Name: Georg DACHSTATTER
Given Name: Georg
Birth: 1679 in Palatinate, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany
b. Palatinate, Hesse-Darmstadt, GER >> www.fonda.org <<
German Palatines - The German Palatines were natives of the Electoral Palatinate region of Germany, although a few had come to Germany from Switzerland, the Alsace, and probably other parts of Europe. Towards the end of the 17th century and into the 18th, the wealthy region was repeatedly invaded by French troops, which resulted in continuous military requisitions, widespread devastation and famine. The "Poor Palatines" were some 13,000 Germans who came to England between May and November 1709. Their arrival in England, and the inability of the British Government to integrate them, caused a highly politicized debate over the merits of immigration. The English tried to settle them in England, Ireland, and the Colonies. The English transported nearly 3,000 in ten ships to New York in 1710. Many of them first were assigned to work camps along the Hudson River to work off their passage. Close to 850 families settled in the Hudson River Valley, primarily in what are now Germantown and Saugerties, New York. In 1723 100 heads of families from the work camps were the first Europeans to acquire land west of Little Falls, New York, in present-day Herkimer County on both the north and south sides along the Mohawk River. Later additional Palatine Germans settled along the Mohawk River for several miles, founding towns such as Palatine Bridge, and in the Schoharie Valley.
Origins - Throughout the Nine Years War (1688?1697) and the War of Spanish Succession (1701?1714), recurrent invasions by the French Army devastated the area of what is today Southwest Germany. The depredations of the French Army and the destruction of numerous cities (especially within the Palatinate) created economic hardship for the inhabitants of the region, exacerbated by a rash of harsh winters and a poor harvests that created famine in Germany and much of northwest Europe. What triggered the mass emigration in 1709 of impoverished people to England was the Crown's promise of free land in the American Colonies. Parliament discovered in 1711 that several ?agents? working on behalf of the Colony of Carolina had promised the peasants around Frankfurt free passage to the plantations. Spurred by the success of several dozen families the year before, thousands of German families headed down the Rhine to England and the New World.
1710 Palatine Imigration - Background of 1709/1710 Group - The first large group of Germans to North America after the initial Germantown colony was the large exodus of Germans in 1709-1710 to New York. These emigrants began arriving in England in May 1709. Conditions in London and Rotterdam were not good because of the large numbers of emigrants that had to be provided for. Some returned to their homes (including all the Catholics), went on to other parts of England or Ireland (821 families), North Carolina (840 families, 650 going to the New Bern settlement), and West Indies. Of the 13,000 Germans who reached London in 1709, about a quarter of these continued on to New York.
Most of the Palatines for New York began boarding ships in Dec 1709, but did not leave England until April 1710. About 3,100 emigrants sailed on 11 ships to New York and were accompanied by the Governor-Elect Hunter. About 470 Germans perished on the voyage and another 250 after landing. An estimated 2,500 disease-laden emigrants had to be provided for in New York. Noteable passengers included:
Georg Dachstatter, age thirty, his wife and child Georg Adam Dachstatter, are listed on the sixth list of arrivals, a 4 July 1710, subsistence list along with any who appear to have been part of their households. Johann Christ Gerlach, a passenger also listed, was the listmaster on the ship James & Elizabeth which arrived 16 June 1710, captained by Captain Henry Gravener. His name on this list, indicates that the people on this list were probably passengers on that ship. Out beside Georg's name, Project notes read: name originally spelled Tachstetter; arived on Howlentzen's ship in Holland. 4th group of arrivals in London.
Father: _ALLIED FAMILIES_
Anna Elisabeth b: 1680 in Palatinate, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany
in Palatinate, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany
- Note: m. Palatinate, Hesse-Darmstadt, GER; before Apr-1709
- George Adam DOCKSTADER b: APR 1709 in Palatinate, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany
- Henry J. DOCKSTADER b: 1714