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  • ID: I121
  • Name: William Anderson
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: BET 1690 AND 1693 in Highlands of Scotland
  • Death: BEF 9 APR 1794 in Anderson's Bottom, Hampshire, VA
  • Probate: 9 APR 1794 1
  • Will: 10 SEP 1786 1
  • Note: 2 3
    Wm Anderson of Anderson's Bottom vs. Wm Anderson of Crooked Run.

    "Early Records, Hamphire County Virginia" has five deeds for a William Anderson of Hampshire Co.

    Three of them are clearly the same man, who appears to not be our William Anderson, but a different man who owns property on North River and Crooked run along the road from Winchester to Romney. His wife was named Margaret and he has a relative Thomas Anderson of Washington County.

    A fourth, listed as "Wm., Sr." grants land to his son Thomas consisting of 187 acres in VA and 52 acres in Allegany Co., MD. It is dated May 18, 1791, and was recorded Oct 13, 1791. Joseph and Asa Mounts are witnesses as is another William Anderson. This could be Thomas's son William. "Wm., Sr." is pretty clearly our William, and this proerty Anderson's Bottom.

    In the fifth deed, a William deeds 100 acres on New Creek to John Baker in 1772. This William's wife's name is Rachel. Our William's first wife was also supposedly named Rachel--She has been cited as "Rachel Mary Lauren" by some. Alternatively, she could be "Rachel Elswick", though to date this connection is highly speculative.

    A William Anderson is also listed as the grantee of 100 acres in an unspecified part of Hampshire County in 1764. The grantor is William Smith. Both of these 2 100 acre leases are listed as "(lease and release)". Could they be the same property?

    According to "Hampshire & Hardy Counties, (W)VA Abstracts", the land leased to Baker WAS originally granted to Smith.

    A further connection exists between John Baker aond our William. The property just south of Anderson's Bottom (originally referred to as "Lot 11) belonged to a John Baker in 1790.

    The 1782 and 1784 census records seem to confirm that the Anderson's Bottom and Crooked Run Williams are different men. The 1782 list of Simon Taylor lists a William Anderson, and the very next entry is John Hagarty, who owns property abutting one of Anderson's Crooked Run properies and who helped survey the other. This list also includes a number of people who lived in Romney, which is not far from Crooked Run. Both William Anderson and John "Hogarty" appear on Elias Poston's 1784 list.

    Another William Anderson appears in Okey Johnson's list in both the 1782 and and 1784 censuses. In both lists Thomas and William Anderson appear on adjacent lines and only two or three lines away from both John House and Edmond Martin. The 1791 and 1793 plats of Thomas Anderson's property, which I have identified as Anderson's Bottom list his neighbor to the north a "Col. Martin" and Thomas's son James marries John House's daughter Priscilla in 1796. This pretty much identifies the Okey Johnson William Anderson as ours.

    There are also two William Anderson wills listed in "Early Records". The first, dated 1786 and proven in 1794 or 1796 is our William Anderson, listing his children and witnessed by John House. The second, dated 1810 and proven 1815 lists his wife's name as Margaret, tying him to the Crooked Run William, and says that he has no children. A John Anderson was appointed executor after Margaret refused and the first executor died.

    -------

    Our William's second wife--Miss Barnett--has been called "Margaret Barnett" by some. I believe, given the foregoing, that this is due to confusing the Crooked Run William with ours. All the family letters tell us was that her surname was Barnett, and a William Anderson of Hampshire county is documented as having a wife named Margarett, so one or more researchers confounded the two.

    Harland Bernard makes a more believeable case that our Miss Barnett is Mena/Mene/Mainy Barnet/Barnard, widow of Nathaniel Barnard, who married a man named Anderson some time after 1784. Nathaniel and Mena lived on New Creek, and after our William's death she lived in Cresaptown, tying her to both locations cited here as associated with our William.
  • Date: 12 Dec 2007
  • Note:
    Many sources (in cluding me, until recently) give William Anderson's death date as 1797, and his age at death as 104. This appears to be based on the letters of John Anderson (which see). His will, however, went into probate on April 9, 1794, and so he must have died earlier.

    That this is his will and not some other William Anderson is evidenced by the names of his children and the fact that John House along with his son Thomas was a witness to the proving of the will.

    I don't know if the 104 was based on a birth year of 1693 or the year was calculated from his age. I'm therefore listing the birth as a range.
  • Date: 4 Sep 2002
  • Note: 2
    Hampshire Co [W]Va Deed Book 3

    The numbers in the left hand column are the document numbers in the courthouse ledger.


    101 10 NOV 1772; William ANDERSON and wife Rachel ANDERSON to John BAKER, 100 acres for ?ü?30 on New Creek a mile above Abrahams cabin. Land originally granted to William SMITH and he to said ANDERSON. Lease and release.Page: 48
  • Date: 22 Jun 2006
  • 4 5 6 7 8 1
  • RELA: John House was a witness to the proving of William's will
  • RELA: Could these be the same individual?
  • RELA: Could these be the same man?
  • RELA: Not the same man 3
  • _LOG:
  • Change Date: 12 Dec 2007 at 10:40:25



    Marriage 1 Rachel b: in ,, Scotland
    • Married: Y 9 6 1
    • Change Date: 20 Jul 2002
    Children
    1. Has Children (Capt.) Thomas Anderson b: 1733 in Andersons Bottom, Hampshire, VA
    2. Has Children Nancy Anderson b: ABT 1745 in Anderson's Bottom, Hampshire, Virginia
    3. Has No Children William Anderson
    4. Has No Children Rachel Anderson
    5. Has No Children Sarah Anderson
    6. Has No Children Catherine Anderson
    7. Has No Children Hannah Anderson

    Marriage 2 _____ Barnett?
    • Married: ABT 1774
    • Change Date: 10 Dec 2007

    Sources:
    1. Title: William Anderson's Will
      Text: In the name of God Amen, I William Anderson of Hampshire County and State of Virginia Farmer, being very weak in body, but of perfect mind memory and understanding and mindful of my Mortality do this tenth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty six, make and publish this my last will and testament [illegible] following. First I resign my Soul into the hands of Almighty God, hoping and believing a remission of my Sins by the merits and mediation of Jesus Christ. And my Body I commit to the Earth and desire to be decently and privately Buried at the discretion of of my Executor and my Worldly Estate I give and devest as follows -

      First, I give and bequeath to my Dear beloved wife all my moveable or Personal Estate _ Consisting of one Horse cows, Calves and Hogs, to her and for her own proper use forever _ also all my household furniture to her for ever, also I give and bequeath to her for and during her Natural Life my now dwelling house, out houses and all other appurtenances thereunto belonging One fourth of the orchard and its profits, my Lower Meadow and one field adjoining my upper meadow containing ten acres of tillable land to and for her own use during her Natural Life_

      Next I give and bequeath to my five Daughters, namely Nancy, Rachel, Sarah, Catherine and Hannah, Each One Shilling Sterling. And Lastly I Constitute, Ordain, make and appoint My Only Son Thomas Anderson my Sole Executor of this my Last Will and Testament all and Singular my Lands Messuages and Tenements by him to be possessed and my [illegible] before him [illegible] revoke and dissanull all and every other testaments, wills, legacies and Bequests whatsoever by me in any ways before willed or bequeathed Ratifying and Confirming this and no other to be my last Will and Testament in Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal the day and Year written

      declared by the Testator as and for his last will and Testament in the presence of us who at his request in his presence and in the presence of each other have Subscribed our names as witness thereto -
      Evan Gwynns
      Henry Hains
      Arthur do Ohara

      At a Court held for Hampshire County the 9th day of April 1794, This last will and Testament of William Anderson deceased was proved by the oath of Arthur OHarra one of the witnesses thereto and on the motion of Thomas Anderson the Executor therein named certificate is granted him for obtaining aprobate thereof in due form he having taken the oath of an executor and together with Arthur Oharra and John House his Securities entered into and Acknowledged a Bond in the penalty of three hundred pounds Conditioned as the Law directs And at a Court held for the said County the 11th day of June [then nigh] following the said will was further proved by the oath of Evan Gwynne another Witness thereto and is ordered to be recorded
      Test

      AndWodrow
      Date: 20 Jul 2002
    2. Title: Hampshire & Hardy Counties, (W)VA Abstracts
      Author: Larry G. Shuch
      Date: 22 Jun 2006
    3. Title: Email from Harland Bernard, Dec 10, 2007
      Abbrev: Harland Bernard's email
      Text: From: Harland Bernard
      To: Jim Burrows
      Sent: Monday, December 10, 2007 11:52 PM
      Subject: Re: [Fwd: WVMINERA William+Rachel Anderson New Creek property/John Baker/Wm Smith]

      Jim
       
      See attachment.
      From "Pioneers of Old Monocacy - The Early Settlement of Frederick County, Md  1721-1743"
      Leases -  Index of property leased from Lord Baltimore at Woodsboro, Frederick Co. Md - Page 323
      Plat of property - Lot No. 49.......90 Acres.
      Nathaniel - hand written will. (See Frederick County Wills, page 86; and Book 41, page 467)
      Nathaniel - Typed Copy
      *******************
      Mena Barnard - Land Records, Hampshire Co. VA
      Note: The Court House at Romney WV was burnt during the Civil War so the records in the book "Early Records Hampshire County Virginia, now West Virginia" Sage and Jones; Genealogical Publishing Co, 1939" is all that is available.
       
      Mena Barnard Land Records - Hampshire County, Virginia now Mineral County, West Virginia:
      Source:  "Early Records Hampshire County Virginia, now West Virginia" Sage and Jones; Genealogical Publishing Co, 1939, Pages 46 & 64: Deed Transfers, Year 1780, Moses Pigman of Hampshire County to Mena Barnard of Hampshire County  -  146 acres on New Creek; Recorded November 12 1782, Witness - None
       
      Source:  "Early Records Hampshire County Virginia, now West Virginia" Sage and Jones; Genealogical Publishing Co, 1939, Page 1; Alphabetical Index of Deeds, Leases, Mortgages and Other Instruments: Year 1797, Mena Anderson of Hampshire County to Michael Fout of Hampshire County - 146 acres on New Creek; Recorded October 16, 1797, Witness: James Clark, James O'Hara, Notley Barnard, John Jones, Sr. [Mena Barnard, married William Anderson a widower sometime after 1784 and sold her 146 acre property after his death in 1794]
      *************************
      Mena Barnet/Barnard - Enumerations in 1782 and 1784 Hampshire County, VA (Note: these enumerations are used as the 1790 census for Hampshire Co. were burnt in Washington, DC)
      Note, Source:  "Early Records Hampshire County Virginia, now West Virginia" Sage and Jones; Genealogical Publishing Co, 1939, page 89, Census 1782-1784, Mainy (or Mene) Barnet; Family of (7), WV (William Vause-Justice "5-2 location")
       
      In the Enumeration of the Year 1784, Ismena "Mena" Barnard's name is spelled "Mene Barnet" head of a family of (5) whites.  Note that when Nathaniel's Inventories, etc, were recorded May 16. 1777 his last name was spelled as Barnet, so Mene was using that spelling here.
       
      Hope this is of some help to you.....Have you ever been to Anderson Bottom? I have to believe that Mena is buried there and may have died there abt. 1805.  I found a bill of Sale in 1805,  Allegany County, Md in which Notley Barnett (of Cresaptown) sold some hogs, horse harness, a couple of stills, etc. and I have to wonder if this may have been personal estate of Mena, as the Anderson Bottom property was sold in Feb. 1806.  Mena appears to be living with Notley across the river in Cresaptown in 1800. Notley Barnett was residing several doors from Daniel Collin (Daniel purchased Anderson Bottom) at Anderson Bottom, Hampshire County, Virginia Now Mineral County, West Virginia at the time of the 1810 Federal Census and his mother may have been still living at this time, although she is not listed in Notley's household.
       
      Jim, note this family used the spelling of Barnard, Barnet, Barnett, Bernard, and I have also found Burnett.
       
      Any question and additions that you may have are welcome...
       
      Harland
      Date: 12 Dec 2007
    4. Title: Letter from John Anderson to James H. Anderson of Columbus, Ohio
      Abbrev: John Anderson 1886 letter
      Author: John Anderson
      Repository:
        Name: Jim & Selma Burrows
        Note: We have a small number of family history books collected by my mother and me over the years. Occassionally they are at her house rather than mine. /s/ JLB
        Date: 22 Sep 1999
        Date: 22 Sep 1999

      Text: Letter from John Anderson to James H. Anderson of Columbus, Ohio.

      Marion, Ohio, Oct. 26, 1886.
      Mr. J. H. Anderson, Columbus, Ohio.

      My Dear Nephew:--

      I now undertake to give you some account of my ancestors. My Great-grandfather, William Anderson, was born in Scotland, in the year 1693 and died in Virginia in 1797. He was a friend of the Stuart dynasty, and joined the standard of Prince James, the Pretender, (as he was styled by some) son of James II, the deposed King of England.

      After the rising in 1715, he fled into England where he tarried awhile, and then made his way in disguise, I am told, to Virginia, where he had relatives. He went up the Potomac river till he came to a beautiful and fertile valley, or bottom, on the North Branch, and here he decided to settle. It has ever since been called the Anderson Bottom, and was afterward included within the boundaries of Hampshire County, Virginia. That was then a wild region, inhabited mainly by Indians, but there were a few French, and probably a few British subjects west of William Anderson's new home.

      He was strong and brave, and helped to protect the frontier settlements from murderous Indian foes. In "Braddock's defeat" (Braddock's engagement with the French and Indians near Fort Duquense) though beaten he fought bravely.

      He was the father of four children, two boys and two girls. One of his sons, William, was killed by the Indians in the mountains near home. One of his daughters married Captain William Henshaw, of Berkley County, Virginia, whose plantation was near Bunker Hill, on Mill Creek.

      I have forgotten the name of the husband of the other daughter, although I have often heard it. (In a subsequent letter he says her name was Sarah and that she married a Mr. Wilkins.)

      As he, William Anderson, was 104 years old at the time of his death he was a little childish, but at 80 he was as strong and active as ever. He brought a large amount of gold from Scotland, or it was afterward sent to him, and he was known to possess a great deal when he died, but after his death it could never be found.

      My father often saw it and believed it had been stolen during his last sickness or put away by him with too much care. He was opposed to the marriage of his daughter to Capt. Henshaw on account of his poverty; but the Captain afterward inherited a fine English fortune--he was an Englishman by birth--and became wealthy and prominent.

      I have forgotten the name of William Anderson's first wife--the mother of his children. The name of his second wife was Barnett, to whom he was married at the age of 80. He was a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

      Thomas Anderson, his son, was born in 1733, and died in 1808. He often aided in thwarting the Indians, and in resisting their forays. He fought during the entire Revolution, as an officer, either on the frontier against the Indians, or farther east against the British.

      He was at Yorktown, in command of his Company under Washington, at the surrender of Lord Cornwallis. His highest rank during the Revolution was Captain. He never knew fear, and in fighting the Indians ran some great risks, and made many narrow escapes. I have a distinct recollection of his appearance. He looked like my brother, Thomas James, your father. He was a member of the same church as his father; was an honest man and a good citizen, and like all the family, of whom I have any account, always paid his just debts. He was a true patriot, and had he been more ambitious might have risen higher during the Revolution.

      His wife was a Miss Bruce, of Virginia, by whom he had seven sons and four daughters. The sons were William, James, John, Jonathan, Joseph, Abner, and George. The daughters were Margaret, Rachel, Elizabeth, and Nancy.

      William and Joseph died (soldiers) in the war of 1812. Joseph was a single man, William left a wife, three sons and one daughter. William's sons were Hiram Joseph, and William. The daughter became the wife of my brother Levi.

      John married and settled in southern Indiana, when I was a mere boy, and reared a family of children. Jonathan and Abner never married. George died in his youth. Margaret married Joseph Critchfield, at the old homestead in Virginia; Rachel married William Eagle, who afterward settled in Wayne County, Ohio. Elizabeth married Thomas Eagle, nephew of William Eagle, and they settled in the neighborhood. Nancy never married.

      My father was James Anderson, second son of Capt. Thomas Anderson. He was born February 17th 1768, where his father was born, on the Anderson Bottom, in Hampshire County, Va. He died October 24th, 1844. He entered the Cavalry service as a Second Lieutenant, or more properly speaking, Ensign; aided in putting down the Whisky Insurrection, and afterwards served under Gen. Anthony Wayne, until his (Wayne's) death, in December, 1796. He was a gallant and meritorious officer, and for meritorious service and gallantry was made a Captain.

      I have seen his three commissions, that of Ensign, Lieutenant, and Captain. He was a member of the church of his ancestors until he settled in Ohio, and then became a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church simply because there was no Episcopal Church in his neighborhood. He removed to Fairfield County, Ohio in 1806 and settled on his farm there on the 7th day of April the same year.

      He was united in marriage in Virginia to Miss Priscilla House, by whom he had eleven children, ten of whom grew up and married. They were Levi Henshaw, Thomas Jefferson, John and Mahala (born on the old place in Virginia) and Elizabeth, James Madison, Ruth, Rebecca, Hiram and Priscilla, born in Ohio.

      My mother (Priscilla House), the wife of Capt. James Anderson, died on the 7th day of August, 1847, seventy years of age. My father was an upright citizen and a soldier of undaunted courage.

      I was married to Miss Martha Roult, the 20th day of January, 1829, in Hocking County, Ohio, on her father's farm, which was near my father's farm. We had nine children, Francis Marion, Minerva Jane, Charles Wesley, Thomas James, John Milton, Susan Ruth, Levi Roult, Ellen and Margaret.

      You are the last of your father's house, I am old and will soon pass away. I was born the 4th day of March, 1803, at our Ancestral home in Virginia and hence will be 84 on the 4th day of March, next.

      My father's family Bible which I have not in my possession, would give you the dates and items of importance which I do not recall. My brother James, has told you where it can probably be found. My father was a mathematician and engineer, and in addition to his other military duties he superintended the construction of most of Wayne's forts.

      Your affectionate Uncle, John Anderson

      The writer of the above genealogy of the Anderson family died January 3rd, 1888, aged 84 years and 10 months. He first came to Marion, Ohio, in 1826. He then paid a visit to his brother the late Judge T. J. Anderson. While on that visit he went to Upper Sandusky, Ohio, to see the Wyandot Indians. He removed to Marion County and settled on the farm near Marion which he owned at his death.
      Date: 9 Mar 2002
      Quality: 2
    5. Title: E-Mail from John Philips, 4 Sep 2000
      Abbrev: John Philips e-mail
      Author: John Chase Philips
      Text: From: John Philips
      Date: Mon, 4 Sep 2000 14:20:33 -0700 (PDT)
      To: brons@eldacur.com
      Subject: Our James Anderson

      Jim:
      I just got your note, thanks I like to know when my mailing get where they they are spposed to go. Don't send back what I send you, it's all copies.

      Yes, James' son Thomas J. married Nancy Dunlevy more on her below.

      I have info for your descendants of William:

      William's first wife and the mother of his children was Rachel Mary Lauren. Only know she was born in Scotland but certain she did not come to Maryland with him.

      Their son William was killed by indians.
      William opposed marriage of Agnes to Capt. Wm. Henshaw. Their family left quite a legacy in Virginia and West Va.
      Sara's husband has been identified as a mountain man.
      Thomas Jeferson Anderson
      m 8/7/1825
      d 1/25/1871
      Children:
      James House who left children and Annie, Cora, Clay & Virgil who left no children.

      James House Anderson
      b 3/16/1833
      m 6/20/1856
      d June 1912
      Married Princess Amanda Miller d of David and Sarah Bent Miller.
      Children:
      Mary Princess m Prof. Ed. Orton Jr. no children
      James Thomas* m Helen Bagley d of Gov. John J. and Frances Newberry. One d who never m.
      Charles F. * m Minerva Ann Flowers d of Ruffin and Elizabeth Rice
      Amelle Ellen and Alice Florence who both died as young unwed ladies.

      * James and Charles were born at the U.S. consulate in Hamburg, Grand Dutchy of Mecklinburg Schwerin where their father was consulate.

      Charles F.
      b 3/23/1864
      m 6/20/1893
      d about 1910
      Children:
      Mary Princess born 7/3/1899 still living in Berlin, Md. m Wm. S. Crooks.
      One d. Joan who has two children and three g children.
      Borothy Burton born 6/8/1902 m Harold Kames Philips about 1924, d 2/21/1998
      Children:
      Ann Marie b oct 1925 d 1981.
      Several husbands and children.
      John Chase Philips
      James H Anderson never m
      William F. m ??? one son Wm. Jr. m Margaret Clark one d Sandra

      John C. Philips b 4/1/1930 m Nancy Surgis nov 1956
      Children:
      Netta J m D. Conrad Dudly two children Chase and Joshua.
      James Anderson m Lydia Whittlesey two
      children Nicholas and Christopher.
      H Victor m Teresa Shirah two children Jared and Christopher.

      Minerva Ann Flowers family traces to 1542 in England. Shiprights and
      Mariners. First in America 1646.
      Mothers side early pioneers in Kentucky from Virginia.

      Nancy Dunlevy d of James and Hannah Rabb. Dunlevys traced back to 950 AD in northwestern Ireland. Minor royality deposed by John DeCorsey in 11th cent.
      G father Andrew Scotch-Irish.

      All traces that have been found preceed Am. Rev. most fought in Fr. Ind. wars in n.e. and Ft. Dusquane. Arrived in Va., Md., Pa., & Ma.

      My name is PHILIPS.
      I have a fairly long history if you are interested. Might have to mail some as there are a lot of limitations to webtv.net

      John
      Date: 9 Apr 2002
    6. Title: American Ancestry
      Text: AMERICAN ANCESTRY, VOL.? p. 15; 1899
      Anderson, James Thomas of Columbus Ohio, b. at the U.S. consulate at Hamburg Germany Mar. 26,1862. B.A. lt. in U.S.A.,(m. May 26,1898 Helen, dau. of John Judson Bagley & Frances E. Newbury); and brother Charles Finley Anderson, b. at Hamburg Ger. Mar. 23,1864 (m. June 20, 1893 Minerva Ann Flowers, b. Oct. 28,1872, dau. of Ruffin (Hastings) and Eliza (Burton) Flowers); sons of James House Anderson of Columbus Ohio, b. at Marion Ohio Mar. 16,1833, educated at Ohio Wesleyan Univ., grad. Cincinnati Law school, U.S. consul at Hamburg Ger. 1861-6, banker 1869-85, retired from active business 1885, (m. Nov. 27,1856 Princess Amanda Miller, b. Aug.4,1837, dau. of David, b. Feb. 12,1794, d. Aug. 28,1855, who m. Oct. 28,1833, Sarah Bent, b. Aug. 19, 1806, d. Jan.24,1859, gr.-dau. of Robert Miller, b. Aug. 19,1767, d. Oct. 18,1834, who m. Jan. 19,1793 Mary Highfield, James House Anderson had 4 ch., viz.: Mary Princess, James T., Charles F. & Alice F.); son of Thomas Jefferson Anderson of Marion Ohio, b. in Hampshire Co. VA on his father's plantation Apr. 2,1801, d. in Marion Ohio Jan. 25,1871, judge of the court of common pleas of Marion co. 21 years, (m. Aug. 7,1825 Nancy Dunlevy, b. Jan.12,1805, d. May 17,1870, dau of James & Hannah (Robb) Dunlevy, Thomas Jefferson Anderson had 8 ch., all of whom except James House d. Childless); son of James of Hampshire co. Va., b. there Feb.17,1768,d. in Fairfield co. Ohio Oct. 24, 1844, with his family and father's family settled in Fairfield co. Ohio Apr.,1806, was an officer under Gen. Anthony Wayne in all his campaigns against the Indians of the northwest, (m. Priscilla House, dau. of John & Ruth (Metcalf) House, and had 9 ch., viz: Levi Henshaw, Thomas Jefferson, John, Mahala, James Madison, Ruth, Rebecca, Hiram, Priscilla): son of Thomas of Hampshire co. VA., b. there 1733, d. at Fairfield co. Ohio 1806 served in rev. war, (m. a Bruce, and had 11 ch., viz: William, James, John, Jonathan, Joseph, Abner, George, Margaret, Rachel, Elizabeth, Nancy); son of William of Hampshire co. Va., b. in Scotland 1693, d. in Hampshire co. Va 1797, (m. ____ b. in Scotland, had 4 ch., viz: Thomas, Ann, William, Sarah).
      Date: 26 Aug 2006
    7. Title: Early Records
      Hampshire County Virginia
      Now west Virginia
      Including at the start most of known Va. aside from Augusta District
      Abbrev: Early Records, Hampshire Co.
      Author: Sage, Clara McCormack
      Jones, Laura Sage
      Publication: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.
      Baltimore
      1976
      Date: 20 Jun 2002
    8. Title: 1782/1784 Virginia Census
      Abbrev: 1782/1784 Census
      Author: Department of Commerce and Labor
      Publication: Government Printing Office
      Washington
      1908
      Date: 21 Jun 2002
    9. Title: Letter from John Anderson to James H. Anderson of Columbus, Ohio
      Abbrev: John Anderson 1886 letter
      Author: John Anderson
      Repository:
        Name: Jim & Selma Burrows
        Note: We have a small number of family history books collected by my mother and me over the years. Occassionally they are at her house rather than mine. /s/ JLB
        Date: 22 Sep 1999
        Date: 22 Sep 1999

      Text: Letter from John Anderson to James H. Anderson of Columbus, Ohio.

      Marion, Ohio, Oct. 26, 1886.
      Mr. J. H. Anderson, Columbus, Ohio.

      My Dear Nephew:--

      I now undertake to give you some account of my ancestors. My Great-grandfather, William Anderson, was born in Scotland, in the year 1693 and died in Virginia in 1797. He was a friend of the Stuart dynasty, and joined the standard of Prince James, the Pretender, (as he was styled by some) son of James II, the deposed King of England.

      After the rising in 1715, he fled into England where he tarried awhile, and then made his way in disguise, I am told, to Virginia, where he had relatives. He went up the Potomac river till he came to a beautiful and fertile valley, or bottom, on the North Branch, and here he decided to settle. It has ever since been called the Anderson Bottom, and was afterward included within the boundaries of Hampshire County, Virginia. That was then a wild region, inhabited mainly by Indians, but there were a few French, and probably a few British subjects west of William Anderson's new home.

      He was strong and brave, and helped to protect the frontier settlements from murderous Indian foes. In "Braddock's defeat" (Braddock's engagement with the French and Indians near Fort Duquense) though beaten he fought bravely.

      He was the father of four children, two boys and two girls. One of his sons, William, was killed by the Indians in the mountains near home. One of his daughters married Captain William Henshaw, of Berkley County, Virginia, whose plantation was near Bunker Hill, on Mill Creek.

      I have forgotten the name of the husband of the other daughter, although I have often heard it. (In a subsequent letter he says her name was Sarah and that she married a Mr. Wilkins.)

      As he, William Anderson, was 104 years old at the time of his death he was a little childish, but at 80 he was as strong and active as ever. He brought a large amount of gold from Scotland, or it was afterward sent to him, and he was known to possess a great deal when he died, but after his death it could never be found.

      My father often saw it and believed it had been stolen during his last sickness or put away by him with too much care. He was opposed to the marriage of his daughter to Capt. Henshaw on account of his poverty; but the Captain afterward inherited a fine English fortune--he was an Englishman by birth--and became wealthy and prominent.

      I have forgotten the name of William Anderson's first wife--the mother of his children. The name of his second wife was Barnett, to whom he was married at the age of 80. He was a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

      Thomas Anderson, his son, was born in 1733, and died in 1808. He often aided in thwarting the Indians, and in resisting their forays. He fought during the entire Revolution, as an officer, either on the frontier against the Indians, or farther east against the British.

      He was at Yorktown, in command of his Company under Washington, at the surrender of Lord Cornwallis. His highest rank during the Revolution was Captain. He never knew fear, and in fighting the Indians ran some great risks, and made many narrow escapes. I have a distinct recollection of his appearance. He looked like my brother, Thomas James, your father. He was a member of the same church as his father; was an honest man and a good citizen, and like all the family, of whom I have any account, always paid his just debts. He was a true patriot, and had he been more ambitious might have risen higher during the Revolution.

      His wife was a Miss Bruce, of Virginia, by whom he had seven sons and four daughters. The sons were William, James, John, Jonathan, Joseph, Abner, and George. The daughters were Margaret, Rachel, Elizabeth, and Nancy.

      William and Joseph died (soldiers) in the war of 1812. Joseph was a single man, William left a wife, three sons and one daughter. William's sons were Hiram Joseph, and William. The daughter became the wife of my brother Levi.

      John married and settled in southern Indiana, when I was a mere boy, and reared a family of children. Jonathan and Abner never married. George died in his youth. Margaret married Joseph Critchfield, at the old homestead in Virginia; Rachel married William Eagle, who afterward settled in Wayne County, Ohio. Elizabeth married Thomas Eagle, nephew of William Eagle, and they settled in the neighborhood. Nancy never married.

      My father was James Anderson, second son of Capt. Thomas Anderson. He was born February 17th 1768, where his father was born, on the Anderson Bottom, in Hampshire County, Va. He died October 24th, 1844. He entered the Cavalry service as a Second Lieutenant, or more properly speaking, Ensign; aided in putting down the Whisky Insurrection, and afterwards served under Gen. Anthony Wayne, until his (Wayne's) death, in December, 1796. He was a gallant and meritorious officer, and for meritorious service and gallantry was made a Captain.

      I have seen his three commissions, that of Ensign, Lieutenant, and Captain. He was a member of the church of his ancestors until he settled in Ohio, and then became a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church simply because there was no Episcopal Church in his neighborhood. He removed to Fairfield County, Ohio in 1806 and settled on his farm there on the 7th day of April the same year.

      He was united in marriage in Virginia to Miss Priscilla House, by whom he had eleven children, ten of whom grew up and married. They were Levi Henshaw, Thomas Jefferson, John and Mahala (born on the old place in Virginia) and Elizabeth, James Madison, Ruth, Rebecca, Hiram and Priscilla, born in Ohio.

      My mother (Priscilla House), the wife of Capt. James Anderson, died on the 7th day of August, 1847, seventy years of age. My father was an upright citizen and a soldier of undaunted courage.

      I was married to Miss Martha Roult, the 20th day of January, 1829, in Hocking County, Ohio, on her father's farm, which was near my father's farm. We had nine children, Francis Marion, Minerva Jane, Charles Wesley, Thomas James, John Milton, Susan Ruth, Levi Roult, Ellen and Margaret.

      You are the last of your father's house, I am old and will soon pass away. I was born the 4th day of March, 1803, at our Ancestral home in Virginia and hence will be 84 on the 4th day of March, next.

      My father's family Bible which I have not in my possession, would give you the dates and items of importance which I do not recall. My brother James, has told you where it can probably be found. My father was a mathematician and engineer, and in addition to his other military duties he superintended the construction of most of Wayne's forts.

      Your affectionate Uncle, John Anderson

      The writer of the above genealogy of the Anderson family died January 3rd, 1888, aged 84 years and 10 months. He first came to Marion, Ohio, in 1826. He then paid a visit to his brother the late Judge T. J. Anderson. While on that visit he went to Upper Sandusky, Ohio, to see the Wyandot Indians. He removed to Marion County and settled on the farm near Marion which he owned at his death.
      Date: 9 Mar 2002

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