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  • ID: I12263
  • Name: Allison Nelson
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1822 in Georgia
  • Death: 1862
  • Note:
    1850 United States Federal Census
    about Allison Nelson
    Name: Allison Nelson
    Age: 27
    Estimated Birth Year: abt 1823
    Birth Place: Georgia
    Race: White
    Gender: Male
    Home in 1850(City,County,State): Coxes, Cobb, Georgia
    Household Members: Name Age
    Allis Nelson 5
    Allison Nelson 27
    Ena C Nelson 8
    John A Nelson 2
    Mary S Nelson 24

    Allison Nelson was born March 11, 1822, in Fulton County, Georgia. He was trained as a lawyer, was a member of the Georgia legislature 1848-1849, and mayor of Atlanta in 1855. His primary interest was military affairs. During the Mexican War he recruited a company of volunteers of which he was elected captain. Later he espoused the cause of Cuban independence and attached himself to the forces of General Narcisco Lopez by whom he was appointed brigadier. He was in Kansas during the “border troubles” and moved to Bosque County, Texas, in 1856 where he rendered gallant service in the Indian campaigns just prior to the Civil War. He was elected to the Texas legislature in 1859 and to the secession convention in 1861. Nelson was instrumental in raising the 10th Texas Infantry for Confederate service and was elected colonel. This command reported to Gen T C Hindman in Arkansas, and took part in a minor engagement at DeVall’s Bluff on White River. Nelson was appointed brigadier general, September 12, 1862, upon the recommendation of Gen. Holmes. He was assigned to command his own brigade, 10th Texas Infantry, 15th, 17th, and 18th Texas Cavalry, Holmes’ infantry and Col. Flourney’s brigade. The after assignment, nelson fell ill of fever and died in camp near Austin, Arkansas, on October 7, 1862. He is buried in Mount Holly Cemetery in Little Rock, Arkansas, which was then the headquarters of the Trans-Mississippi Department.

    Allison Nelson State Historical Marker
    Located on Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. (Ga. 139) just east of the Chattahoochee River



    One mile north where Sandy Creek flows into the Chattahoochee River, was the house of John B. Nelson, owner of Nelson's Ferry in the 1820's. His son, Allison Nelson was born there March, 1822. After service in the Mexican War, he was a representative in the Georgia General Assembly (1848 - 1849) & ninth Mayor of Atlanta (1855). Removed to Texas in 1856 where he engaged in Indian warfare & in 1860, became a member of the Texas legislature.

    Commissioned Brig. Gen. in the Confederate Army, Sept. 12, 1862, he served until his death near Austin, Lonoke Co., Arkansas, Oct. 7, 1862.


    © Carl Vinson Institute of Government, University of Georgia


    Go to Fulton County Historical Markers page

    Go to Georgia Historical Markers website

    Father: George Nelson b: 1800

    Marriage 1 Mary S. b: 1825 in Tennessee
      1. Has Children John Alston Nelson b: 22 JUL 1848 in Georgia
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