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  • ID: I48450
  • Name: King Christian IV of Denmark
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 12 APR 1577 in Frederiksborg Castle, Frederiksborg, Denmark
  • Death: 28 FEB 1648 in Rosenborg
  • Note:

    Christian IV, King of Denmark and Norway from 1588 to 1648, son and successor of King Frederick II. After assuming in 1596 personal rule from a regency, he concentrated on building the navy, industry, and commerce. He rebuilt Oslo and renamed it Christiania. Aroused when King Charles IX of Sweden asserted authority over Lapland, he made war on Sweden (the so-called Kalmar War, 1611 to 1613) and largely dictated the peace. In the Thirty Years War, urged on by England, France, and the Netherlands, he invaded in 1625, Germany to defend Protestantism. Defeated in 1626 by Tilly at Lutter, he was driven back in 1627. Schleswig, Holstein, and Jutland were overrun and plundered; Stralsund was besieged by the imperial troops under Wallenstein. Christian, with the help of King Gustavus II of Sweden, raised the siege of Stralsund, but in 1629 he signed with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II a separate peace that was lenient to Denmark. His anti-Swedish policy brought on a war with Sweden from 1643 to 1645 in which Christian lost the Norwegian provinces of Jamtland and Harjedalen. His son Frederick III succeeded him.

    Father: King Frederik II of Denmark b: 1 JUL 1534 in Haderslevhus, Haderslev, Denmark
    Mother: Princess Sophie of Mecklenburg b: 4 SEP 1557 in Wismar, Mecklenburg

    Marriage 1 Princess Anna of Brandenburg b: 26 JUN 1575 in Halle, Saale
      1. Has No Children Prince Frederik of Denmark b: 15 AUG 1599 in Frederiksborg
      2. Has No Children Prince Christian of Denmark b: 10 APR 1603 in Dresden
      3. Has No Children Princess Sophia of Denmark b: 4 JAN 1605 in Kronborg Palace
      4. Has No Children Princess Elisabeth of Denmark b: 13 MAR 1606 in Copenhagen, Denmark
      5. Has Children King Frederik III of Denmark b: 18 MAR 1609 in Haderslev
      6. Has No Children Prince Ulrich of Denmark b: 2 FEB 1611 in Copenhagen, Denmark

      Marriage 2 Christina Munck b: 6 JUL 1598
        1. Has No Children Princess Anna of Schleswig-Holstein b: 10 AUG 1618 in Frederiksborg
        2. Has No Children Princess Sophie of Schleswig-Holstein b: 20 SEP 1619 in Skanderborg
        3. Has Children Princess Elenora of Schleswig-Holstein b: 8 JUL 1621 in Frederiksborg
        4. Has No Children Count Waldemar of Schleswig-Holstein b: 26 JUL 1622 in Frederiksborg
        5. Has No Children Princess Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein b: 28 DEC 1623 in Kromborg
        6. Has No Children Count Friedrich of Schleswig-Holstein b: 26 APR 1625 in Frederiksborg
        7. Has No Children Princess Christiane of Schleswig-Holstein b: 15 JUL 1626 in Haderslevhuus
        8. Has No Children Princess Hedwig of Schleswig-Holstein b: 15 JUL 1626 in Haderslevhuus
        9. Has No Children Princess Marie of Schleswig-Holstein b: 29 MAY 1628 in Copenhagen, Denmark
        10. Has No Children Princess Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein b: 1 SEP 1629 in Kronborg Palace

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