Caswell County Family Tree

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  • ID: I2484
  • Name: Thomas Graves 1
  • Sex: M
  • Reference Number: 2514
  • Birth: ABT 1740 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia 1
  • Death: BEF 20 APR 1799 in Caswell County, North Carolina
  • MAP:
  • LATI: N36.3948
  • LONG: W79.3357
  • Note:
    Thomas Graves (c.1740 - bef. 20 April 1799)

    It appears that Thomas Graves was a son of John Graves and his first wife, who may have been Catherine or Elizabeth Herndon. Most researchers recognize that Isabella Graves, apparently the second wife of John Graves, was too young to be the mother of possibly four of the children of John Graves.

    Thomas Graves was born about 1740 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, and died by 20 April 1799, when an inventory of his estate was ordered [possibly when it was presented]. The division of land was approved at January Court 1800: 2,497 1/2 acres were allotted to his ten children (five by each wife). Where Thomas Graves was buried is not known.

    He first married [Hannah] Miles about 1770. She was a daughter of Jacob Miles who mentioned his four Graves grandchildren in his will, to wit: Jacob, John, James, and Martha Graves. Thomas secondly married Hannah Simmons, a relative of his first wife. Her father, Thomas Simmons, named Thomas Graves, son-in-law, as executor of his will in 1794. Hannah died testate in 1803.

    The following list of children is not necessarily in order of birth, but rather in order of their drawing for land.

    Children

    1. John Graves, m. Mildred George (or possibly Mary Yancey (#985), 13 Feb. 1794), 9 May 1817 (Pittsylvania Co., Va.).
    2. Jacob Graves, m. Nancy Kimbrough, c. 1793, d. 1826.
    3. James Graves, b.c. 1772, m (1) ______ Wright, m (2) Mary Slade, 15 April 1800, d. 1 July 1826.
    4. Nancy Graves, m. William Moore, 25 Nov. 1799, d. before 1803.
    5. Azariah Graves, b.c. 1787, m. Penelope Simpson, 16 May 1809.
    6. Lewis Graves, m. Elizabeth Williams Graves (#998, according to R-931), 12 Nov. 1818.
    7. Major Graves
    8. Thomas Graves, never married, d. before 1802.
    9. Martha Graves, m. Thomas Gunn, 22 Sept. 1792, d. before 1802.
    10. Isabel Graves, m. William Graves (probably #955), 25 Nov. 1805.

    Source: Graves Family Association

    The following information comes from an article prepared by Katherine Kerr Kendall and published in "The Heritage of Caswell County North Carolina 1985", Jeannine D. Whitlow, Editor, published by the Caswell County Historical Association in cooperation with Hunter Publishing Company, Winston-Salem, NC, 1985:

    Thomas Graves was probably the oldest son of John Graves. Born in Spotsylvania County, Virginia about 1740, Thomas came to North Carolina, then Orange now Caswell County, about 1753 with his father. On the first tax list of 1777, he valued his assets at over 605 pounds. After opening of the state land grant office in 1778, Thomas purchased acres on Red Fork of Country Line Creek, South Fork of same, and on Bear Tree Branch. In 1792, he shared in the estate of his father.

    Thomas was deceased by April 1799, when an inventory was ordered of his estate. The division of land was approved at January Court 1800. He left 2,497 acres of land which was allotted among his ten children.

    Thomas married about 1770, [Hannah] Miles, a daughter of Jacob Miles who mentioned his four Graves grandchildren in his will to wit: Jacob, John, James and Martha Graves. A fifth grandchild, Thomas Graves, Jr., had died.

    About 1782, Thomas married Hannah Simmons, a relative of his first wife and her father, Thomas Simmons, named Thomas Graves "son-in-law" as executor of his will in 1794. The second wife, Hannah, died testate in 1803.

    The land of Thomas Graves was allotted in 1800 to his children, as follows:

    (1) John Graves who married 13 Feb. 1794, his first cousin, Mary Yancey and they moved to Tennessee.
    (2) Jacob Graves who married about 1793 Nancy Kimbrough.
    (3) James Graves
    (4) Nancy Graves who married William Moore.
    (5) Lewis Graves, who married Elizabeth Graves, daughter of General Azariah Graves.
    (6) Azariah Graves, who married May 16, 1809, Penelope Simpson. (Daughter of Aaron Simpson and Charlotte Wiseheart - part of the Caswell County Simpson family
    (7) Major Graves.
    (8) Thomas Graves, Jr. who was dead by 1802, having died without issue.
    (9) Martha Graves married September 22, 1792, Thomas Gunn.
    (10) Isabel Graves who married William Graves 25 Nov. 1805.

    The children listed above are not listed chronologically, but are in order of their drawing for land. The division of the twenty-five slaves of Thomas Graves was approved at July Court 1799. His land adjoined Dr. Lancelot Johnston, Thomas Yancey, Thomas Simmons, Carrols, Thomas and John Kimbrough, the Ridge Path crossing Country Line Creek, French's tract, Alexander Murphey, the widow Browning, Thomas Wiley, John Richmond, and Thomas Shadden. His son Lewis Graves built the old Federal style part of the Thomas Covington home and near the Wiley's and Richmond near Grier's Presbyterian Church."
    _______________

    The estate of Thomas Graves is involved and somewhat confusing. Unclear is whether he had a will or died intestate. While no will has been found, the reference in the following record to "legatees" suggests there was a will. A person who dies intestate does not leave "legatees."

    Caswell County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions
    April Court 1799
    Caswell County Will Book C, Page 387

    Inventory estate of Thomas Graves 20 April 1799 by Azariah Graves administrator. Included twenty-six slaves.

    Source: Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1777-1814, 1784 Tax List and Guardians' Accounts 1794-1819, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1979) at 65.

    Whether this was the court ordering that an inventory be made or the submission of that inventory is uncertain.
    _______________

    Caswell County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions
    July Court 1799
    Caswell County Will Book C, Page 394

    Sale estate of Thomas Graves 16 and 17 May 1799 at his late dwelling house by Solomon Graves, Azariah Graves, and Thomas Gunn, administrators. Sales to: Hannah Graves, Jacob Graves, John Graves, Jun., James Turner, Jun., Thomas Kimbrough, Groves Howard, Thomas Gunn, Jun., Nancy Graves, Thomas Graves, Isbell Graves, Azariah Graves, Jun., John Graves, Sen., James Graves, Solomon Graves, James Turner, Azariah Graves, Sen., Alex Murphey, Richard Bennett, Thomas Yancey, Thomas Morris, Thomas Simmons, James Gunn, John Kimbrough, Jun., John Kimbrough, Sen., Jourdon Whitlow, Milner Bennett, Charles Shanks, Robert Kimbrough, Edmund Harper, John Bruce, Robert Brown.

    Source: Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1777-1814, 1784 Tax List and Guardians' Accounts 1794-1819, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1979) at 65.
    _______________

    Caswell County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions
    July Court 1799
    Caswell County Will Book C, Page 399

    Appraisal and division of negroes belonging to the late Thomas Graves to following legatees: Hannah Graves, widow; Jacob Graves, John Graves, James Graves, Thomas Gunn, Nancy Graves, Thomas Graves, Isbell Graves, Azariah Graves, Lewis Graves, Majah Graves. Each legatee 155 lbs. 18 sh. 2 pence. Two negroes Hannah and Peter not appraised nor alloted on account of being demanded by George Barker. 25 slaves alloted. Div. by John Graves, Alex Murphey, Saml. Morton, Bazzley Graves.

    Source: Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1777-1814, 1784 Tax List and Guardians' Accounts 1794-1819, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1979) at 66.
    _______________

    Caswell County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions
    January Court 1800
    Caswell County Will Book C, Page 428

    Allotment of land of Thomas Graves to said legatees:

    John Graves - land adjacent Dr. Johnston
    Jacob Graves - land adjacent Thomas Yancey, widow's dower, and Mill Creek
    James Graves - adjacent widow's dower and north fork Country Line Creek and Mill Creek
    William Moore - land called Carrols tract
    Azariah Graves - land called Red land fork adjacent Thomas Kimbrough and Country Line Creek
    Major Graves - land called Williams tract at Ridge Path crossing the creek
    Thomas Graves - land called French's tract on North fork of South fork of Country Line Creek adjacent Alex Murphey and Kimbrough's line to small hickory near old Court house Road
    Thomas gunn - land called Joneses Tract adjacent Widow Browning old line along Ridge Path
    Esbel Graves - land called new survey adjacent Alex Murphey, Jno. and Thomas Kimbrough
    Lewis Graves - land called Wiley's Tract adjacent Thomas Wiley, John Richmond, and Shadden's corner, and adjacent John Graves, Jun.

    Division by Alexander Murphey, John Graves, Barzillai Graves. Statement with legatees of Thomas Graves:

    John Graves 214 acres
    Jacob Graves 282 acres
    James Graves 128 acres
    William Moore 183 acres
    Azariah Graves 354 acres
    Lewis Graves 350 acres
    Major Graves 188 acres
    Thomas Graves 210.5 acres
    Thomas Gunn 212 acres
    Esbell Graves 376 acres

    Total acres 2,497.5
    Total value 1552 lbs., 10 sh., 6 pence

    Source: Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1777-1814, 1784 Tax List and Guardians' Accounts 1794-1819, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1979) at 67-68.
    _______________

    The estate of the family of Thomas Graves, wife Hannah Graves, and Thomas Graves, Junior is further confused by the following:

    Caswell County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions
    January Court 1790
    Caswell County Will Book E:

    Page 78. Inventory property of Thomas Graves Jun. at sale held at Hannah Graves on 7 May 1802. Sales to: Isbell Graves, Hannah Graves, Thomas Simmons, John Graves, William Moore, William Kimbrough, Elijah Barton, Absolem Lea, James Graves, Alex Murphey, Daniel Gunn.

    Page 83. Settlement estate of Thomas Graves Sen.

    Page 89. Division of estate of Thomas Graves Sen and Jun. to: Hannah Graves, Jacob Graves, John Graves, James Graves, Thomas gunn, William Moore in right of wife, Isbell Graves, Azariah Graves, Lewis Graves, Major Graves, Thomas Graves Jun. deceased. 6 April 1804.

    Source: Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1777-1814, 1784 Tax List and Guardians' Accounts 1794-1819, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1979) at 92.
    _______________

    Caswell County, North Carolina
    Deed Book M, Page 328-39

    Division of the land of Thomas Graves Jun deceased and also the dower lands of Hannah Graves deceased among legatees of Thomas Graves Sen [?] deceased:

    1. James Graves 89 acres south fork Country Line Creek;
    2. John Graves 66 acres Country Line Creek adjacent John Kimbrough;
    3. Lewis Graves 65 acres adjacent John Kimbrough on Main Road;
    4. Isbell Graves 59 1/2 acres adjacent John Kimbrough;
    5. Azariah Graves 68 acres adjacent John Kimbrough, Alexander Murphey;
    6. William Moore 58 acres;
    7. Thomas gunn 56 1/2 acres adjacent Thomas Yancey;
    8. Jacob Graves 56 1/2 acres adjacent Thomas Yancey and his former line;
    9. Major Graves 53 acres adjacent Jacob Graves, John Graves.

    Commissioners: Alexander Murphey, James Turner, David Gooch, Edmond Browning. Returned to January Court 1803.

    Caswell County North Carolina Deed Books 1777-1817 (1869) at 234.




    Father: John Graves b: ABT 1715 in Virginia
    Mother: Isabella Lea b: 1738 in King and Queen County, Virginia

    Marriage 1 Hannah Miles b: ABT 1750 in Baltimore County, Maryland
    • Married: ABT 1770 in Orange County, North Carolina 2
    Children
    1. Has No Children Thomas Graves Jr. b: ABT 1775
    2. Has Children Martha L. Graves b: 27 DEC 1776 in North Carolina
    3. Has Children James Graves b: 1772
    4. Has Children John Graves Jr. b: ABT 1770 in Orange County, North Carolina
    5. Has Children Jacob Graves b: ABT 1772 in Caswell County, North Carolina

    Marriage 2 Hannah Simmons b: ABT 1750
    • Married: ABT 1782
    Children
    1. Has Children Lewis Graves b: ABT 1788
    2. Has No Children Major Graves b: ABT 1790
    3. Has No Children Isabel Graves b: ABT 1787
    4. Has Children Nancy Graves b: ABT 1782
    5. Has Children Azariah Graves b: 23 JUN 1787 in Caswell County, North Carolina

    Sources:
    1. Details: The Heritage of Caswell County, North Carolina, Jeannine D. Whitlow, Editor (1985) at 241-242 (Article #272, "Thomas Graves" by Katharine Kerr Kendall)
    2. Details: Yadkin County and Caswell County, North Carolina Footnote: Yadkin County and Caswell County, North Carolina
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