The Royal West India Rangers

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  • ID: I0496
  • Name: (Sargeant) John WATSON
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1794 in England
  • Death: BET. 1861 - 1871 in Ranger Settlement, New Brunswick, Canada
  • Event: Death Established by Census Records
  • Event: Home Land established by Census Records
  • Note:
    One of the Royal West India Rangers And Settled in the now called Perth-Andover region in 1819.

    (John's Petition for land grant)

    Searching the Grantbook Database: Results
    Watson, Sergeant John
    Volume: 9, page 32, Grant number 1949
    Original province of registration: New Brunswick
    Nova Scotia registration date:
    New Brunswick registration date: 1826/01/03

    Accompanying plan: y
    Acreage: 200 acres
    Place and County: Kent, York County
    Comments: 144 others

    -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------

    In the Carelton County Register, The state of the military settlement in the Parish of Kent on the river St. John- July 1822
    In 1822 the Parish of Kent was in York County and its upper boundary was not well defined. It later became part of Carleton County. Sargeants Bowmaster, Watson & Baker were listed on this report as follows:

    Henry Bowmaster with wife and 4 children

    John Watson with wife and 2 Children (one of which is Robert Patrick Watson)

    John Baker with wife and 1 child

    Information on Royal West India Rangers

    Raised 25th October 1806.
    Disbanded late June 1819.

    Guadeloupe 1810
    Guadeloupe 1815 (The island supported Napoleon on his return from Elba)

    The Royal West India Rangers were formed from European soldiers drafted in from the Royal Africa Corp in 1806. Later convicts were recruited from British prisons as well as French prisoners of war who wanted to escape imprisonment.

    The regiment was mainly used for garrison duties in St. Kitts, Antigua and Barbados and it also saw action in two invasions of the French island of Guadeloupe (1810 and 1815).

    The regiment suffered from high instances of desertion, probably due to the fact it was permanently stationed in the Caribbean. These desertions were not only due to the nature of the men recruited, but from the feeling the men had that there was no escape from this form of "imprisonment" and disease. Records show that regular regiments also suffered a high numbers of "runaways" if they spent to long stationed in the area.

    The regiment left St. Kitts in 1819 for St. John, New Brunswick, Canada where it was disbanded in June of the same year.

    The uniform of the regiment was basically the same as the British 60th Foot:
    Jacket - Green with red collar, shoulder straps and cuffs.
    Buttons - White metal in three rows of six and two for the shoulder straps.
    Pantaloons - Dark blue.
    Officers Dolman - Green with scarlet collar and cuffs and trimmed with three rows of gilt buttons.
    Shako - Black stovepipe with a brass bugle badge with the letters R.W.I.R.
    Accoutrements - Black.


    Bounty for Raising Bread Corn on New Lands
    1817 - 1821

    Thanks to Norm DeMerchant

    Carleton County Home Page

    A special thanks to Frederick C. Burnett for providing this document for transcription.

    For furthur details about the number of Bushels of Wheat, Rye, Indian Corn, Buck Wheat, Barley, Oats grown at the price of one shilling, 8 pence, 4 pence and the total amounts contact Norm at E Mail.

    Schedule of Persons entitled to the Bounty for raising Bread Corn on New Lands in the County of York in the years 1817, 1818, 1819, 1820 & 1821 under an Act of the General Assembly entitled "An Act to encorage the raising of Bread-Corn on new lands." and the Act in amendment explanation and continuation thereof.

    "Partial List"
    Names Year Raised
    Bowmaster,Henry 1821
    Everett,William 1821
    Everett,John 1821
    Watson,John 1820,1821

    Amounting to the sum of One Thousand One Hundred and ninety seven
    pounds, twelve shillings.

    I certify that the foregoing is a correct schedule of persons
    entitled to the Bounty for raising Bread Corn on new land in
    the County of York. That proof as required by law has been
    duly made by the ?????? applicants before the court and that
    the Provision of the Act under which this Schedule is framed;
    which requires the several clamiants for the bounty to make oath
    that the quantities of grain herin stated are of the first
    and only crop raised on the land for which the Bounty
    is claimed;has been fully complied with:

    Given under the seal of the Court of General Sessions of the Peace
    for the county of York: dated the fifteenth day of June in the third
    year of His Majesty's Reign A.D. 1822

    Date: 04/2/00 10:43:12 PM
    Name: Frank Goodwill



    The service records of the members of the British West Indies Regiment were destroyed during a German air raid in 1940. The repository in Hayes suffered extensive damage with most of the British Army personel records being either burnt or water damaged. The PRO are in the process of copying the surviving records. As I have already mentioned the BWIR records did not survive.


    Marriage 1 Helen BROWN b: 1801 in Ireland
      1. Has No Children ? WATSON b: BEF. 1819
      2. Has Children Robert Patrick WATSON b: BEF. 27 JUL 1820 in Ranger Settlement, NB Ca.
      3. Has Children Eliza WATSON b: 15 OCT 1822 in Ranger Settlement, New Brunswick, Canada
      4. Has Children Maria\Mary Ann WATSON b: BET. 1826 - 1828
      5. Has No Children John J. WATSON b: ABT. 1827 in Ranger Settlement, New Brunswick, Canada
      6. Has No Children Alfred WATSON b: BET. 1829 - 1830
      7. Has Children Peter WATSON b: 25 OCT 1831 in Ranger Settlement, New Brunswick, Canada
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