St. Mary's Church in Chelmsford. In 1631 and early 1632 members of the Braintree Company sold their property and relocated to London. On June 22, 1632, John White, his wife Mary Levit, and their two children stepped aboard the vessel Lyon in London. The Lyon arrived in Boston Sept. 16, after a calm crossing lasting 12 weeks. The Company first settled at Mount Wollaston but were soon ordered by the Mass Gen Court to relocate to Newtowne. John White settled with his family on a 3/4 acre home lot on Cow Yard Row, near some 30 acres of farmland granted to him as a freeman, which he became March 4, 1633. On Aug 5, John was granted another 3/4 acre near his Cow Yard Row property to be used for a cow yard. At present this is near Gore Hall of Harvard Univ. In Feb 1635, the town selected 7 selectmen, including John White. Hooker's group went to a new town, Hartford, on the Connecticut between Windsor and Wethersfield. White sold his property to Nicholas Danforth of Shepard's Company. White was one of the original proprietors of the new settlement.

    White's property allotment included a home lot on the east side of Cole Street, now Governor Street, about 10 rods south of the Little River, comprising 40 acres of meadow, 10 acres of swamp, and 150 acres of upland at Hockanum, east of the Connecticut River. A neighbor on Cole Street was George Willys, later Governor of CT. The charter oak was on the Willys property. White was a selectman in 1642, 1646, 1651, and 1656. After the division between Elder Goodwin and Rev. Stone, White was a supporter of Elder Goodwin. On April 18, 1659, 60 people agreed to move to Hadley.

    White invested 150 pounds in the Hadley venture. His 8 acre homelot was on the east side of Hadley Street. He was selectman in 1662, 1663, and 1665, and in 1664 and 1669 was Deputy to the General Court in Boston. In 1670, the Second Church was organized in Hartford. White and family returned to Hartford in 1671. He served as Elder of the Second Church from March 28, 1677 until his death in Jan 1683.
    Came over with Rev. Thomas Hooker to Cambridge, Massachusetts. Moved to Hartford and then Hadley. Sailed on the "Lion" 6/22/1632 and arrived in Boston 9/16/1632. His original homelot and cow yard in Cambridge is now occupied by "Gore Hall" the Harvard library. Was a Freeman 3/4/1633, selectman 1635. Moved with Hooker to Hartford 6/1636. Was an original proprietor. His house was in the shadow of the original Hartford "charter oak". Was selectman for Hartford in 1642, 1646, 1651, 1656. After the death of Rev. Hooker in 1647, dissension began in the church between Reverend Stone, the new minister and the members of the church. This continued until April of 1659 when sixty settlers of Hartford, Wethersfield and Windsor signed an agreement to move up the Connecticut River into western Massachusetts and establish the town of Hadley. Elder John's name was fifth on this agreement and he was named to the committee to "lay out lands and highways" and to do other town business. When Hadley was organized, he was chosen as Selectman in 1662, 1663 and 1665. In 1664 and 1669, he served as Deputy to the General Court of Massachusetts, sitting in Boston. He served as Elder in the Church in Hadley until 1670 when dissension in the First Church of Hartford had again divided the membership and a new church of South Hartford was established. John White moved back to Hartford and became a member of South Church under the ministry of Rev. John Whiting. John was chosen Elder of this church and is mentioned in the church records as arbitrator and councilor in church matters.
    [Horrocks]
    ==============================
    The Great Migration Begins
    Sketches
    PRESERVED PURITAN

    JOHN WHITE

    ORIGIN: Messing, Essex
    MIGRATION: 1632 on Lyon [Hotten 150]
    FIRST RESIDENCE: Cambridge
    REMOVES: Hartford 1635, Hadley 1659, Hartford by 1671
    CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Admission to a Massachusetts Bay church prior to 4 March 1632/3 implied by freemanship. He presumably became a member of the church at Cambridge, and retained membership in that church when it moved to Hartford. He would then have become a member of Hadley church when that was formed, and in 1671 was dismissed from Hadley church to the Second Church at Hartford, of which he became ruling elder [Goodwin Anc 2:404-05, citing Second Church records].
    FREEMAN: 4 March 1632/3 [MBCR 1:367].
    EDUCATION: He signed his will by mark. His inventory included "one book" valued at 7s. and "more by books" valued at 17s.
    OFFICES: Surveyor of highways, Cambridge, 3 November 1634 [CaTR 10]; Cambridge selectman, 3 February 1634/5 [CaTR 11].
    Grand jury, 7 December 1654 [RPCC 132]. Jury, 6 April 1643, 6 June 1644, December 1644, 4 September 1645, 2 December 1647, May? 1648, 28 December 1648, 6 September 1649, 5 September 1650, 20 February 1650[/1], 2 December 1652, May 1657, 3 November 1657, 3 June 1658 [RPCC 19, 25, 30, 36, 49, 50, 57, 69, 87, 93, 112, 176, 183, 191]. Coroner's jury, on the body of Henry Stiles, December 1651 [RPCC 106]. Arbiter, 6 June 1644 [RPCC 27].
    Deputy for Hadley to Massachusetts Bay General Court, 3 August 1664, 19 May 1669 [MBCR 4:2:117, 418].
    ESTATE: Granted three roods for cowyard in Cambridge, 5 August 1633 [CaTR 5]; received proportional share of 2 in undivided meadow [CaTR 13]; granted two acres in ground between Charlestown path and common pales, 8 February 1635/6 [CaTR 16].
    In the Cambridge land inventory on 1 May 1635 John White held eleven parcels: one dwelling house in Cowyard Row, three roods; three roods in Cowyard Row; two acres and a half in Old Field; one acre and a rood in Old Field; one acre and a rood in Old Field; one acre on Long Marsh; thirteen acres and a half in the Neck of Land; eleven acres in the Great Marsh; three acres and a rood in the Long Marsh; one acre (and a rood?) in the Ox Marsh; and half a rood in Cowyard Row [CaBOP 4-5].
    On 20 October 1635 John White "of the Newtowne" sold to Nicholas Danforth "those several parcels of land as they are recorded in this book in folio 3" [in other words, the eleven parcels listed immediately above] [CaBOP 36]. On 30 May 1636 John White of "the New Towne upon Quinetucquet River" sold to Nicholas Danforth twelve and a half acres in "Aylwife Meaddow" and two acres in the Ox Pasture [CaBOP 36].
    In the Hartford land inventory in February 1639/40 John White held sixteen parcels: "one parcel on which his dwelling house now standeth with other outhouses, yards, or gardens ... two acres ... part whereof he received in exchange with Mr. Hopkins for part of his houselot"; "one parcel lying in the south meadow ... eleven acres & one rood"; "one parcel lying in the forty acres of meadow & swampe ... nine acres & two roods"; "one parcel lying in the oxpasture ... six acres"; "one parcel lying in the oxpasture ... twenty-seven acres"; "one parcel of meadow lying in Hockanum ... eight acres one rood"; "one parcel lying in the little meadow ... two acres"; "one parcel lying in the little meadow which he bought of Nathaniel Ward ... two acres"; "one parcel lying in the Little Meadow which he bought of Andrew Warnor ... two acres & two roods"; "one parcel of land lying in the forty acres which he bought of Andrew Warnor ... seven acres"; "one parcel of swamp ... ten acres"; "one parcel lying in the Little Meadow ... two acres & two roods ... part whereof he bought of Mr. Webster & another part he bought of John Mode [Moody]"; "one parcel of meadow & swamp ... ten acres ... part whereof he bought of Andrew Warnor"; "one parcel lying in the Little Meadow which he bought of William Pantree .... three acres"; "one parcel lying in the South Meadow which he received of Nathaniel Ward ... one acre"; and "one parcel of upland lying on the east side of the Great River at Hockanum being his division of upland ... one hundred & fifty acres" (annotated "sold to Andrew Warner") [HaBOP 273-76].
    On 4 March 1651/2 the court confirmed the bargain between John White and John Skinner's widow for land [RPCC 108]. In 1659 John White paid some of the highest mill rates in Hartford [HaBOP 497].
    In February 1671[/2] John White paid a modest proportion for the purchase of undivided lands in Hartford [HaBOP 549]. On 30 January 1672[/3] John White drew lot #27 in the lands next to Windsor [HaBOP 552, 565].
    In his will, dated 17 December 1683 and proved 6 March 1683/4, "Mr. John White of Hartford" bequeathed to son Nathaniel 30, movables, and part of "my oxpasture"; to son Daniel White 20; to son Jacob White part of "my oxpasture" and moveables; "I empower my executor to give to my daughter Hixton according to his discretion as he shall see her need calls for"; "and whereas formerly I intended to give one parcel of meadow land in great Ponset to Stephen Taylor, yet now being forced to pay a great sum of money for the redemption of his house & homelot, I now see cause to dispose of that land for payment of that debt, and shall leave it to my executor with the advice of the overseers to give either to him or the rest of my daughter Hixton's children as he shall see cause"; to "my grandchild Stephen Taylor" various moveables; to "Sarah White the daughter of my son Nathanaell" 5; to "the Reverend Mr. John Whiting my honored pastor" 5; residue to be divided "among my grandchildren (viz) Jonathan Gilbert son of my daughter Mary, my son Nathaniell's children, my son John's children, my son Daniell's children & my daughter Sarah['s] children, their sons to have as much more as their daughters"; "my wearing apparel be divided amongst my sons"; "my son Nathaniell White" to be sole executor and "my beloved friends Ensign Nathaniell Stanly and Stephen Hosmer" to be overseers [Hartford PD Case #5928; Goodwin Anc 2:406-07; Manwaring 1:385-86].
    The inventory of the estate of Elder John White deceased 23 January 1683[/4]" totalled 190 9s., of which 48 was real estate: "his lots in the west division," 12; "his oxpasture lying on the east side of the highway leading to Wathersfeld," 18; and "his oxpasture lying on the west side of the highway leading to Wathersfeld" [Hartford PD Case #5928; Manwaring 1:385].
    BIRTH: About 1597, son of Robert and Bridget (Allgar) White of Messing, Essex [NEHGR 55:22-31].
    DEATH: Hartford 23 January 1683/4 (from inventory).
    MARRIAGE: Messing, Essex, 26 December 1622, Mary (Lev)it [NEHGR 55:29]; she apparently predeceased her husband.
    CHILDREN:
    i JOHN, bp. Messing 28 December 1623 [NEHGR 55:29]; no further record.

    ii MARY, bp. Messing 16 July 1626 [NEHGR 55:29]; m. 29 January 1645/6 Jonathan Gilbert [HaVR 606].

    iii PHILIP (daughter), bp. Messing 21 December 1628 [NEHGR 55:29]; no further record.

    iv NATHANIEL, b. say 1630 (sworn for Middletown 1656 [RPCC 174]); m. (1) by 1653 Elizabeth _____ (daughter Elizabeth aged four and a half on 29 March 1658 [WMJ 297, 384]); (2) after 1692 Martha (Coit) Mould, daughter of John Coit and widow of Hugh Mould [Goodwin Anc 2:408; MacDonough-Hackstaff 248-51].

    v JOHN, b. about 1636 (aged twenty-one, November 1657 [WMJ 61]); m. by 1659 Sarah Bunce, daughter of Thomas Bunce (John Winthrop Jr. treated "White, Joh: his wife" on 15 March 1659[/60] and "White, Sarah, about 17 y." on 7 May 1660 [WMJ 425]; on 2 April 1666 he treated "White [blank] widow daughter of Tho[mas] Buns" [WMJ 638]).

    vi DANIEL, b. say 1638; m. Hadley 1 November 1661 Sarah Crow [Pynchon VR 223]

    vii SARAH b. about 1641 (aged sixteen years 17 March 1657/8 [WMJ 94]); m. (1) by about 1664 Stephen Taylor; m. (2) Hadley 15 October 1666 Barnabas Hinsdale [Pynchon VR 223 (bride's name given as "Mary")]; m. (3) Hatfield [blank] February 1678 Walter Hickson [Goodwin Anc 2:409, citing Hatfield VR 1:80].

    viii JACOB, b. Hartford 8 October 1645 [HaBOP 576]; m. by 1669 Elizabeth Bunce (on 8 July 1669 John Winthrop Jr. treated "White, Elis[abeth], wife of Jacob of Hartford" [WMJ 935]; in his undated will (but about 1683) Thomas Bunce bequeathed to "my daughter Elizabeth White" [Manwaring 1:283]).

    ASSOCIATIONS: Three of John White's sisters came to New England with their husbands: Mary, wife of Joseph Loomis; Elizabeth, wife of WILLIAM GOODWIN; and Anne, wife of John Porter [NEHGR 55:22-31].
    COMMENTS: John White may have resided briefly in Middletown [Goodwin Anc 2:402-03].
    On 7 March 1660/1 Connecticut court heard a case of Edward Stebbin and John White as overseers for Mr. Haines's children against John Deming Jr. for debt [RPCC 223].
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In 1901 "A Descendant" published an excellent article on the White family in England, and the connections to other New England immigrants [NEHGR 55:22-31]. In 1915 Frank Farnsworth Starr prepared the best account in print of the immigrant and his children [Goodwin Anc 2:395-419].
    [Great Migration Begins]




    Father: Robert WHITE , Messing yeoman b: 24 Jun 1561 in Shalford, ESS
    Mother: Bridget ALLGAR b: 11 Mar 1561/62 in Shalford, ESS

    Marriage 1 Mary LEVETT , Immigrant b: ABT. 1601 in Shalford, ESS
    • Married: 26 Dec 1622 in Messing, ESS 4
    Children
    1. Has Children Nathaniel {3} WHITE , Immigrant b: 1627-1629 in Shalford, Messing, ESS

    Sources:
    1. Title: "Samuel Richardson and Josiah Ellsworth"
      Author: RICHARDSON, Ruth Ellsworth
      Publication: Privatly published, 1974\ http://​FTM.​genealogy.​com/​_glc_/​3020/
      Note: This book contains the history and genealogy of the Richardson and Ellsworth families of Massacusetts.
      Repository:
      Media: Book
      Page: p.744
    2. Title: "Horrocks, Philips, Winget, Keeler, Clark, Watson, Lockwood, Strong, Gates and ancestors"
      Author: HORROCKS, Lloyd A.
      Publication: http://​WC.​rootsweb.​ancestry.​com/​cgi-bin/​igm.​cgi​?db=HORROCKS
      Repository:
      Media: Electronic
      Text: b. 1602
    3. Title: "Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-33"
      Author: ANDERSON, Robert Charles
      Repository:
      Note: http://www.ancestry.com/search/rectype/immigration/migration/main.htm
      Media: Book
      Text: b. ca. 1597
    4. Title: "Horrocks, Philips, Winget, Keeler, Clark, Watson, Lockwood, Strong, Gates and ancestors"
      Author: HORROCKS, Lloyd A.
      Publication: http://​WC.​rootsweb.​ancestry.​com/​cgi-bin/​igm.​cgi​?db=HORROCKS
      Repository:
      Media: Electronic
    5. Title: The Children of Robert White
      Author: [a descendant]
      Publication: NEHGR 55:22-31 (Jan 1901)
      Note: of Messing, Co. Essex, England, who settled in Hartford and Windsor
      Note: called "excellent" in Great Migration Begins
      Repository:
      Media: Magazine
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