Name: Edmund Rice , The Immigrant
Birth: 1594 in poss. Sudbury, England
Death: 3 MAY 1663 in Marlboro, Mass. 1
Burial: Sudbury, Mass (Now Wayland)
from Edmund Rice Assoc web-page Oct 2000:
Who was Edmund Rice?
Edmund Rice arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony about 1638. Our first record of his presence is in Township Book of the Town of Sudbury in the year 1639. Regrettably, no ship's passenger list has survived and we have no record of Edmund Rice and his family before 1639 so we can not be certain when or where he and his family arrived in the New World.
Knowing the names of Edmund Rice's children at Sudbury, family historians have traced his family back to England using church baptismal records for his children and, eventually, to his marriage to Thomasine Frost on 15 October 1618 at Bury St. Edmunds. However, we have found no record of his baptism or any other record that names his parents. Read more about the search for Edmund Rice's ancestry on another of these page
As yeomen farmers Edmund Rice and the other early settlers at Sudbury were well prepared for the tasks of forming and governing a new community. As yeomen they had assumed with both personal and community responsibilities back in England. As Protestant churchmen they had been encouraged to read and write so that they could study and understand their Bible. Although not of the noble class, they had shared many community and church responsibilities in their former communities in England.
Edmund Rice was one of the prominent leaders of his community at both Sudbury and Marlborough. In his Pulitzer Prize winning book, Puritan Village, The formation of a New England Town, Sumner Chilton Powell sums up the high regard that his fellow citizens had for Edmund: "Not only did Rice become the largest individual landholder in Sudbury, but he represented his new town in the Massachusetts legislature for five years and devoted at least eleven of his last fifteen years to serving as selectman and judge of small causes." and "Two generations of Sudbury men selected Edmund Rice repeatedly as one of their leaders, with the full realization that they were ignoring men of far more English government experience who had come with him." If your ancestry goes back to Sudbury, be sure to read Powell's superb account of the development of this New England town in the mid 17th century.
Although much respected by his fellow townsmen, Edmund seems to have had an independent side to his nature. In 1656 Edmund Rice and others petitioned the Massachusetts General Court for a new town which became the City of Marlborough. Edmund moved his immediate family and was elected a Selectman at Marlborough in 1657. Later generations of Rices were founding members of many new communities, first in New England and Nova Scotia, and later across the United States and Canada.
Like many early New England families, Edmund Rice's family was a very large one. Of his twelve children, ten survived to have children of their own. Edmund Rice's descendants through his great great grandchildren number nearly 1,450. This pattern of large families seems to have continued well into the 19th century. The result is that many living people can trace their ancestry to Edmund Rice.
His birth date and parentage are unproven. This program shows just one of many that have found their way into print, by going to Thomas Rice born about 1575.
The Rice families` emigrant ancestor. Deacon. also called "Goodman Rice" and "the Pilgrim". One of founders of Sudbury and Marlborough, Mass. Selectman and Representative to the General Assembly. Much is written about this man and his sons:
Puritan Village by Sumner Chilton Powell, Wesleyan Univ. Press, 1963
About the formation of a New England Town (Sudbury, Ma.) with the conflicting system (of English Villages depending upon the origin) of its inhabitants.
Winner of The Pulitzer Prize for History.
The Rice Family by Andrew Henshaw Ward, A.M., orig printing Boston 1858,
reprinted by Edmund Rice (1638) Association, Inc.
Genealogy of most of the first eight generation
More about Those Rices by Elsie Rice Hawes - Pub by E Rice (1638) Assn Inc
The Pilgrim Village Evolves by Helen Fitch Emery - Published by the Wayland Historical Commission, 1981
History of Ashburnham (Mass) -Stearns 1880`s
On the Beaten Path, History of Westborough, Mass., by Kristina Nilson Allen, Pub. by Westborough Civic Club: Westborough Historical Soc., c1984
"The Deacons" by "cousin" Corinne McLaughlin Snow - fictional account of the first three generation of American Rices.
"By The Name of Rice" by Charles Elmer Rice, 1911 Williams Printing Co. Williams, Ohio reprints available at Higginson Book Company Derby Square Salem Mass. 01970
We Follow the Wilderness, Rev Clayton Rice;
The Register, more Rice genealogy to the 1930`s;
and more... contact (as of 1997) : Edmund Rice (1638) Association, Inc; c/o William H. Drury - 24 Buckman Drive - Chelmsford, Ma. 01824
following from Three Hundred Colonial Ancestors and War Service by Elizabeth M. Leach Rixford the following "explanation: of the causes of early English colonization:
Emigration to New England in the seventeenth century is to be attributed to the discomfort experienced by the English Puritans in their native land, rather than to any attractiveness in this transatlantic wilderness.
Moreover, emigration to the New World was not merely exile from a land they were reluctant to leave: it was exposure to suffering by cold and hunger, to peril of death by shipwreck, by wild beasts, and by treacherous savages.
If the settlement of New England had been the result of mere adventure, its history, would have had so little connection with that of the mother-country, that its relation might properly commence with the first arrival of colonists; but actually there is such a continuity of history between the emigration and the influences which led to it as requires the historian of a New England colony to discourse of England more than the mere title of his work would seem to justify. To relate the history of New Haven, therefore, one must go back to an earlier date than its actual settlement.
The contest between arbitrary and constitutional government, which had never ceased in England after King John signed the "Magna Charta," raged with unusual violence while the throne was occupied by the Stuarts. The reign of the Tudors had been a period of comparative rest; the Wars of the Roses having so weakened the great barons, who in earlier times made and deposed kings at their pleasure, and the introduction of artillery having so strengthened the monarch against an enemy destitute of these engines of destruction, that, from Henry the Seventh to Elizabeth, there was but faint resistance to the will of the sovereign, by the hereditary lords who sat in the upper house of Parliament.
But the time of the Stuarts was less favorable than that of the Tudors for maintaining a theory and practice of government which contravened the rights of the subject. Formerly the great barons had come to Parliament followed by hundreds of archers and spearmen, ready to back their lords in any contest which might occur; but the barons only, and not their retainers, had presumed to put to question the conduct of the overlord.
Whatever resistance had been offered to arbitrary government during the reign of the Tudors, had proceeded, not chiefly, as in earlier times, from the House of Lords, but chiefly from the House of Commons, representing a power already great and constantly increasing.
This contest between the Stuarts and the English people, on account of its bearing on emigration to New England and the commencement of a new colony at New Haven, we shall briefly review.
The Puritan emigration from England, for which we are endeavoring to account, commenced while Charles was holding his third Parliament. Plymouth had, indeed, been settled before this time and before Charles came to the throne; but the Pilgrims who planted that colony had been already exiled from their native land for twelve years before they crossed the ocean.
Such was the condition of England which induced the Puritan emigrants to exile themselves from their native country, and encounter the perils of the sea and of the wilderness. Colonization produced by such causes peopled New England with a superior population. The colonists were, as a class, intelligent, moral, religious, heroic. "God sifted a whole nation, that he might send choice grain over into this wilderness."
It was probably the conference between Laud and Davenport in reference to this complaint to which the prelate referred, when, in his report of the diocese of London for that part of the year 1633, which elapsed before his elevation to the primacy, he said, "One charge being, that he had forced Davenport to flee from his parish and from the country," he said in reply: "The truth is, my lords, and 'tis well known and to some of his best friends, that I preserved him once before, and my Lord Vere came, and gave me thanks for it."
following quotation on early population from:
GENEALOGICAL NOTES ON THE FOUNDING OF NEW ENGLAND
My Ancestors Part in that Undertaking
by ERNEST FLAGG
Originally Published Hartford, Connectiocut, 1926
Clearfield Company, Inc. by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Baltimore, Maryland 1990, 1996
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
Flagg, Ernest, 1857-1947. Genealogical notes on the founding of New England. Reprint of the 1926 ed.
1. Flagg Family. 2. New England--Genealogy. 3. New England--History. I. Title.
CS71.F574 1973 929'.2'0974 72-10465 ISBN 0-8063-0533-9
THE SETTLERS AND THEIR ORIGIN
The "Great Puritan Exodus," as it is called, took place during the eleven years when Charles I ruled without a Parliament (1629-1640). Of the 26,000 inhabitants of New England at the end of 1640, all but about five hundred had come during those years. After 1640, the movement ceased almost as suddenly as it had begun, and was not renewed to any great extent until about 1790. After 1640, the Puritans became dominant at home and had, therefore, no further desire, nor reason to leave, while after the restoration there was such a revulsion of feeling that emigration was not renewed. For one hundred and fifty years from 1640, the people of New England continued to multiply almost entirely by natural increase and in remarkable seclusion from the rest of the world.(*) So slight, indeed, was the inflow of outsiders that for many years it is supposed those returning to England more than counterbalanced those coming from there.(+)
The great migration had been mainly from the southern and eastern counties of England, especially the latter, and with so little admixture of any but pure English blood that Savage, the highest authority on the subject, estimates that all other races combined, including Scotch, Irish and Welsh, did not furnish more than 2 per cent. of the white population of New England in 1640.
The settlers were drawn from the best grade of the yeoman and artisan classes of England; that is to say, from the sturdiest part of the English stock(+)(+), and it has been said, that in all history there cannot be found another instance of colonization of such magnitude effected so exclusively by picked and chosen men.
In its new environment the original stock multiplied rapidly, doubling about once in every twenty-eight years.??
(*)Practically the only emigration during that time was a small but steady inflow of mariners
and merchants, who located at the sea ports; and about 10,000 Scotch-Irish from the north of
Ireland who came between 1715 and 1740, and settled in the frontier towns of New Hampshire and
(+)Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of America, 3, p. 312.
"Of the 5000 original, male progenitors, heads of families who came to New England between
1620 and 1640, less than 50 or not 1% are known to have belonged to the upper gentry of England,
and less than 250 more, or not quite 5%, can be considered as from the minor mercantile or landed
No peers or sons of peers; no baronets or their sons, and but one knight (Saltonstall), and
no sons of knights were among the founders of New England.
There were, however, two daughters of a peer who came; the Lady Susan Humphrey and the Lady Arabella Johnson, both daughters of the Earl of Lincoln.
The population was remarkably homogeneous in blood, respectability and religion. It is true that the ministers, from their position and education and the small percentage of gentry, formed a class above the general level, but not so much so as to preclude the hope of entrance into it of a self-made man of the yeoman class; all of which tended to produce a democracy of excellent average worth.
Conditions were very different in the other colonies. In Virginia and South Carolina there were three distinct classes.
The governing element came from a higher class in England, on the whole, than the governing element in New England.
In Virginia in particular, the percentage of leading men who were scions of the upper gentry, London merchants, baronets and knights was quite large; but the yeoman and artisan classes who went to Virginia and Carolina were not of as good average as those who went to New England;
and, furthermore, a great number of scamps were deported to Virginia, so that in the South there was a wide difference between the upper and middle classes, and also between the middle class and the
"poor white trash" which formed the lowest class. (Bartlett.) "
"In 1650, the white population of New England was about 33,000; in 1678, about 60,000;
in 1706, about 120,000; in 1734, about 250,000; in 1762, about 500,000, and in 1790, about
1,000,000. (Bartlett.) "
other Rices in America:
Ancestral Heads of New England Families, page cc, RICE, ROISEAnother form of Rys, Welsh, to rush, a rushing, figuratively, a hero, abrave, impetuous man.
[*]EDMUND, known as deacon, b. Barkhamstead, county of Herts, Eng., 1594,settled in Sudbury, Mass., 1638, removed Marlboro, Mass., 1660.
JOHN, resident Boston, Mass., 1669.
JOHN, b. Eng. 1646, of Welsh descent, came to N.E. 1661; married Warwick,R.I., 1674.
JONATHAN, married Norwich, Conn., 1661.
MICHAEL, freeman, New London, Conn., 1663.
NATHANIEL, freeman New London, Conn., 1669.
NICHOLAS, resident Boston, Mass., 1672.
PHILIP, tailor, united with church, Boston, Mass., 1640.
RICHARD, at Cambridge, Mass., 1635, removed Concord, Mass., 1636.
+ROBERT, freeman Boston, Mass., 1634, removed New London, Conn., before1657 from Stratford, Conn.
SAMUEL, inhabitant New London, Conn., 1669.
TIMOTHY, freeman Concord, Mass., 1690
following from WorldConnect:
Ancestors of Craig Rice and related families
Entries: 29745 Updated: Wed Feb 4 08:59:11 2004 Contact: Craig Ri
"Twice in the 20th century nationally recognized research genealogists have attempted to determine the parents and ancestors of Edmund Rice. Mary Lovering Holman described the negative result of her search for records in the parishes near Stanstead and Sudbury, Suffolk County, England in "English Notes on Edmund Rice", The American Genealogist, Volume 10 (1933/34), pp. 133 - 137. Mrs Holman is considered by many to be one of the best research genealogists in the 20th century. In 1997 the Edmund Rice (1638) Association commissioned Dr. Joanna Martin, a nationally recognized research genealogist who lives in Hitcham, Suffolk, England, only a few miles from Stanstead and Sudbury, to search again for records of Edmund Rice's parents. Dr. Martin reported in 1999 that she found no record that identified Edmund's parents or ancestral line.
Several authors of published works and computer data sets have claimed names for Edmund Rice's parents. Regrettably they have not given sources that would assist in definitive genealogical research. For example, the Ancestral File and International Genealogical Index, two popular computer data sets widely distributed by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, offer parent candidates that include: Henry Rice and Margaret Baker, Henry Rice and Elizabeth Frost, Thomas Rice and Catherine Howard, and Thomas Rice and Elizabeth Frost.
From Mrs. Holman's paper we have an excellent record of one Henry Rice's marriage to Elizabeth Frost in November 1605 at Stanstead. Mrs. Holman also documents the baptism of Edmund's first child on 23 August 1619 at Stanstead. If this is the Henry Rice and Elizabeth Frost to which the LDS records refer, the LDS records must be erroneous. Our researchers have not been able to find records that support any Henry Rice and Elizabeth Frost, Henry Rice and Margaret Baker, Thomas Rice and Catherine Howard, or Thomas Rice and Elizabeth Frost as parents of Edmund Rice.
A scholarly investigation by Donald Lines Jacobus, considered by many as the dean of modern American genealogy, appeared in The American Genealogist, volume 11, (1936), pp. 14-21 and was reprinted in the fall of 1968 and the winter of 1998 issues of Newsletter of the Edmund Rice (1638) Association. Jacobus traced many of the false accounts to the book by Dr. Charles Elmer Rice entitled "By the Name of Rice", privately published by Dr. Rice at Alliance, Ohio in 1911.
Sudbury, England includes three parishes, two of which do not have complete records for the years near 1594, which is Edmund's most likely birth year. Edmund Rice deposed in a court document on 3 April 1656 that he was about 62 years old. Thus, if he were born in Sudbury his records have been lost and we may never know his origin.
In his address to the 1999 annual meeting of the Edmund Rice (1638) Association, Gary Boyd Roberts, Senior Researcher, New England Historic Genealogy Society, reviewed all of the genealogical sleuthing on Edmund's parentage. Mr. Roberts is well known for his research on royal lineage. He concluded that there was no evidence whatsoever that supports the published accounts of Edmund Rice's parents and no evidence that Edmund Rice was from a royal lineage.
The Edmund Rice (1638) Association is very interested in proving the ancestry of Edmund Rice. The association encourages anyone who can identify a primary source that names Edmund and his parents to identify that source. Records of a baptism, estate probate, or land transaction naming Edmund and his parents are the most likely records to contain that proof. Until someone can cite such a record, the association must state emphatically that Edmund Rice's parents and ancestry are not known and that Edmund Rice's descendants can not claim royal ancestry. He and Thomasine Frost resided in 1627 at Berkhamstead, Co of Hertfordshire."
~ GRANT of LANDS ~
Source Colonial Records by Franklin Rice Pub 1910
At a Meeting of the inhabitants of the Town, ordered by the General Court to be Called Marlborough, on September 20, 1660.
It is ordered that every person "yt" claims any interest in the Town of Marlborough, shall pay to all publicke charge, both for minister and allother town charges that have arisen about the plantation to this day from the beginning thereof, according to their proportion in ye rate now presented with said proportion due; every person to pay at or before the 10th of Novemeber next ensuing, or else loose all legal interest in the aforesaid plantation; that is to say, four pence an acre for each acre of their House Lotts to the Minister, and three pence for all the estate that hath been kept or bought to keep, being found in the town or about the town; and nine pence an acre for every acre of their House Lotts to town charges, till all the debts that are due from the town to them that have been employed by the town or the plantation thereof
Edmund Rice William Kerly
Thomas King Henry Kerly
Soloman Johnson John Howe
Richard Newton Christopher Banister
William Ward Jihn Johnson
Thomas Goodnow John Ruddocke
They proceeded, on the 26th of November to lay out thier house lots. Some persons had been in this plantation for three years and this was confirmation of the lands they had occupied. The following is a list of the lot owners and acrerage they now owned or where about to own.
Edmund Rice - 50 acres
William Ward - 50 acres
John Ruddocke - 50 acres
Thomas Goodnow - 32 acres
Joseph Rice - 22 acres
Samuel Rice - 21 acres
Christopher Banister - 16 acres
Thomas King - 39 1/2 acres
William Kerly - 30 acres
Soloman Johnson - 23 acres
John Johnson - 30 acres
Richard Newton - 30 acres
John Howe Sr. - 30 acres
John Howe Jr. - 16 acres
Henry Kerly - 19 1/2 acres
Richard Barnes - 16 acres
Thomas Rice - 35 acres
Joseph Holmes - 18 acres
Samuel Howe - 16 acres
Andrew Belcher - 20 acres
Obadiah Ward - 21 aces
Edward Rice - 35 acres
Richard Ward - 18 acres
John Woods Sr. - 30 acres
John Maynard - 23 acres
Peter King - 22 acres
Benjamin Rice - 24 acres
A Minister - 30 acres
PeterBent - 30 acres
John Bellows - 20 acres
Abrham Howe - 25 acres
Thomas Goodnow Jr. - 20 acres
John Rutter - 30 acres
John Barrett - 18 acres
John Rediat - 22 1/2 acres
A Black Smith - 30 acres
Henry Axtell - 15 acres
John Newton - 16 acres
End of List
The number of acres granted to the thirty eight parties mentioned, for house lots in the town amounted to 993 1/2.
Tomasine Frost b: ABT 1601
15 OCT 1618
in St.Mary's, Bury St.Edmunds, England 2
- Marie Rice b: BEF 23 AUG 1619 in Stanstead, Suffolk, England
- Henry Rice b: BEF 13 FEB 1620/21 in Stanstead, Suffolk, England
- Edward Rice b: BEF 20 OCT 1622 in Stanstead, Suffolk, England
- Thomas* Rice b: BEF 26 JAN 1625/26 in Stanstead, Suffolk, England
- Lydia Rice b: BEF 9 MAR 1627/28 in Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire, Eng.
- Matthew Rice b: BEF 28 FEB 1628/29 in St. Peter`s, Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire, Eng.
- Daniel Rice b: BEF 1 NOV 1632 in Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire, Eng.
- Samuel RIce b: BEF 12 NOV 1634 in Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire, Eng.
- Joseph Rice b: BEF 13 MAR 1637/38 in Berkhamstead, H., Eng.
- Benjamin Rice b: 31 MAY 1640 in Sudbury, Mass.
Mercy (Hurd) Brigham
1 MAR 1654/55
- Lydia Rice b: ABT 1657
- Ruth Rice b: 29 SEP 1659 in Marlboro, Mass.
- Title: Edmund Rice (1638) Association Newsletter Vol 73 No 1&2 Spring 1999 p18
- Edmund Rice (1638) Association The Rice Family-Ward His birth records not found as yet