A Deep South Genealogy

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  • ID: I00249
  • Name: Cornelious Smart
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1799 in NC
  • Death: 7 APR 1875 in Pike Co., AL
  • Burial: Beulah Primitive Baptist Church Cemetery, Troy, Pike Co., AL
  • Residence: One record has him living in Beaufort Dist. SC at one time.
  • Military Service: War of 1812
  • Event: Census Federal 22 JUN 1860 Eastern Division, Troy, Pike Co., AL
  • Event: Census Federal 1 JUL 1870 Beat No. 1, Troy, Pike Co., AL
  • Event: Inscribed on headstone Husband of Temperance Smart Aged 83 yrs. Member of Beulah Church 39 Yrs. Deacon 34 yrs. - Asleep in Jesus
  • Note:
    "1840 Federal Census of Pike Co., AL
    20. Cornelious Smart 4 Agriculture
    3 Males 5-10; 3 Males 15-20; 1 Male 40-50; 1 Female 0-5; 1 Female 10-15; 1 Female 40-50; 1 Female 60-70; 1 Female 70-80. 1 Female Slave 10-24. Note: The female who is between the ages of 60-70 maybe Temperance Rushing's mother and the female between the ages of 70-80 maybe Cornelious' mother." (1)
    (1) Researched by Ron Bridges on 7 Jan 2005 at the Alabama Archives.

    Temperance and Cornelius had migrated to Montgomery County and later moved to Pike County and settled on the Blind Jack Road. They joined the Beulah Primitive Baptist Church in Pike Co., AL on 6 February 1836. Cornelious was a deacon for may years and served on committees conducting church business. Both are buried in Beulah Primitive Baptist Church Cemetery, Pike Co., AL.

    "Our old friend Cornelius Smart presented us with the largest apple it has been our good fortune to see this season, and indeed, the largest round apple that we ever saw. It measures one way just 12 inches, and the other 11 inches in circumference. Its weight was 11 ounces. Who can beat it?" (1)
    (1) Independent American, 4 Aug 1858. A newspaper published in Troy, Pike Co., AL: On microfilm located in Alabama Department of Archives & History, Montgomery, AL.

    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    CENSUS YR: 1860 STATE or TERRITORY: AL COUNTY: Pike DIVISION: Eastern Division REEL NO: M653-21 PAGE NO: 203. REFERENCE: Written Page 27 Date: 22 Jun 1860 P. O. Troy
    =================================================================================
    LN HN FN LAST NAME FIRST NAME AGE SEX RACE OCCUP. REAL VAL. PERS VAL. BP
    38 183 183 Smart Cornelius 68 M Farmer 1,000 6,710 South Car
    39 183 183 Smart Temperance 63 F South Car.
    +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

    The following is a copy of a "Deed of Gift" by Cornelius Smart to his children, dated 19 November 1863. This document is recorded in Deed Book M, Page 607 in Pike County Courthouse.

    "This indenture made on this the 29th day of November in the year of Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty three between Cornelius Smart of said state and county of the first part and Eliza M. Amoson wife of Wiley Amoson of Montgomery County and Francis M. Smart of said Montgomery County and Melicha A. Smart, Isabel J. Rainer, wife of Young N. Rainer, William Edward Smart, Henry P. Smart, Caroline T. Snider wife of Zachariah Snider and William Cain Rushing trustee of the infant minor heir of Charles R. Smart deceased, all of the county of Pike and State after said of the second part all of where being parties. Whereforth that the said party of the first part (Cornelius Smart) being destined to distribute and divide between said parties of the second party who are all my children and grandchildren a very large portion of my estate in my lifetime - and a furtherance of this object have determined herefore to sell among my children so as to keep them in my family these negroes with Ranci, Hetty, Mary and her child Selan, Bob, May Anne, Issac, Susan and where even I have sold these negroes to my said children and for them realize the sum of seven thousand five hundred and eighty one dollars in cash and the equivalent and for the purpose of dividing a large portion of my estate among my said children and heirs equitable and family that none of them may and just cause of complaint on hereafter charge me with.
    Among those whom I alike esteem as near and dear to me I do by writing make the following gifts and distribution of the proceeds of said slaves mentioned, now far as in consideration of the love and affection which I this party of the first part, have and ___ toward my son Francis M. Smart I give him in cash the sum of eight hundred and seventy five dollars to my well beloved daughter Eliza M. Amoson wife of Wiley Amoson the sum of eight hundred and seventy five dollars, in cash I give to my other children who reside in this county to with; Isabel J. Rainer wife of Young Rainer, Henry P. Smart, William Edward Smart, Malachi Smart, Caroline T. Snider wife of Zachariah Snider, and to the minor heirs of Charles R. Smart to with Cornelious D. Smart, Francis M. Smart, and Joseph Smart and to William C. Rushing trustee for said minor children of my said son deceased. That is to say I make all my children equal in their receipt from me of the proceeds of sale of my said negroes. Gray hereby the slave which my son Charles R. Smart would have received n his lifetime to his orphan child herein named on to William C. Rushing as their trustee to have and to hold these several sums of money to the sale and separate use benefits - who of forever. In addition to the several gifts herein named, I give in my extreme old age a fatherís blessing to my dear children beseeching them to be content and satisfied with this my testament of my earthly goods, well knowing that as they all alike share my parental affection, they should likewise share in my bounty.



    The Troy Messenger, 15 April 1875

    "Pike County, in the sudden death of Mr. Cornelius Smart on the 7th, lost one of her oldest and most respected citizens. He had reached the ripe old age of four score and five years and was one of the few surviving veterans of the War of 1812. During the late years of his life, he was a Deacon of Beulah Primitive Baptist Church and in all his situations with his fellowmen he exhibited the graces of a Christian character."


    The Beulah Primitive Baptist Church is located on Three-Notch Road in Troy, AL. The Three-Notch Road ran from outside of present day Phenix City, AL to Pensacola, FL. When it was surveyed out, three chops were made in trees to mark the route, thus the name Three Notch. There is a community called Three Notch in Bullock Co. AL that was named after this road. It went on down through Troy, AL; they have a street named Three Notch that was part of the original road. If my memory serves me correctly from what I have read, the road was constucted to be able to move military troops rapidly from Ft. Mitchell, AL to Pensacola, FL. I think it was constructed in the 1820's. Today, just bits and pieces of it remain.

    In the book "One Hunderd Fifty Years in Pike County" , the first chapter, it talks about the Three Notch Trail. This was apparently one of the main roads into Troy. This was in the 1820's. Later it became- South Three Notch and North Three Notch. According to this book this was the starting place for many residences and businesses in Troy. The road is still here and runs through downtown Troy. Reseached by Ron Bridges.

    Information on a Reverend James Smart, Sr. born Oct. 13, 1714 in Prince Orange County VA. married Elizabeth Ledbetter. Moved to Allendale county in SC, established church "Smart's Chapel" later known as Beech Grove Baptist Church. Jame Smart Jr, was a Officer in the South Carolina Milita during the Revolutionary War and was born 1749 died Mar 31, 1818. Grandson Cornelius Smart moved to Montgomery county Al. Then to Pike County Al. He is buried in Pike County (April 7, 1875). Trying to establish family lineage Parents of James Smart Sr. any information would be appreciated. Please reply to samakelly@aol.com

    SMART, Cornelius; Husband of Temperance Smart; Age 83 Years; Member Of Beulah Church 39 Years; Deacon 34 Years; Asleep In Jesus (no dates of birth/death)




    Father: James Smart , Jr. b: 1745 in VA
    Mother: Piety Ledbetter b: 9 DEC 1745 in Anson Co., NC

    Marriage 1 Temperance Rushing b: ABT 1795 in Beaufort District, St. Peters Parish, SC
    • Married: ABT 1816 in SC
    • Note: One source has their marriage 8 MAR 1817 in Beaufort District, SC.
    Children
    1. Has Children Eliza M. Smart b: 21 FEB 1817 in SC
    2. Has Children William Edward Smart b: 1821 in Beaufort District, St. Peters Parish, SC
    3. Has Children Malachi A. Smart b: ABT 1823 in Beaufort District, St. Peters Parish, SC
    4. Has Children Charles Richard Smart b: 1825 in Montgomery Co., AL
    5. Has Children Isabella Jane Smart b: 7 JAN 1825 in SC
    6. Has Children Henry Porter Smart b: 1830 in AL
    7. Has No Children Sefsee Smart b: ABT 1831 in AL
    8. Has Children Francis Marion Smart b: 1832 in AL
    9. Has Children Caroline Temperance Smart b: 25 MAR 1837 in AL

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