Brenda Keck Reed's Kith & Kin of VA, NC, TN, SC & Beyond

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Copyright 2010. Please do not copy or publish without permission & proper credit to this & other researchers who have generously contributed to this work. This is for education & research purposes only. If you note any errors, please contact me by email with your corrections & sources. A special thank you to the many researchers who have contributed to this family history. Certain historical figures are included in this work for research purposes only.

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  • ID: I7949
  • Name: JACOB CASTLE JR.
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1749 in Augusta County, Virginia 1
  • Reference Number: 8175
  • Event: Fact His father, Jacob, was allegedly an albino, a trait passed to one of his children.
  • Event: YDNA 15 JUL 2008 Haplogroup R1a1 (James Bradley Castle Jr., Deep Clade Test)
  • Death: 1848 in Copper Creek, Russell County, Virginia
  • Event: Fact His mother, Sowege, was a full blood Pekowee Shawnee.
  • Event: Fact 1734 Orange County formed from Spotsylvania County.
  • Event: Fact 1736 Jacob Castle, the elder, married Sowege, a full blood Pekowi Shawnee woman.
  • Event: Fact 1745 Augusta County formed from Orange County.
  • Event: Fact 25 AUG 1749 He, his parents, siblings, & paternal grandmother were nearly washed away in a great deluge of the Little River.
  • Event: Fact 1769 Married Mary Shane, a 1/2 Pikowi - Wyandot - Metis woman.
  • Event: Fact 1772 Fincastle County formed from Botetourt County.
  • Event: Fact 1776 Fincastle Co. became extinct when Montgomery, Washington, & Kentucky counties were formed.
  • Event: Fact 07 OCT 1780 His father, Jacob Castle, fought at the Battle of Kings Mountain.
  • Event: Fact BET 1782 AND 1787 Jacob Castle, Washington Co., VA, List of Virginia Taxpayers
  • Event: Fact 01 APR 1789 Father, Jacob Castle the Longhunter, died at Russell Co., VA.
  • Event: Fact 1794 Jacob Castle; Cpt. Porters List, Lower Dist., Russell Co., VA; 200 acres of land.
  • Event: Fact 1798 Son, Elijah Castle born at Russell Co., VA. 2
  • Event: Fact 1828 Sold 75 acres of land to his son Wm. Castle who sold it in 1836 to his brother Zachariah. 3
  • Event: Fact BEF 1830 Daughter, Margaret Castle Stapleton, removed to Johnson Co., KY.
  • Event: Jacob Cassell, age 100, living in Russell Co.; 2 females over age 90 in household; next to Joseph Cassell (age 50-60) Fact 1840 4
  • Event: Fact BEF 1850 Son, Zedekiah Castle, removed to Lawrence Co., KY.
  • Note:
    Jacob Castle, Jr. is son of Jacob Castle the Longhunter who settled on land given to him by the Indians at what is present-day Castlewoods in Russell County, Virginia and his first wife, Sowege "Gliding Swan" of the Pikowi Shawnee. JACOB CASTLE, JR. is the great-grandson of JOHANNES CASSEL and his wife, MARY GRAEFF, who immigrated with Jacob's grandfather, PETER CASSELL, on the ship Jeffries arriving at Philadelphia with other German immigrants recruited by WILLIAM PENN. JOHANNES's father, YELLIS KASEL, was a friend and associate of MARTIN LUTHER, who headed up the Protestant Reformation; Yelles was a Mennonite minister, as were two of Johannes's brothers. JOHANNES worked as a weaver, was originally a Menonite, but adopted the Quaker faith in America. JOHANNES CASSELL's conversion from Mennonite to Quakerism created a rift between he and his Mennonite elder brother, HEINRICH CASSELL and YELLES CASSELL, JR., both of whom were Mennonite ministers. Shortly after the brothers arrived in America word was received than an "enormous fortune" and possibly a title awaited the brothers back in Germany. Heinrich consulted with the council of the Mennonite Church in Germantown and it was decided that the brothers should not return to Germany to collect their fortune as it would make them "proud" and they could be killed, along with their families, due to the religious persecution

    JACOB CASTLE, JR. coveted the Castle land in Russell County, Virginia, and required that it stay in the inner-family hands only be sold or given only to members of his family In 1828, his son, WILLIAM CASTLE bought 75 acres in from his father, JACOB CASTLE, JR. In 1836 WILLIAM CASTLE subsequently sold this parcel of land to his brother, ZACHARIAH CASTLE, upon William's removal from Russell County, Virginia to Pulaski County, Kentucky, being part of a 170 acre tract granted to JACOB CASTLE, JR. at Staunton Virginia on or about 20 November 1811. Note that BENJAMIN CASTLE named one of his sons, ZACHARIAH CASTLE, after his brother ZACHARIAH CASTLE. BENJAMIN's son ZACHARIAH CASTLE had successive lines are in Johnson County, Kentucky. (Source: Researcher & descendant, Jay Castle.]

    The names of JACOB and MARY SHANE CASTLE's children are not all known, some of whom who have often been listed as the children of his brother JOSEPH and GEMIMEY ELIZABETH HENSLEY CASTLE. There is no record to be found to document that JOSEPH and GEMIMEY ever had any children. While JOSEPH CASTLE lived in Kentucky there is no record of his ever paying tithable taxes on any children (which at the time would have been males). The only evidence that supports any children, is while living in Kentucky the census shows children living in their household, but the truth is that these were the children of Jacob, Jr. and Mary Shane. Their children left Virginia and lived for a while with their uncle Joseph in then Floyd County, Kentucky, as JACOB and MARY were getting older.

    According to Loretta Vroman: "After many years of research it was found that JACOB CASTLE JR's Children (One being ZED) lived with BASIL JOSEPH CASTLE & his wife, GEMIMEY, in Johnson County, Kentucky. JACOB CASTLE had children, but remained in Virginia and never permanently lived in Kentucky because he did not want his children to have to make the sometimes treacherous trip back to Virginia, he left them in the care of his brother BASIL JOSEPH CASTLE who never paid any tithable taxes on any of the children because they were not his children, but only placed in his care. Others say that JACOB CASTLE JR. and his wife MARY SHANE CASTLE were too old to deal with these young children by about 1820 and thusly sent them to Floyd County, Kentucky, with their older brother ZEDEKIAH CASTLE. Both ZEDEKIAH and NATHAN CASTLE appear in both the 1820 Russell Co., VA and 1820 Floyd Co., KY census records.

    1798 RUSSELL COUNTY, VA PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX ROLL
    27 March CASTLE, Jacob 2-0-0-2 Taxes/18
    CASTLE, Bardle 1-0-0-1 Taxes/
    14 March CAZELE, Joseph 1-0-0-1 Taxes/.35
    CAZELE, Robert 1-0-0-0
    15 Mar CAZELE, John 1-0-0-1 Taxes/.9
    19 Mar CASLE, Hanah 0-0-0-1 Taxes/.9

    26 June 1787 Russell County, Virginia Court Order Book 1:47
    SAMUEL HADDOX, Plaintiff v JACOB CASSELS, Defendant: In Debt . By mutual agreement of the parties the suit was ordered discontinued.

    2 February 1789 Russell County, Virginia Court Order Book 1:152
    "On the motion of JACOB CASSELL, Adminisration is granted him in the Estate of JOSEPH CASSELLS deceased and he together with JONATHAN WOODS and HENRY MAHON, his securities entered into Bond in the penalty of 50 pounds with condition as the said ____ for the due administration of said decedants estate." [It is not clear whether the administration was granted to Jacob Sr. or Jacob, Jr.]

    20 October 1789 Russell County, Virginia Court Order Book 1:177
    JACOB CASSELL as above for the Administration of the Estate of JOSEPH CASSELL.

    In 1789 Jacob's father, JACOB CASTLE, SR. died at Russell County, Virginia as noted by the following record:
    20 October 1789 Russell County, Virginia Court Order Book 1:178
    A motion of JACOB CASEL and WILLIAM HUSTON, the said WILLIAM HUSTON is appointed Administor of the Estate of JOSEPH CASSELL and it is ordered that he comply with the condition of the said JACOB CASSEL's Administration Bond and therupon said WILLIAM HOUSTON took the oath of Administrator.

    About 20 November 1811 JACOB CASTLE, JR. a 170 acre tract of land, while he was in Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia. Staunton is located in the Shenandoah Valley in between the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mountains of the Appalachian Mountains.

    From the 1815 Russell County, VA Tax Assessments: JACOB CASSLE was assessed with one farm on Coper [Copper] Creek, 170 acres having thereon one dwelling house of wood, one story, 20 feet by 16 feet, one barn of wood, one stable, one corn house, one loom house, valued at $425.

    JACOB CASTLE, JR. inherited his father's albino traits. There is some evidence that this trait may have been passed down through his son WILLIAM CASTLE to at least one of his descendents.

    Researcher Jay Castle provided the following information relative to ZACHARIAH CASTLE's connection to JACOB CASTLE, JR:
    In 1813 ZACHARIAH CASTLE first appears on the Personal Property Tax List for Russell County, Virginia, indicating that he had attained age 16 and was now an individual Tithe, making is date of birth 1797
    In 1812 JACOB CASTLE had 3 males over age 16.
    In 1813 JACOB CASTLE had 5 males over age 16, to wit: JACOB CASTLE ELIJAH CASTLE, MARTIN CASTLE, NATHAN CASTLE, JAMES HEZEKIAH CASTLE, and JOHN CASTLE. (Jacob lost Zacharian as a tithable in 1813 but gained the other sons as their birth years were so close.)
    Note that in 1815, INMAN CASTLE, was accounted for as a Tithable for joshua stapleton who looses one tithable in 1817 when INMAN STAPLETON (CASTLE) appears on the Personal Property Tax List, making his birth year as 1801.
    The Russell County Virginia Personal Property Tithable Lists confirm ZACHARIAH CASTLE as a son of JACOB CASTLE, JR. who had 6 males over age 16 in his home had Zacharian not the the list in 1813.
    Note: HENRY CASLTE first appears on the list in 1804; ZEDEKIAH CASLTE first appears in 1806. JOSEPH CASTLE, IN 1807. JACOB CASTLE, III, in 1810. BENJAMIN CASTLE, in 1812. MARTIN CASTLE & WILLIAM CASTLE, in 1815. (Not list for 1816). INMAN STAPELETON, IN 1817. JAMES HEZEKIAH CASTLE, in 1818. JOHN CASTLE, first in 1823 which may be an error as no list was done in 1816 and Jacob Jr. had only 2 tithables in 1817 and afterwards only onoe indicating all his male children were on their own by that time.

    In 1830 JACOB CASTLE and his wife were enumerated at Russell County, Virginia. Jacob was listed as a white male age 80 - 90, born 1740-1750; his wife was listed as age 50-60, born 1770-1780.

    In 1830 these members of Jacob Castle's family were enumerated in the US Census at Paintsville, Floyd County, Kentucky:
    BENJAMIN CASTLE, NATHAN CASTLE, JOSHUA STAPLETON, INMAN CASTLE, BAZLE CASTLE, and JAMES CASTLE.

    JACOB CASTLE died at age 101 in 1848 at Russell County, Virginia. His widow, MARY SHANE CASTLE, died c1850 at Russell County.




    Father: JACOB (CASSELL) CASTLE b: 1717 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA
    Mother: SOWEGE "Gliding Swan" Pekowi Shawnee b: ABT 1720 in Shawnee Nation, Middle Ground, Indian Terr., Pellissippi River

    Marriage 1 MARY SHANE b: BEF 25 OCT 1747 in Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania
    • Married: 1769 in Lee County, Virginia, USA
    Children
    1. Has Children Margaret CASTLE b: 1770 in Augusta (later Russel) County, Virginia
    2. Has No Children Joseph Jacob CASTLE b: 1775 in Russell County, Virginia
    3. Has Children Henry CASTLE b: BET 1780 AND 1790 in Russell County, Virginia
    4. Has Children Benjamin CASTLE b: 1785 in Castles Woods, Russell County, VA
    5. Has No Children Valentine CASTLE b: 1786 in Russell County, Virginia
    6. Has Children Zedekiah Alan CASTLE b: 06 JAN 1788 in Castles Woods, Russell County, Virginia
    7. Has Children ZACHARIAH CASTLE b: 06 JUN 1788 in Russell County, Virginia
    8. Has Children Lydia CASTLE b: 1789 in Russell County, Virginia
    9. Has No Children John Joshua CASTLE b: 1791 in Russell County, Virginia
    10. Has No Children John CASTLE b: ABT 1792 in Russell County, Virginia
    11. Has No Children Bazle CASTLE b: ABT 1794 in Russell County, Virginia
    12. Has No Children James CASTLE b: 1795 in Russell County, Virginia
    13. Has Children William CASTLE b: 1797 in Russell County, Virginia
    14. Has Children Elijah CASTLE b: 1798 in Russell County, Virginia
    15. Has Children Inman CASTLE b: 1799 in Russell County, Virginia
    16. Has Children Martin CASTLE b: BET 1790 AND 1800 in Russell County, Virginia
    17. Has No Children Mary Polly CASTLE b: 1799 in Russell County, Virginia
    18. Has Children Nathan CASTLE b: 1800 in Castlewood, Russell County, Virginia
    19. Has Children Hezekiah James CASTLE b: 1801 in Russell County, Virginia

    Sources:
    1. Details: Proof needed of descendants.
    2. Title: 1850 Russell Co., VA, District 54 Census Records
    3. Title: Jay Castle, Researcher (Jay.Castle@emerson.com)
    4. Title: 1840 Russell Co., VA Census Records

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