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  • ID: I913
  • Name: Zadock WOODS
  • Given Name: Zadock
  • Surname: Woods
  • Reference Number: 913 1 2 3
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 18 Sep 1773 in Brookfield, Worcester Co, Massachusetts
  • Reference Number: 913 1
  • Death: 18 Sep 1842 in Battle Of Salado Creek, Bexar County Texas, "Dawson's Massacre
  • Reference Number: 913 4
  • Burial: Monument Hill, La Grange, Fayette County, TX
  • Note:
    One of Austin's original "300" received title to a league and a labor of land, 5-15-1827 in Matagorda County. He eventually moved to a settlement "Woods Prairie" , ten miles west of LaGrange, Texas. His home, Wood's Fort, was a community stockade for protection against the Indians between 1828 and 1836

    Zadock was born in Brookfield, Massachusetts; the family migrated from there to Vermont; from there they established Woods Fort along the Cuivre River in St. Charles, Missouri. Next came the move to Texas with Stephen F. Austin;s "Old three hundred" He was killed at the battle of Salado Creek during the Dawson's Massacre battle. Zadock was 69 years old at the time and insisted on being included in the fighting. Family tradition says that he rode round and round the fort on his horse until they allowed Grandpa to go.

    A source copied from Austin Colony Pioneers says that Zadock was at Gonzalez when the Mexican Army demanded that the citizens of Gonzalez return the cannon that had been given to them by the Mexican Commander to defend themselves from indians. This incident helped to kick off the battle for Texas Independance.

    The Woods and Cottle families were descendants of three Mayflower Passengers. Norman Woods is a 7th generation descendant of William Bradford through his mother, Minerva Cottle. Zadock is a 6th generation descendant of Francis Cooke. The Cottle family is also a descendant of Kenelm Winslow, brother of Edward Winslow who was also a Mayflower passenger.

    Zadock Woods was born in Brookfield, Ma., Minerva in Woodstock, Vt., and Norman in Troy, Missouri in Woods Fort.

    Zadock was a partner in a lead mine with Moses Austin in Troy, Missouri, but the business failed and they lost their money. It was then that Moses Austin heard about the land being offered to Americans who would be willing to go to Texas .

    Joseph Cottle, Minerva's father was a Deacon in the Universalist church, but was very put out with Zadock when he built an inn and tavern on his property in Troy. The tavern became a gathering place to drink and carouse and Joseph was very uphappy about his son-in-law's involvement in this enterprise. Unhappier still was the Woods and Cottle clan when Zadock began drinking and getting into fights. The second term of the Lincoln County, Missouri court came to order in Woods Tavern with Zadock being charged with two counts of assault and battery. The jury of old friends found him not guilty of one charge and fined him one dollar for the second charge.

    Daniel Boone was a frequent visitor to Woods Fort. Lieutenant Zachary Taylor made his headquarters at Woods Fort. The junior officers of Zachary Taylor build a miniture spinning wheel for Minerva, which is said to be in a museum in Burnet, Texas. (Brown's Free Museum)

    Zadock signed up as a private with James Callaways Rangers in 1814 to fight the British. He participated in the Battle of New Orleans.

    Zadock Woods is buried on Monument Hill in La Grange, Texas with the other Dawson men and Norman Woods was buried in the moat at Perote Prison in Mexico.

    BIBLIOGRAPHY: James B. Schwabe, comp., Ancestors and Descendants of Sylvanus and Abigail (Sherman) Cottle (East Alton, Illinois, 1985). L. U. Spellmann, ed., "Letters of the
    Dawson Men' From Perote Prison, Mexico, 1842-1843," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 38 (April 1935). Vertical Files, Barker Texas History Center, University of Texas at Austin. Houston Wade, comp., The Dawson Men of Fayette County (Houston, 1932). Leonie Rummel Weyand and Houston Wade, An Early History of Fayette County (La Grange, Texas: La Grange Journal, 1936). E. W. Winkler, ed., "The Bexar and Dawson Prisoners," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 13 (April 1910). Norman B. Woods Papers, Barker Texas History Center, University of Texas at Austin.

    List of American Settlers
    in the Colorado District,
    Austin's Colony,
    March 4, 1823

    List of Families

    Woods, Zadock 50 (farmer, owns horses and farming tools; Martin 37

    1820 TX Census Index --Woods, Zeddock TX BASTROP CO. AUSTIN,MEXICO TERR. 1826

    Paul N. Spellman

    Copied from Woods Cemetery Book

    The history of Woods Prairie Cemetery goes back
    to the very beginning of the settlement of Texas.
    Zadock Woods came to Texas in 1823 and went
    back to Troy Missouri in 1824 and brought his
    family back to what would become Fayette
    County, Texas.

    He was married to Minerva Cottle and they had 5
    children who came to Texas with them. Minerva,
    Montreville, Norman B., Henry Gonzales and

    He built a fort at Woods Prairie in 1828 on his son
    Montrevilles land. It was the settlers protection
    against the still marauding Indians.

    The last Indian threat was the Battle of Plum
    Creek in 1840.
    The next threat was from Mexico. Many of the
    men from Woods Prairie joined a company to fight
    the Mexicans had invaded Texas.

    Zadock Woods was an old man but joined
    anyway.He and 35 others were killed in the
    Dawson Creek Massacre. They were later buried
    on Monument Hill.

    Occurred in this vicinity on September 18, 1842
    when Captain Nicholas Mosey Dawson and 53
    men from La Grange, in attempting to join Captain
    Matthew Caldwell (Old Paint) and his company of
    Texas Volunteers during the Battle of Salado, were
    surrounded by Mexican Forces and 36 slain, 15
    were taken prisoner, only 3 escaped.

    The site of the fort is marked with a granite
    monument. It is about a quarter of a mile north of
    the Woods Prairie Cemetery.
    Site of Woods' Fort
    Used by colonist of this vicinity as a protection
    against Indian attacks 1828-1842
    Fortified residence of Zadock Woods
    Veteran of the War of 1812
    One of the Old "Three Hundred"
    of Austin's Colonists.
    Oldest man killed in the "Dawson Massacre"
    September 18, 1842

    Texas Land Title Abstracts

    District: Colorado; Fayette
    County: Fayette
    Grantee: Zadock Woods
    Patentee: Zadock Woods
    Patent Date: 11 Dec 1841
    Patent #: 714
    Patent Volume: 1
    Acres: 177.10
    Class: Fay. 1st
    File: 12

    District: Brazoria; Matagorda
    County: Matagorda
    Grantee: Zadock Woods
    Patent Date: 15 May 1827
    Patent #: 562
    Patent Volume: 2
    Survey/Blk/Tsp: 15
    Acres: 4578
    Class: Title

    18 Sep 1773 - 18 Sep 1842
    BIRTH: 18 Sep 1773, Brookfield, Mass.
    DEATH: 18 Sep 1842, Battle of the Salado
    BURIAL: Monument Hill, La Grange
    EVENT: 1 league (4428.4 Acres)
    LAND GRANT: 15 May 1827, Matagorda Partner, Francis, Ezekial, Emily, and Jerome

    Tidbits of Lincoln County History
    Last updated: update: 4 Dec 1999


    From the book A History of Missouri, by Edward Houck, published in 1908 by R.R. Donelly & Sons:

    Lincoln County was formed in 1818 from St. Charles County.

    Perhaps the first white men to camp in what is now Lincoln County, were members of La Sueur's expedition . They camped on the Cuivre River, which after killing a buffalo bull and cow, they called the "Riviere aux Boeufs."

    About the year 1800, there was a small settlement in the "Forks of the Cuivre" where the North fork joins the West fork, in about the center of Lincoln County. The first settlers there were James MACKAY, Richard TAYLOR, and James LEWIS who had a flour mill there in 1799.

    Some early residents of what is now Lincoln County, and where they served in the Revolutionary war:

    Joseph BROWN of the Virginia Continentals.
    William BUTLER of the Virginia State Troops.
    James CANNON of the South Carolina Militia.
    Thomas GRAVES of the Virginia Militia.
    Thomas HAMPTON of the Maryland Militia.
    Hezekiah MURPHY of the Maryland Militia.
    Robert McNAIR of the Pennsylvania Militia.
    Adam ZUMWALT of the Virginia State Troops.
    John BASCO of the North Carolina Continentals.
    John CHAMBERS of the Virginia Continentals.

    In May of 1820, Malcolm HENRY was elected as delegate from Lincoln County to the State Constitutional convention, held in St. Louis in June, 1820. Malcolm HENRY was of Scotch parentage, and born in York County, S.C. He moved to Lincoln County, near Troy in 1817.


    From the book Map of Lincoln County Missouri, first published in 1860 by Edmund Ellis, reproduced in Atlas Form by the Lincoln County Genealogical Society, 1993:

    Some of the first families in Millwood, then known as "Forks of the Quivre," were the JAMESONs, COTTLEs, HAMMONDs, SITTONs, PARKs, and HUSTONs. In the 1820s, the WOMMACKs, GILMOREs, CLAREs, KINIONs, HALLs, WILLIAMS, STEPHENS, KIMLERs, RICKS, HENRYs, YOUNGs and others arrived. In the 1830s many families came from Virginia, Maryland, and Kentucky, including the MUDDS, PORTERS, SANDS, and DYERS. Later immigrants included the BLACKS, BAUERS, STANEKS, NORTONS, PEASELS, HORAS, HAVLICKS, KUMBERAS, and others.

    The first families in Monroe, the oldest town in Lincoln County, were those of Ira and Almond COTTLE. The COTTLES and Nathaniel SIMONDS donated 50 acres of land for the county seat to be organized there.

    Ninevah was founded in 1855 by Joseph S. WELLS. Ninevah later became Olney.

    Troy was formally laid out in Sept. of 1819 by Joseph COTTLE, Lee F. T. COTTLE and Zadock WOODS, Son in law of "Deacon" Joseph COTTLE.

    Louisville was laid out in 1831 by Hannible MARSHALL, Enoch EMERSON, and Dayton CRIDER. Other early residents were Col. Meredith COX, a Mr. SCROGGINS, and a Mr. BROWN.

    State: MO
    County: St. Louis County
    Township: Petitioners
    Year: 1810
    Record Type: Resident's List
    Database: MO Early Census Index
  • Event: From Vermont to Missouri Emigrated 1802
  • Note: Came with widowed mother and siblings, James & Martin
  • Reference Number: 913 1
  • Occupation: Well digger 1806 Troy, MO
  • Note: Court petition to retain his property. St. Louis, MO 6
  • Event: From Missouri to Texas Emigrated 04 Oct 1824
  • Note: To settle in Stephen Austin's colonies 7
  • Event: Death 18 Sep 1842 San Antonio, Bexar, TX
  • Note: Oldest man killed in the Dawson Massacre
  • Event: War of 1812 Military Service
  • Reference Number: 913 8
  • Change Date: 14 Dec 2004 at 20:31

    Father: Jonathan WOODS b: 15 Aug 1740 in Bridgewater, MA
    Mother: Keziah KEITH b: 09 Oct 1748 in Bridgewater, Massachusetts

    Marriage 1 Minerva COTTLE b: 22 Dec 1776 in South Woodstock, Windsor County, Vermont
    • Married: 1797 in Woodstock, Windsor County, Vermont 9 10
    • Note: Zadock and Minerva were married by Justice of the Peace Sylvester Edson in the the main room of his substantial new home, very likely the major social event of the year in Woodstock.
    • Change Date: 14 Dec 2004
    1. Has Children Minerva WOODS b: 30 Oct 1798 in South Woodstock, Windson County, Vermont
    2. Has No Children Ardelia WOODS b: 21 Feb 1803 in Woods Fort, Present Troy, Lincoln County, Missouri
    3. Has Children Norman B WOODS b: 13 Oct 1805 in Woods Fort, Present Troy, Lincoln County, Missouri
    4. Has Children Montraville WOODS b: 17 Nov 1806 in Woods Fort, Present Troy, Lincoln County, Missouri
    5. Has No Children Leander WOODS b: 12 Jul 1809 in Woods Fort, Present Troy, Lincoln Co., Missouri
    6. Has Children Henry Gonzalvo WOODS b: 18 Feb 1816 in Woods Fort, Present Troy, Lincoln County, Missouri
    7. Has No Children Amanda WOODS b: Aft 1816 in Lincoln County, MO

    1. Abbrev: Ancestors & Descendants of Sylvanus & Abigail Sherman Cottle
      Title: Ancestors & Descendants of Sylvanus & Abigail Sherman Cottle
      Author: J. B. Schwabe
      Page: p. 145
      Quality: 3
    2. Abbrev: Texas Land Title Abstracts
      Title: Texas Land Title Abstracts
    3. Abbrev: 1820 TX Census Index -Bastrop County-Austin-Mexico Territory-1826
      Title: 1820 TX Census Index -Bastrop County-Austin-Mexico Territory-1826
    4. Abbrev: Ancestors & Descendants of Sylvanus & Abigail Sherman Cottle
      Title: Ancestors & Descendants of Sylvanus & Abigail Sherman Cottle
      Author: J. B. Schwabe
      Page: p. 155 A
      Quality: 3
    5. Abbrev: RootsWeb: Woods & Cottle Family from Massachusetts to Texas
      Title: RootsWeb: Woods & Cottle Family from Massachusetts to Texas
    6. Abbrev: Zadock & Minerva Cottle Woods American Pioneers
      Title: Austin Texas 1987 Revised October 1988
      Author: Paul N Spellman
      Page: p. 51
      Quality: 3
    7. Abbrev: Zadock & Minerva Cottle Woods American Pioneers
      Title: Austin Texas 1987 Revised October 1988
      Author: Paul N Spellman
      Page: p. 79
      Quality: 3
    8. Abbrev: Ancestors & Descendants of Sylvanus & Abigail Sherman Cottle
      Title: Ancestors & Descendants of Sylvanus & Abigail Sherman Cottle
      Author: J. B. Schwabe
      Page: p. 148
      Quality: 3
    9. Abbrev: Ancestors & Descendants of Sylvanus & Abigail Sherman Cottle
      Title: Ancestors & Descendants of Sylvanus & Abigail Sherman Cottle
      Author: J. B. Schwabe
      Page: p. 374
    10. Abbrev: Cottle Genealogy
      Title: Cottle Genealogy
      Author: Velma Cottle Musick
      Page: p. 14
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