Nicholson

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  • ID: I18
  • Name: Joseph NICHOLSON Jr.
  • Surname: NICHOLSON
  • Given Name: Joseph
  • Suffix: Jr.
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 17/28 Feb 1732/1733 in Chestertown, Kent County, Maryland
  • Death: 22/28 Sep 1786 in Centreville, Queen Anne's County, Maryland
  • _UID: A3908F6F9731D5118680EF90A100BA0BCA4C
  • Note:
    1. Joseph Nicholson, Jr.
    (28 Sep 1733 Kent Co., MD - 22 Sep 1786 Queen Anne's Co., MD)

    From: "A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789" by Edward C. Papenfuse et al., The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

    Wife: Married on July 28, 1757, Elizabeth Hopper (1739-1806), sister of Mary Hopper, second wife of his father, Joseph Nicholson.

    Education: Joseph Nicholson, Jr., was a lawyer who probably studied law in Annapolis during the mid-1750s.

    Religion: He was a member of the Anglican Church and held a pew in Chestertown Parish Church, Kent County, in 1772.

    Social Status and Activities: Gentleman by 1770; Esq. By 1776.

    Occupational Profile: Lawyer, admitted to the following courts: Mayor's Court, Annapolis, January 1755; Queen Anne's County, November 1755; Cecil County, by March 1757; Kent County, by November, 1757.

    Public Career: Legislative Service: Conventions, Kent County, 1st, 1774, 4th, 1775, 5th, 1755; Senate, Eastern Shore, Term of 1776-1781; 1777, 1777-1778, 1778-1779, 1779-1780 (did not attend), 1780-1781. Other State Offices: Councils of Safety, Eastern Shore, 4th, 1776, 5th, 1776-1777. Local Offices: Sheriff, Queen Anne's County, 1760-1763; Clerk of Indictments, Cecil County, in office November, 1769; Committee of Correspondence, Queen Anne's County, 1774. Out of State Service: Delegate, Continental Congress, 1777 (elected in December 1777, but did not attend; resigned on December 22, 1777)

    Wealth During Lifetime: Personal Property: assessed value 1,045.0.0, including 15 slaves and 197 oz. Plate, 1783. Land at first election: 95 acres in Kent County and one-half of a lot with house in Chestertown, plus about 275 acres in Queen Anne's County owned jointly with his wife (lot and land in Kent County by purchase and patent, land in Queen Anne's County through his wife as part of inheritance from her grandfather, William Sweatnam). Significant changes in land between first election and death: In further divisions of the Sweatnam land in 1779, Joseph and Elizabeth received title to an additional 290 acres in Queen Anne's County and a one-third interest in 10 additional acres in that county on which there was a grist mill. The grist mill was to be rebuilt and the profits shared equally among Joseph and Elizabeth, Joseph Nicholson, Sr., and wife Mary, and William Charles Neil. Joseph deeded his interest in all Queen Anne's County land (except the mill land) to his wife in 1781. Wealth at death: Will probated on November 11, 1786, in Queen Anne's County. At least 1,375.4.6 current money (including 20 slaves, 3 servants, a spinnet, 238 oz. Silver, 54 law titles valued at 41.4.0, and other books valued at 4.13.4. 94 acres and one-half of 1 lot in Chestertown, Kent County.

    2. Will of Joseph Nicholson, Jr., 14 Aug 1781; 11 Nov 1786.
    "
    In the Name of God Amen. I Joseph Nicholson Junior of Queen Ann's County Attorney at Law bearing in mind the Necessity of settling my temporal concerns do therefore make this my last will & Testament in Manner & Form following, to wit:

    I do give & devise to my loving wife Elizabeth the use of my personal Estate of every kind whatever during her widowhood, for the Purpose of maintaining & supporting & educating my children and at her Death, if she never marries, I do hereby direct & impower my said wife to dispose of the said personal Estate should any part thereof remain, between my children in such Proportion as she may think proper and if my said wife should think it necessary to sell or otherwise dispose of the whole or any part of said personal Estate to answer the Purpose of educating maintaining and supporting my said children I do hereby expressly impower her to do it.

    I do hereby in like Manner give & devise to my said loving wife for the Purpose of educating, supporting & maintaining my said children the use of my real Estate for and during her Widowhood, and after her Death (if she should never marry) I do hereby give & devise the same to my eldest son Joseph & his Heirs & assigns forever - I do hereby appoint my loving wife guardian to my children til they respectively attain their ages provided she never marries & not otherwise.

    I do likewise appoint my said wife whole and sole Executrix of this my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I have here unto subscribed my Name and affixed my Seal this fourteenth Day of August Anno Domini 1781

    Signed Sealed published & declared by J. Nicholson Jr.
    Testator to be his last Will & Testament
    in the Presence of us the Subscribers

    James Earle
    Charles Troup
    Sam. Earle

    On the foregoing Will were the following Endorsements, to wit
    Queen Ann's County Ct --
    the 11th Day of November 1786

    Then came Elizabeth Nicholson Executrix of Joseph Nicholson Jun'r late of Queen Ann's County deceased and made Oath on the Holy Evangels of almighty God that the within Instrument of writing is the true and whole Will and Testament of the said deceased which have come to her hands or Possession and that she doth not know of any other

    Certified ? Clayton Reg'r of Wills for queen Anne County

    Then came Samuel Earle etc, etc.".
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • Change Date: 15 Apr 2008 at 08:15:13



    Father: Joseph NICHOLSON b: 6 Aug 1709 in Anne Arundel County, Maryland c: 18 Oct 1709 in All Hallow's, Anne Arundel County, Maryland
    Mother: Hannah SMITH b: 14 Mar 1708 in Kent County, Maryland

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth HOPPER b: 11/18 Nov 1739 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland
    • Married: 28 Jul 1757
    • Note:
      Marriages and Deathss from The Maryland Gazette

      Nicholson, Mr. Joseph, Jr., attorney-at-law, of Kent Co., and Miss Elizabeth Hopper, a daughter of Major Hopper, of Q.A. Co., were married Thurs. last [July 28]. (Aug. 4, 1757)
    Children
    1. Has Children Esther NICHOLSON b: 1763 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland
    2. Has Children Joseph Hopper NICHOLSON b: 15 May 1770 in Chestertown, Kent County, Maryland
    3. Has Children William Hopper NICHOLSON b: 1772 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland
    4. Has Children Sarah "Sally" NICHOLSON b: 23 Jun 1776 in Centreville, Queen Anne's County, Maryland
    5. Has Children James NICHOLSON b: 12 May 1781 in Centreville, Queen Anne's County, Maryland

    Sources:
    1. Title: A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789
      Author: Edward C. Papenfuse, Alan F. Day, David W. Jordan, and Gregory A. Stiverson
      Publication: The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, 1985
      Text:

      HOPPER, WILLIAM (by 1747-1806). BORN: between 1741 and 1747 in Queen Anne's County; only son. NATIVE: third generation. RESIDED: in Queen Anne's County (later became part of Caroline County) until 1785; Queen Anne's County, 1785 until death. FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: William Hopper (1707-1772). MOTHER: Mary Anne (?-1747), daughter of Thomas Hynson Wright (1688-1747) and wife Mary Turbutt; granddaughter of Solomon Wright (ca. 1655-1717). STEPMOTHER: Sarah Dockery (?-ca. 1775). UNCLE: Thomas Wright (?-ca. 1784). AUNT: Ann Wright (?-by 1754), who married Edward Oldham (1709 - 1773). SISTER: Mary Anne (1742-by 1792), who married second, James Bordley (? - a. 1793). HALF SISTERS: Mary; Elizabeth (1739 - 1806), who married Joseph Nicholson, Jr. (?-1786); Henrietta; Sally (?-1761); and Dorothy. FIRST COUSINS: Samuel Turbutt Wright(1749-1810); Ann Oldham (?-by 1794), who married Joshua Clarke (?-1781); Hannah Oldham (?-1828), who married Nicholas Martin (1743-ca.1808). MARRIED first, by 1769 his first cousin Elizabeth (?-by 1776), daughter of Edward Oldham (1709-1773) and wife Ann Wright (?-by 1754); stepdaughter of Ann Goldsborough (1732-?); granddaughter of John Oldham (?-1729); stepgranddaughter of Nicholas Goldsborough (ca. 1689-1766); niece of Hannah Oldham (1702-1759), who married James Edge (ca. 1710-1757), Mary Anne Wright (?-1747), who married William Hopper(1707-1772), and Thomas Wright (?-ca. 1784); stepniece of Thomas Goldsborough (ca. 1728-1793). Her sisters were Anne (?-by 1794), who married Joshua Clarke(?-1781); Hannah (?-1828), who married Nicholas Martin (1743-ca. 1808); and Mary (7-by 1772). Her first cousins were Samuel Turbutt Wright(1749-1810); Mary Ann Hopper (1742-by 1792), who married second, James Bordley (?-ca. 1793). ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: by 1759 Elizabeth and her sister Anne were living with their aunt Hannah Oldham Edge from whom they inherited the lands of their uncle James Edge(ca. 1710-1757). MARRIED second, on April 17, 1776, Ann, daughter of Daniel Cox. CHILDREN: SONS William (?-1793); Daniel Cox (1777-?), a lawyer by 1807; Thomas Wright (1783-?), a surgeon's mate in the Thirty-eighth Regiment, Maryland Militia in 1808, who married on August 9, 1808, Ann Emory (ca. 1789-1821) Philemon Blake (1791-?), a lawyer, who married first, Rebecca (ca. 1794-1822), and second, on September 2, 1822, Margaret Anne Thomas, and William (a minor in 1807). DAUGHTERS: Sarah (1779-?); Mary (1787-?); and Anna Maria. PRIVATE CAREER EDUCATION: entered the University of Pennsylvania on May 3, 1762, attended until 1765, but did not graduate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican; Methodist by 1794. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Gent., 1767, subscriber to Washington College, Chestertown, Kent County. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: merchant, 1774, in partnership with James Kent (ca. 1738-1805); farmer, 1795. PUBLIC CAREER LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Convention, Caroline County, 5th, 1775; Lower House, Caroline County, 1780 (elected, but did not attend; resigned on November 1, 1780), 1781-1782, 1782 - 1783, 1783. LOCAL OFFICES: St. Paul's Parish Vestry, Queen Anne's County, in office 1771-1774; justice, Queen Anne's County, commissioned 1773 and 1794; Committee of Correspondence, Caroline County, elected 1774; sheriff, Caroline County, commissioned 1774, 1775, 1777, and 1778; trustee for the poor, Queen Anne's County, 1801 - 1805. MILITARY SERVICE: captain Caroline County Militia, by 1777, colonel, by 1806. Criticized by Col. Mordecai Gist in a letter to Gov. Thomas Johnson after the Battle of Germantown in 1777 in which Hopper was said to have been attacked "with qualms of sickness" that forced him to leave his regiment when under attack. WEALTH DURING LIFE TIME. PERSONAL PROPERTY: assessed value 1,015.0.0 current money, including 20 slaves 1783; at least 21 slaves, 1803. Declared insolvent in 1788, at which time his personal property included 59 slaves and 86 oz. plate; he was able to repurchase 21 of these slaves in 1803. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: at least 3,167 acres in Queen Anne's, Talbot, and Caroline counties (at least 1,028 acres inherited from his father; 1,877 acres through his first marriage, at least 1,297 acres of which was given to his wife in 1759 by her aunt Hannah Edge, widow of James Edge; and one-third share of 786 acres held in partnership with John Markland and John Brown). SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH: obtained 1,713 acres through his second marriage, 1776; charged with 4,246 acres in Queen Anne's, Talbot, and Caroline counties, 1783; turned at least 4,753 acres over to trustees when he declared insolvency 1788; repurchased ca. 3,400 acres, 1803. WEALTH AT DEATH: Died: in late November 1806 in Queen Anne?s County; size of estate unknown.
    2. Title: Will of William Hopper in 1772 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland at MD State Archives
      Publication: Maryland Calendar of Wills, Vol. 14, p. 218
      Text:

      5 Feb 1772
      15 May 1772
      Children: William, Mary Nicholson, Elizabeth Nicholson, Mary Ann Bordley, Dorothy Hutchings.
      Servant: Ruth Spry
      Grandsons: William Hopper Blake, Joseph Hopper Nicholson, Joseph Haslet.
      Grandau: Mary Nicholson.
      Big family portrait to son William.
      Codicil dated 18 Mar 1772
      Ex: son William and son-in-law James Bordley.
      Wit: William Malliston, nephew Edward Emory and Mathew Shepard
    3. Title: Will of Joseph Nicholson, 1787, Kent County, Maryland
      Publication: Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
      Text:

      In the Name of God Amen I Joseph Nicholson of Kent County in the province of Maryland being of perfect & disposing mind and memory do ordain constitute direct appoint this to be my last Will & Testament hereby revoking all former Wills by me made.

      Inprimis (?) I give and bequeath to my wife Mary Nicholson in lieu and Effectual bar of her Dower or thirds of my Estate (for and during her Widowhood only) all the Negroes & their Increase all the Stock in kind and Quallity as by me received from her Fathers Estate, and Likewise the Sum of Four Hundred & seventy pounds common money, and also two Negro women named Bett and Dark & their Increase and the House and Lott wherein I now live, and upon her Death or future marriage, I give and bequeath the Negroes, Stock, and money afd unto my two Children Joseph Nicholson and Henrietta Nicholson (Children by my wife Mary) and the issue of their bodies lawfully begotten, and in case they Dye before they arrive (my son Joseph) to the age of twenty one years and my Daughter Henrietta to the age of Sixteen or any of marriage then over to the issue of my son Joseph Nicholson (by my first wife Hannah) and his wife Elizabeth by them to be begotten, Equally to be divided per capita or by the head.

      My will, desire is that in case my wife does not stand to this my Will and accept the Devise afd as an Effectual bar of her Dower of my Estate then, in such case, all my Estate shall be divided between my children by my first Wife Hannah Nicholson.

      I devise to my son Joseph Nicholson and his heirs (upon the death or coverture of my wife) the House and Lott wherein I now live, he paying unto my other children the sum of Six Hundred pounds in Spanish Dollars at Seven Shillings & six pence each or half ?? at three pound each, or any passing current money equal to Gold, silver at the Denominations afd, within ?? twelve months after Limitations shall take effect, equally to be divided between them, and in case he should not think this proper to accept of the House & Lott afd or the terms afd, my Will is that my said son or his Executors shall ? The same to publick sale, and the money therefrom arising to be equally between my Children by my first Wife.

      I give and bequeath to my said son Joseph Nicholson and his Heirs forever part of a tract of Land Called Stepney Heath, and also one other tract of Land called Berwick both joining and lying in ?? in Kent County, for paying unto my other children by my first wife the sum of Ten Thousand five Hundred pounds in Spanish milled Dollars at Seven Shillings & six pence each, or half ? At three pounds each, or any passing current money equal to Gold, Silver at the Denominations ads, equally to be divided between them within two years after my death, and in case he does not ? to accept of the Lands afd on the Terms afd, then in such case my Will Desire and Intention is that my next eldest son then living Shall have them on the Terms afd and devised to my son Joseph afd, and in case of his refusal my Will is that each of my sons according to seniority shall have the Refusal of these in manner and for as afd, and in case all of them refuse them, that I devise them to my Executor to be set up at publick sale, he giving reasonable notice, and that the money there from arising shall Equally be divided between my Children by my first wife.

      My Will & Desire is that all my personal Estate undisposed of, be equally divided between my Children by my first Wife, and my intention in this and all the devises afd is that in case any of my Children should Dye before me, that their Representatives shall have the portion so left to them respectively.

      I give unto my son James Nicholson and his Heirs forever my Water Lott lying in Chester Town.

      Whereas by the fifth article in this my Will I have devised away all the Residue of my personal Estate, But my Intention is that my wife shall have my Carriage and Horses.

      My Will & Desire is that my Stock of Negroes, Cattle, Horses, Hoggs & Sheep shall be put into Lotts and equally divided among my Children by my first wife, by my Executor, the Negroes before Specifically devised Excepted.

      Whereas by the general ? of my Children by my first wife with the several devises afd, my Daughter Elizabeth Gordon is included, now my Will Intention and meaning is, in case her husband Charles Gordon should survive me, that then that sum or sums of money that would be her proportion of my Estate so Devised, shall be by my Executor put out to Interest for her use during her Coverture, with her said Husband, and upon his death in case she survive him, that then it be hers at her free and full Disposal. But in case he should survive her I devise the proportion afd unto her Children that should be living at the time of her Death, equally to be divided between them.

      Lastly I nominate constitute and appoint my living Wife Mary Nicholson my whole & Sole Executrix of this my Last Will and Testimony. I witness whereof I have here unto set my Hand and Seal this 15th Day of July 17??.

      As a Codicil to this my last Will and Testament my will and desire is that all the Negroes, Stock of Horses, Cattle, sheep, Hoggs, plate and Household Furnitures that I got by the death of Wm Hopper shall devise after my death to my wife Mary Nicholson and the Negroes and their Increase I got with her at my marriage as also a Negro girl named Mary that was given to My Daughter Mary by her grand father Wm Hopper and her Increase, and the plate that was marked with my Daughter Mary?s name, as also one Hundred twenty ? wheat. In Witness whereof I have here unto set my Hand and Seal this sixth day of May 1787
    4. Title: Will of Mary (Hopper) Nicholson, 1798, Queen Anne's County, Maryland
      Publication: Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
    5. Title: Will of Elizabeth Hopper in 1806 in Queen Anne's County, Marylnad in MD State Archives
    6. Title: Nicholson - being a compilation of Family Trees of Nicolson-Nicholson
      Author: Rev'd Nigel Nicholson
      Publication: Nicholson Family Library, The Rectory, Cranleigh, Surrey, England 1996
    7. Title: Will of Joseph Nicholson, Jr.
      Publication: 14 Aug 1781; 11 Nov 1786
      Text:
      In the Name of God Amen. I Joseph Nicholson Junior of Queen Ann's County Attorney at Law bearing in mind the Necessity of settling my temporal concerns do therefore make this my last will & Testament in Manner & Form following, to wit:

      I do give & devise to my loving wife Elizabeth the use of my personal Estate of every kind whatever during her widowhood, for the Purpose of maintaining & supporting & educating my children and at her Death, if she never marries, I do hereby direct & impower my said wife to dispose of the said personal Estate should any part thereof remain, between my children in such Proportion as she may think proper and if my said wife should think it necessary to sell or otherwise dispose of the whole or any part of said personal Estate to answer the Purpose of educating maintaining and supporting my said children I do hereby expressly impower her to do it.

      I do hereby in like Manner give & devise to my said loving wife for the Purpose of educating, supporting & maintaining my said children the use of my real Estate for and during her Widowhood, and after her Death (if she should never marry) I do hereby give & devise the same to my eldest son Joseph & his Heirs & assigns forever - I do hereby appoint my loving wife guardian to my children til they respectively attain their ages provided she never marries & not otherwise.

      I do likewise appoint my said wife whole and sole Executrix of this my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I have here unto subscribed my Name and affixed my Seal this fourteenth Day of August Anno Domini 1781

      Signed Sealed published & declared by J. Nicholson Jr.
      Testator to be his last Will & Testament
      in the Presence of us the Subscribers

      James Earle
      Charles Troup
      Sam. Earle

      On the foregoing Will were the following Endorsements, to wit
      Queen Ann's County Ct --
      the 11th Day of November 1786

      Then came Elizabeth Nicholson Executrix of Joseph Nicholson Jun'r late of Queen Ann's County deceased and made Oath on the Holy Evangels of almighty God that the within Instrument of writing is the true and whole Will and Testament of the said deceased which have come to her hands or Possession and that she doth not know of any other

      Certified ? Clayton Reg'r of Wills for queen Anne County

      Then came Samuel Earle etc, etc.
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