Name: *Roger BIGOD
Name: Roger BIGOT
Birth: ABT 1060 in St. Saveur, Normandy, France
Death: 9 SEP 1107 in Egersham, Norfolk, England 1
Burial: Norwich, England 1
Education: Norman knight who came to England in the Norman Conquest
Occupation: Norman knight 1
Occupation: Sheriff of Norfolk
Roger Bigod (died 1107) was a Norman knight who came to England in the Nor man Conquest. He held great power in East Anglia, and five of his descenda nts were Earl of Norfolk. He was also known as Roger Bigot, appearing as s uch as a witness to the Charter of Liberties of Henry I of England.
Roger came from a fairly obscure family of poor knights in Normandy. Robe rt le Bigot, certainly a relation of Roger's, possibly his father, acquir ed an important position in the household of William, Duke of Normandy (la ter William I of England), due, the story goes, to his disclosure to the d uke of a plot by the duke's cousin William Werlenc.
Both Roger and Robert may have fought at the Battle of Hastings, and after wards they were rewarded with a substantial estate in East Anglia. The Dom esday Book lists Roger as holding six lordships in Essex, 117 in Suffolk a nd 187 in Norfolk.
Bigod's base was in Thetford, Norfolk where he founded a priory later dona ted to the great monastery at Cluny. In 1101 he further consolidated his p ower when Henry I granted him licence to build a castle at Framlingham, wh ich became the family seat of power until their downfall in 1307. Anoth er of his castles was Bungay Castle, also in Suffolk. Both these were impr oved by successive generations.
In 1069 he, along with Robert Malet and Ralph de Gael (the then Earl of No rfolk), defeated Sweyn Estrithson (Sweyn II) of Denmark near Ipswich. Aft er Ralph de Gael's fall in 1074, Roger was appointed Sheriff of Norfolk a nd Suffolk, and acquired many of the dispossessed earl's estates. For th is reason he is sometimes counted as Earl of Norfolk, but he probably w as never actually created earl. He acquired further estates through his in fluence in local law courts.
In the Rebellion of 1088 he joined other Anglo-Norman barons against Willi am II, who, it was hoped, was to be deposed in favour of Robert Curthos e, Duke of Normandy. He seems to have lost his lands after the rebellion h ad failed, but got them back again.
In 1100, Robert Bigod was one of the King's witnesses recorded on the Char ter of Liberties, an important precursor to the Magna Carta of 1215.
In 1101 there was another attempt to bring in Robert of Normandy by unseat ing Henry I, but this time Roger Bigod stayed loyal to Henry.
He died on 9 September 1107 and is buried in Norwich. Upon his death the re was a dispute between the Bishop of Norwich, Herbet Losinga, and the mo nks at Thetford Priory, founded by Bigod. The monks claimed that Roger's b ody, along with those of his family and successors, was due to them as pa rt of the foundation charter of the priory (as was common practice at t he time). The issue was apparently resolved when the Bishop of Norwich sto le the body in the middle of the night and dragged it back to Norwich.
For some time he was thought to have two wives, Adelaide/Adeliza and Ali ce de Tosny. It is now believed these were the same woman, Adeliza(Alic e) de Tosny(Toeni,Toeny). She was the sister and coheiress of William de T osny, Lord of Belvoir.
He was succeeded by his eldest son, William Bigod, and, after he drown ed in the sinking of the White Ship, by his second son, Hugh Bigod, 1st Ea rl of Norfolk, who later became Earl of Norfolk. He also had 3 daughter s: Gunnor, who married Robert, Lord of Rayleigh; Cecily, who married Willi am d'Aubigny "Brito"; and Maud, who married William d'Aubigny "Pincerna ", and was mother to William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel.
(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
Father: Robert BIGOT b: ABT 1035 in St. Saveur, Normandy, France
Mother: SAINT SAVEUR b: ABT 1040 in St. Saveur, Normandy, France
*Adeliza DE TOENI b: ABT 1064 in St. Saveur, Normandy, France
- *Gunnor BIGOD b: in Belvoir Castle, Belvoir, Leicestershire, England
- *Maud BIGOD b: ABT 1090 in Belvoir Castle, Belvoir, Leicestershire, England
- William BIGOD b: BEF 1095 in Belvoir Castle, Belvoir, Leicestershire, England
- *Hugh BIGOD b: ABT 1095 in Belvoir Castle, Belvoir, Leicestershire, England
- *Cecily BIGOD b: 1100 in Belvoir Castle, Belvoir, Leicestershire, England
- Title: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia