Name: John WOOD
Given Name: John
Birth: 1590 in ,,,England
Death: Mar 1655 in Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island, USA
Burial: Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island, USA
Ancestral File #: 1THZ-40
Change Date: 23 Apr 2010 at 01:00:00
JOHN WOOD OF PORTSMOUTH And Some Clarifications About This Line Also includes NEW 4 Sep 03 article <JohnWood1.html> "Ancestry of John Wood "Mariner"
By Larry Crandall-Wood <LCW.html>
The purpose of this article is to publish new research on the Descendents of John Wood of Portsmouth and to point out a few misconceptions about this line. The very early colonial period in the Massachusetts Bay colony kept few records and what we know about those times are largely from the diaries of such persons as Governors John Winthrop, both father and son, William Bradford and a few legal documents such as wills and land deeds. The science of genealogy largely relies on "Primary Source Documents", such as legal and civil records and sadly for the period from the Mayflower landing on 11 November 1620 to about 1700 life was so hard for these pioneers that our genealogy need for records far exceeds the availability of authentic records. To piece together many of the family histories for this era much work has been done but also many false starts and wrong turns have been made. The Wood family of this time and place is a very typical example of some early information being distributed which is now known to be in error. Once information is issued it becomes very difficult to correct family genealogies, but perhaps what follows will help prevent future researchers from repeating past mistakes.
The WOOD surname is about thirteenth on the list of most popular English names, just after SMITH and JONES, consequently there were and still are, many unrelated family groups. I will only focus on one WOOD family here and try to show where facts have gotten confused.
It is of historical note that some parts of Rhode Island such as Little Compton in Newport County were still part of Massachusetts until as late as 1747. Because of this many of these early records are still to be found among Massachusetts document repositories. Many researchers have missed valuable documents by not searching in the right place and this situation probably contributes to the current confusion on this time and place.
John Wood of Portsmouth Rhode Island and his descendents are the subject of this discussion. John Wood of Portsmouth is also known as John Wood "The Mariner" because of work done by both Bertha Winifred Clark and Dorothy Wood Ewers, Ph.D. Ewers  was a most careful genealogist documenting all of her work very meticulously. This is very evident in her many, although rare, books and her additional contribution as editor of Bertha W. ClarksŁus definitive work on this Wood family. Bertha ClarkŁus work  was published posthumously by the efforts of Dr. Ewers, mostly because of their many years of close working relationships on this Wood family. I will refer to the Ewers and Clark conclusions in detail later in this article.
What we know about this John Wood follows:
John WOOD the Mariner was probably born about 1590-1600 in England, died Mar 1655 Portsmouth, RI  p. 16-17, parents unknown. Clark  p. 55 states "ŁRFrom these circumstances we judge that our Woods, who came to America from London, were of Gloucestershire before going to London, and from the Bristol area. In the parish records of the towns just north of Bristol, and not over twenty-five miles from that city, we found Wood often spelled as Whood". Clark  further surmises that John was related to a Richard Wood, husband of Ruth Brock, from Gloucester. I have found in Waters  p. 159-164 an Anthony Wood (London England, Mariner) who had a brother John Wood. AnthonyŁus wife was Martha Rainborowe (born 23 Sep 1589), related to the Maritime Rainborowe family, who also had dealings with the Winthrop expedition. These possible connections are a fertile subject for future research.
1st marriage was probably on 28 Jan 1610/11 at St SaviorŁus in Southwark Eng. to Margaret CARTER  p. 2 & 11 .
2nd marriage to Elizabeth (Possibly HALL)  p. 778. Clark  p. 6 says 1st wife Margaret may have died in the Long Island NY 1643 Maspeth Massacre .
Children of John Wood the Mariner and Margaret:
i ? Frederick WOOD (If he existed, he was not alive in 1655) Clark  p. 6 says he may have died in the 1643 Maspeth Massacre. 
ii George WOOD born about 1614-18, died 1664  p. 106 "due to witchcraft" m. at Saybrook CT in 1660 1st married Unknown 2nd married Ann,; who 2nd married Henry ROGERS  p. 16, after George died.
iii John WOOD Jr. born 1620 died 26 Aug 1704 "age 84"  1st married Unknown in England 2nd married Anna 3rd married Mary PEABODY born 1639 or 1641 died 24 Jan 1719 "age 78"  in Middletown RI, daughter of John PEABODY of Newport RI 
iv Thomas WOOD Col. (King PhillipŁus War British Service 1675-1676), born 1638, died 1703/4 Freeman of Portsmouth 1658 1st married Unk 2nd married Unk 3rd married Rebecca  p. 33-38
v William WOOD born about 1634  p. 41 died 1695/6 1st married Martha EARLE daughter of Ralph EARLE and Joan SAVAGE (WilliamŁus will was will dated 1689  p. 44). 2nd married Elizabeth, Widow of SMITH
vi Margaret WOOD born Unknown died 1693 married about 1649  p. 13 to Thomas MANCHESTER
vii Manchester WOOD born unknown married 1655 to Samuel JENNINGS, freeman  p. 230-231
viii Susannah WOOD  p. 778 born about 1622 married about 1647 to Samuel JENNEY  p. 13. Samuel died 23 Mar 1670.
Children of John WOOD and 2nd wife Elizabeth (Possibly HALL)
ix Susannah WOOD born about 1647 died 1684 married 1st Josiah ENGLAND 2nd married on 3 Dec 1677 Ephriam CARTER  p. 14-15. Clark  p. 15 believes that Josiah ENGLAND and Ephriam's 1st wife were killed in King Phillip's War (1675-1676).
x Elizabeth WOOD married about 1672  p. 16 to Isaac DOTY
Note: Many texts erroneously report Henry Wood who married Abigail Jenny as the son of John Wood the Mariner. Williams  p. 13 has Henry correctly reported as being Henry Alias Atwood of Middleborough (Plymouth).
Other things we know about John Wood the Mariner:
He was the Masters Mate, or possibly Captain, of the Ship "Bacheler" according to a letter written about 1636 by Governor John Winthrop  p. 2. This letter also mentions John WoodŁus sons Frederick and George by name. Winthrop placed a high degree of confidence in this family even though they had suffered from a previous ill fated voyage. In  p. 3 we find a 1637 letter transcript from Francis Kirby about John Wood, Masters Mate of the Ship "Hector"
John Wood had considerable dealings with land on or near New York (New Amsterdam). Clark  p. 4-7 details the reasons that she believes JohnŁus wife Margaret and son Frederick died in the NY Maspeth Massacre of 1643 . John also had considerable dealings with both Winthrop Governors and was favorably dealt with  p. 6.
Clark  p. 9 shows a letter transcript from John Wood to Mrs. Elizabeth Winthrop (probably the 2nd wife of Adam Winthrop). John takes considerable attention to explain and apologize on prices of goods, but mentions purchases he has made at her request.
In the N.E.H.G. Register  p. 60-61, there is a reference to an interesting petition by Jane Armitage of Lynn, to the Mass. Court. This petition was signed by a number of her fellow citizens including John Wood and Nicholas Browne, and is dated 26 Oct. 1643.
This particular John Wood "the Mariner" has often been confused with 2 other John Wood persons in the early 1600s in New England. It is quite certain that he was NOT the John Wood who arrived in the Hopewell in 1635, with William Wood and Elizabeth Wood, Clark  p. 1. Nor was he the John Wood who came with Mr. Hull in 1633  p. 1. Clark  makes the excellent point about how both of these are far to young to have had a son born in 1620.
Also confusing are the accounts in publications about John Wood Alias Atwood. These are also NOT our John Wood the Mariner as a very detailed explanation is provided by Williams . Williams  p. 138 defines John Wood Alias Atwood as the husband of Sarah Masterson and he having died in Plymouth MA between 22 Nov 1675 and 7 Mar 1675/6 (will and probate). Williams  takes a rather critical view of the sources for both John Wood Alias Atwood and the other John Atwood (who married Ann) and who died between 20 Oct 1643 and 5 June 1644 (will & probate).
Since John Alias AtwoodŁus 1675 will left his entire estate to "wife Sarah" in Plymouth we can safely conclude that this was not our "Mariner". And since John Wood the Mariner is alive and well, living in the Portsmouth area after the death of the second "Atwood" we must assume that they too were different persons. Clark  p. 9 offers:
John Wood was a member of the town council of Portsmouth, Jan. 10, 1648.
He was sued by John Richman for trespass on June 7, 1643, in Newport, RI and in the settlement of his estate in 1655, it mentions "Elizabeth Wood, the late wife of the deceased shall be sole executrix." Elizabeth Wood the widow is called mother-in-law (step-mother) to George Wood, the eldest son. Susanna and Elizabeth were "the young children" the widow was to bring up and were perhaps the only children by her.
On Mar. 17, 1655, the town council chose appraisers on his estate (he having died intestate) viz.: John Coggeshall, Thomas Cornell, Jr., James Babcock and William Hall. Inventory 130 pounds, viz.: Land 45 pounds, In widow hand 50 pounds, In Thomas WoodŁus hands 20 pounds, Goods and Cattle 15 pounds. The council disposed of estate as follows: To John Wood (Jr.), land in his present possession, he paying his sister Manchester 8 pounds. To Thomas Wood, the land that was his fatherŁus.
Apr. 1655, Being requested by the widow of John Wood(e), of Portsmouth, and the Wood(es) children, John Wood(s), Thomas and William, to take an inventory of his goods, the sons before named choose their mother, the late wife of their father John Wood, as administratrix. She hath given unto his daughter Manchester a "ewe gotte" and to his son (in-law) Samuel Jennings a "ewe kid." John is to have land in his possession. Thomas to have the 40 acres next to Robert SpinkesŁu land. William to have the lands and house. John, Thomas and William are each to give to their sister Manchester, a "ewe goote."
Of particular note is the daughter "Manchester". This is such an unusual name that we can very firmly connect Manchester Wood, her marriage to Samuel Jennings and also her connection to her father John Wood through the various documents of property transfer cited by Clark . Also of curious interest is that John Wood had a daughter "Susannah" by each of his wives. This is sorted out by Clarke  p. 14 "John Wood had a daughter Susanna by each of his wives. The younger Susanna was probably born at about the time the older one was married. We have shown from Hugh ParsonŁus promissory note that ElizabethŁus daughter Susannah had married Josiah England, son of William, before 17 May 1675 ŁX probably considerably before".
I believe that this firmly establishes the genealogy of John Wood the Mariner as being separate form the various John Wood/Atwood persons in the eastern Massachusetts area during the 1620 - 1655 time period. John Wood the Mariner had a son also named John who might be confused with other persons of the same name so I will endeavor to better establish his particular life.
John Wood, son of John Wood the Mariner, was also a mariner. We will refer to him here as John Wood Jr. John Wood Jr.Łus family lineage in brief follows:
John WOOD Jr. was born in 1620, in England and was also known as "John WOOD of Hempstead"  p. 110 died 26 Aug 1704, age 84 Middletown, RI . John left no will.
1st Marriage to Unknown, possibly Ann BOWBRIKE  in England 2nd married Anna 3rd married Mary PEABODY born 1639 or 1641 died 24 Jan 1719 "age 78"  in Middletown RI, daughter of John PEABODY of Newport RI 
Children of John WOOD Jr. and 1st Wife:
i Henry WOOD born before 1638  says about 1640, m. Hannah ii John WOOD "of OYSTER Bay" born about 1643  p. 109 iii Walter WOOD (probably but not certainly a son of John WOOD Jr.  p. 60) born about 1646, married Amy
Children of John WOOD Jr. and 2nd wife Anna: See also  p. 108-109 for suspicions of AnnaŁus parentage and history.
iv Jonathan WOOD "of Hempstead" b. 26 Aug 1658 m. Mercy BANBURY, brother of Edward BANBURY Jr., children of Edward and Mercy of Hempstead. Note: John Wood Jr. probably first married in England (wife unknown) and 2nd married Anna  and had a son Jonathon. There was a 1664 legal action in Flushing where Anna, wife of John WOOD of RI, is ordered to prevent further scandal and stop living with Thomas Stiles (she had been living with him for 2 years and she had 2 children with), and to return to her husband. Anna had placed Jonathon as an apprentice to John SMITH at the age of 4 (21 Aug 1662). It is unlikely even after the legal action that Anna stayed married to John. One possible outcome would have been for a divorce and then John married Mary PEABODY. Clark  p. 105 is very clear on this action and the move of Jonathan later to Hempstead, Long Island NY. The Clark article was formerly printed as "RHODE ISLAND WOODS ON LONG ISLAND", By Miss Bertha W. Clark, of Boston, Mass., Courtesy of THE AMERICAN GENEALOGIST, Whole Number 155, Volume 39 No. 3, July 1963.
Children of John Wood Jr. and 3rd wife Mary PEABODY:  p. 62-64
v John WOOD, Lieutenant in the Colonial Wars born 1664 died 22 Feb 1740 married Mary CHURCH born 1668  p. 62 died 1748 daughter of Joseph CHURCH and Mary TUCKER
vi Thomas WOOD Sr. born 1666 in Little Compton RI died 10 May 1729 married Content (Probably) THURSTON daughter of Edward THURSTON and Elizabeth MOTT  p. 64
vii William WOOD born 1675  p. 32, freeman of Newport in 1701, 1st married Amy CLARKE on 13 May 1709 2nd married Elizabeth TRIPP, daughter of James TRIPP and Lydia. Elizabeth was also widow of Richard MARSHALL, son of Richard MARSHALL Sr. and Mary WOOD
viii Henry WOOD born about. 1683 died 1758 married Content THURSTON (a different Content THURSTON than the one married to Thomas WOOD Sr. above) born 18 Aug 1691, daughter of Jonathon THURSTON and Sarah
ix Peleg WOOD born 1686; died 1747; married Rebecca COGGESHALL born 1695 died 3 Nov 1732, daughter of John COGGESHALL and Mary STANTON
x Margaret WOOD  born 1691 died 7 Dec 1750 aged 59 years  p. 33 
xi Hannah WOOD (perhaps), born 1690, although Clark  does not list her, maybe she is the "HW" listed in the Middletown "Wood Lot" cemetery with John and Mary .
Other things we know about John Wood Jr.: (primarily found in Clark  p. 17-33)
The Middletown "Wood Lot" cemetery , which was once part of Newport, and on a farm once owned by a descendant of William, son of John WOOD of Newport, is the burial ground where in 1912, a corresponding secretary of the Newport Historical Society found this inscription "John WOOD died in 1704, aged 84, and wife Mary."
John WOOD, freeman of Newport, RI, 1655. He is listed as on the Grand Jury, Mar. 11, 1661.
He was engaged in a factional struggle between Rhode Island and Connecticut, over Narragansett in 1663 - 1665, along with Richard Smith, Thomas Gould and John Hicks. In the court proceedings that ensued, his surety was John Peperdy, or (Peabody) the father of his wife.
Feb. 28, 1670, deeded land in New Jersey to Giles Slocum.
On jury panel at Newport, June 7, 1671.
Deputy to the General Assembly, Newport, 1673, 1674, 1675, 1689 and 1690.
On Oct. 10, 1674, the town council of Portsmouth voted to allow John WOOD, a weaver, and his family "to stop in Portsmouth for one year." It is probable that he located in Portsmouth for one year, for business reasons, as he was Deputy of Newport at that time, and possibly he did not take up residence in Portsmouth, though he contemplated it.
He bought land in Sakonett (Little Compton) in 1677 and again in 1683.
On Nov. 14, 1695, he deeded two lots of 50 acres each, with housing, etc., in Little Compton, to his son Thomas, the deed being witnessed by another John Wood, probably the John Wood who married Mary Church. The deed was acknowledged by John of Newport and his "now wife" Mary, June 23, 1699 and recorded Oct. 23, 1702. (Note: This agrees with the problem of John Wood Jr. possibly divorcing Anna and then marrying Mary Peabody.)
15 Jan 1669  p. 17 An account concerning the ship "Peregrine" including references to John WOOD by Gov. WINTHROP. Since this is after John WOOD Sr.Łus decease it is attributed to John WOOD Jr.
Clark  p. 18 - 22 shows John WOOD Jr. as a rather scoundrel person during his younger years.
Concluding the John Wood controversy I can move on to some new information on this family line. The descendents of John Wood Jr. are named above, but the line of current interest is that of Thomas Wood Sr. born 1666 in Little Compton RI, died 10 May 1729  in Little Compton RI, Marriage: in 1690 to Content (probably THURSTON) born 1667, died before 1729  p. 65, daughter of Edward THURSTON and Elizabeth MOTT  p. 64, daughter of Adam MOTT and Elizabeth CREEL
I do not want to trace the entire decendency from Thomas Wood Sr., but focus on one specific line:
Thomas Wood Sr., William Wood (glazier), Zerviah Wood Sr., Elihu Wood Sr., Isaiah Wood Sr., Thomas Haskell Wood "of Toledo Ohio"
I will take each of these people and briefly illustrate their history.
William Wood (glazier) Born 7 Feb 1700 died about June 1778 1st marriage 16 Jul 1719 to Hannah SHAW b. 7 Mar 1699 Little Compton, RI died 22 Dec 1734 Little Compton, RI daughter of Israel SHAW (son of Anthony SHAW and Alice STONARD, daughter of John STONARD) and UNKNOWN (Possibly Ruth) TALLMAN (daughter of Peter TALLMAN born 1622 died 1708 and Joan BRIGGS) This would make Hannah a sister to the Anthony SHAW who married Rebecca WOOD born 17 Apr 1696, daughter of Thomas Wood Sr. and Content.  p. 66 and  p. 38 and 53
Other information about William Wood glazier:
William WOOD, who bought the south Ła of Thomas TABERŁus homestead from his son Philip TABER circa 1740 (at times erroneously reported as 1700), died about June 1778. In the will  William requests that his sons John WOOD and Zerviah WOOD maintain the burial ground on his property. The codicil  is quoted in a local history discussion of the burial ground, which is the disputed final resting place of Pilgrim John COOKE (thereŁus a monument there today to that effect).
William WOOD bought Oxford Point from Philip TABER about 1740, and built a house there, now 191 Main Street, later the home of Joseph BATES founder of the Seventh Day Adventist Church. This house today has a historical plaque on it to this effect.  In 1760 William WOOD sold six acres of the Point (all but the portion where he had his whaling industry try works) to Elnathan ELDRIDGE, who subdivided the Point into house lots to develop a seafaring village built around a large wharf with storehouses partly owned by John MCPHERSON (married to Sarah TABER).
William was a glazier from Little Compton, RI, and removed to Fairhaven, then a part of Dartmouth. It appears that he also had interests in Dutchess County, N.Y., where we find William WOOD of Dartmouth, a glazier, for and in consideration of 260 pounds old tenor, conveys to Abraham WING, of Oblong, in the county of Dutchess, Province of New York, 180 acres of land on or near what has been generally called Quaker Hill. 
William WOODŁus will , recorded at Taunton Probate Office, mentions his wife Patience, sons John, Zerviah, and daughters Zilpha WEST, Rebecca ELDRIDGE, Hannah MENDALL, Anstis WING, Content WING and Drusilla HOWLAND (deceased), and granddaughter Mary ALLEN. By 1778, when the codicil was written Zilpha and John had died.
191 Main St. Fairhaven MA The home of Genevieve and Hugh Darden. GenevieveŁus ancestor, Ann Dillingham Hathaway bought the house in 1835 to make a home for her daughter, Ann Hathaway BURGESS whose husband, Paul Cook BURGESS, was lost at sea while whaling in the South Pacific in 1831.
This house was built by William WOOD in 1742 and bears a plaque attesting to that. Apparently WilliamŁus son Zerviah inherited the house and owned it for a few years after William died.
In 1888  The "Burying Hill" referred to in William WoodŁus 1773 will  was transferred to the Fairhaven Improvement Association. Apparently WilliamŁus heirs decided that after 100 years they were tired of cutting the grass.
Zerviah Wood Sr. Executor of his father William WoodŁus will. Also known as Zeruiah, however transcriptions often confuse the two spelling variations. Zerviah seems to be a male version of the bibilical Zeruiah, however, written transcriptions often confuse the 2 spellings. There is no Zerviah in the Bible, but rather Zeruiah listed in 1 Chronicles 2:16 (among many bible references) "Their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. Zeruiah's three sons were Abishai, Joab and Asahel." Both spellings are found in other family genealogies (i.e. ALLEN, CHURCH, NYE, WEST), but these are invariably females. I do not know of any other male person of either spelling. He was born 8 Jan 1731 in Massachusetts  p. 53. Died About 6 May 1817 when his will was probated . Marriage intention announced 5 Aug 1750  to Rhoda ELDRIDGE, she died 15 May 1799 daughter of Elnathan ELDRIDGE. Note the land deals listed above between Elnathan ELDRIDGE and ZerviahŁus father William.
Zerviah Wood Sr. figures very prominently in his fatherŁus will . ZerviahŁus brother John died between 1773 (WilliamsŁu original Will date) and 1778 (WilliamŁus codicil date), apparently making the codicil necessary. In 1778 William, wife Patience, Sarah (widow of John) and all of SarahŁus 8 children were living with ZerviahŁus family. To compensate Zerviah for this benevolence William leaves "extra compensation" in his will codicil. Zerviah must have been a very family oriented person to have taken all of these people in, considering his youngest, Zerviah Jr., born 21 Mar 1772 was only 6 years old in 1778. He was apparently a Quaker and most likely buried in the old Quaker Burying Ground in Fairhaven MA. Sadly, this burying ground did not contain proper records or markers and was later covered over by the city with additional fill dirt to make maintenance easier. This makes any identification of burial locations for these Quakers impossible.
During the Revolutionary War the British reportedly burned the house of Zerviah WOOD, probably at or near 110 Adams Street. A history of New Bedford with a detailed report of the raid states that afterward a one-story house was built on the original foundation, after which another story was added, and then another addition. This book also states that the house was still in the WOOD family at that time (late 1800s). An 1855 map of Fairhaven shows two WOOD houses at this location, so it must be one or the other. The more Northerly of the two houses lists the owner of the house as "J. WOOD" and the owner of the next house just to the South (both on the West side of Adams) as "D. WOOD." Both houses are about where Linden Street comes into Adams now. A possibility is that the property passed from Zerviah to Elihu to David/John WOOD.
Zerviah reportedly served in the Revolution for Dartmouth although there is no record of any specific service or pension. Since many people served in unofficial capacities this remains a distinct possibility.
Elihu Wood Sr.  Revolutionary War Vet  p. 129 . Born about 1760 in Massachusetts. Died after 26 Sept 1825 (when his will was recorded) and before 1837 (when the will was probated)
Married 1 April 1784  to Lydia CUSHMAN, who was baptized 1762 at 1st Cong. Church in Fairhaven and died before Oct 1778. Daughter of Seth CUSHMAN, (born 1734) and Abiah ALLEN  p. 159
Other information about Elihu Wood:
ElihuŁus Will  transcribed and reported here by Richard W. Griffith, CG: Elihu Wood, yeoman, on 26 Sept 1825, wills that all debts and estate settlement charges be paid by his son David WOOD. To his son David WOOD he gives a lot of land bought of Jonathan TABER, also uplands and salt marsh that "I hold by deed from my father and which I have not already disposed of by deed", with the buildings thereon standing. To his three sons Isaiah, Lemuel and Elihu he gives "a lot which I bought of Humphrey DAVIS and also my share or right in the Bedford Bridge." To his daughter Lydia CAREY, he gives one half of the household furniture. To his three daughters, Hannah TABER, Bethiah TABER and Rhoda WOOD, he gives the other half of the household furniture to be divided equally between them. He gives to his son David WOOD the remainder of all property and names his son David as executor. Witnesses were Zerviah WOOD, John TABER and John WOOD. David WOOD was appointed as the executor of the will on 18 Dec 1837 (Vol. 78 p. 314).
Elihu Wood Sr.Łus son Lemuel C. WOOD was a Captain (Master) and owner of many merchant ships listed in "The New Bedford Ship Registers". Ship numbers were 783, 784, 1284, 1582, 1583, 1584, 1585, 1586, 1587, 1588, 1674. Ship names included "DRYMO" "ISABELLA". He owned these ships in partnership with too many people to list, but partners included Bartholomew TABER, Henry TABER, John S. TABER, Joseph B. TABER, Edward M. HOWLAND and John M. HOWLAND. The 1850 federal census ŁX Lemuel was a Mariner with an estate value of $6,000. 1860 federal census ŁXLemuel was a mariner with a value of $8,500 and married to Julia.
Elihu Wood Sr.Łus son Elihu WOOD, Jr. was a Captain (Master) and owner of many merchant ships listed in "The New Bedford Ship Registers". Ship numbers were 605, 885 "EMELINE" (wholly owned by Elihu), 2274, 3218. In 1841 "EMELINE" sailed out of New Bedford and on 4 July 1843 ElihuŁus longboat was stove by a whale. Captain Elihu Wood died from exhaustion before help reached them  . He owned these ships in partnership with too many people to list, but partners included Daniel WOOD, James H. HOWLAND and William T. GRINNELL. 1850 census ŁX Also living with Elihu Jr. and Sarah was Caroline JENNY born 1832 and Rebecca SPOONER born 1762. In the 1860 census Rodolphus was the only child still living at home.
Isaiah Wood Sr. Born: 1784 in Massachusetts. Died 1834 Buried in Woodside Cemetery , Nicholas Taber plot. Cemetery stone lists, from left to right: Isaiah, Harriet, Nicholas TABER, Rebecca, Desiree. All are on one common granite base.
Married: 18 May 1806 to Harriet TABER born 1790, died 1838, Daughter of Nicholas TABER and his 2nd wife Rebecca MARSHALL, daughter of John MARSHALL 
Thomas Haskell Wood "of Toledo Ohio"
Born 18 March 1809 in New Bedford Massachusetts  Died 4 February 1890 (Age 80 10 Months, 16 Days) in Toledo Ohio  Married 14 May 1845 to Mary Amanda DEMAREST (Age 14) born 1 Jun 1831 in NY City died 7 Feb 1897 in Toledo OH , married in La Fayette (Plaquemine, Iberville Parish) Louisiana. Married by a Baptist Preacher in LA - No direct record  
According to the New Bedford Whaling Crew listing, on 7 August 1824 a Thomas WOOD signed on the whaling ship "Stanton" out of New Bedford as crew. He was listed as age 16 from Fairhaven. Height 4Łu 10" dark or black hair. The ship returned April 1827. If this was Thomas Haskell WOOD remains to be confirmed, but the facts are a very close match.
After ThomasŁu marriage in 1845 his life can be traced by both federal census records and birth records available in the family bible  and verified by civil birth records, where available. 3 Children were bon in Louisiana, then beginning in 1851 6 more children were born in Huntington Virginia (now West Virginia, but this was before the Civil War). Next in 1862 through 1872 8 more children were born in Toledo Ohio. This makes for a total of 16 children traced across the country from Louisiana to Ohio.
At the time of the 1880 census, Thomas lived at 170 South St Toledo OH and his son Frank boarded there. Thomas was a coach builder (carpenter) and Frank was a laborer.
In 1883 Thomas Wood "Nephew of Toledo OH" was mentioned in Desiree TaberŁus Bristol Co Massachusetts will.  Desire Taber born Dec 1797/Jan 1798 died 31 Mar 1883 was a daughter of Nicholas Taber and therefore a sister of ThomasŁu mother Harriet Taber-Wood. Desiree is buried in the Nicholas Taber plot  right next to Isaiah Wood and his wife Harriett.
Thomas was living at 414 South St Toledo OH at the time of his death. 
Richard W. Griffith,  deserves full credit for establishing the parentage of Thomas Haskell Wood. The full report on his research is available for review. Mr. Griffith researched Land Deeds and Elihu WoodŁus last will and testament to finally conclude the family relationship. The resulting conclusions leave no doubt that Isaiah Wood and Harriet Taber, daughter of Nicholas Taber, are the parents of Thomas Haskell WOOD.
The following people added significantly to this effort and I gratefully acknowledge their contribution:
Buttonwood Community Library, New Bedford MA Mary Maureen Campbell-Wood - Co Editor Michael Dyer - New Bedford Whaling Museum Anne Mabille ŁX Resident of Buffalo NY Mystic Seaport Library, Mystic CT Richard W. Griffith, Certified Genealogist, Wareham, MA Laura Pereira ŁX New Bedford Whaling Museum Dan Taber ŁX Resident of Minneapolis MN Douglas Crandall WOOD - Resident of Olathe KS
EWERS, Dorothy Wood (1976) "John WOOD the Mariner" 5 Volumes
CLARK, Bertha W. (1966) "John Wood of Rhode Island and His Early Descendants on the Mainland"
WATERS, Henry F. (1907) "GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND" Volume I
1620 Marriage record from St Saviours, London, England
WILBOUR, Benjamin Franklin (1967) "Little Compton Families"
"Maspeth, Oldest Deed on Long Island" History of Maspeth, Maspeth NY Public Library
Middletown RI Historical Cemetery #46 Records (also known as the "Wood Lot") Middletown RI at 151 Fayal Lane
John PeabodyŁus Will written 22 Mar 1687.
AustinŁus Genealogical Dictionary
WILLIAMS, Alica Crane (1998) "Henry Wood Alias Atwood of Middleborough, Massachusetts" Published in The Mayflower Descendant Vol. 48 No. 1 January 1998.
N.E.H.G. Register, Vol. 33
WILLIAMS, Alica Crane (1994) "John Wood Alias Atwood of Plymouth, Massachusetts" Published in The Mayflower Descendant Vol. 44 No. 2 July 1994.
29 June 1640 Marriage record from St Saviours, London, England of a John Wood to Ann Bowbrike.
EWERS, Dorothy Wood (1976) "Little Compton Woods, Fourth and Fifth Generations of Wood Descendents in Little Compton, Rhode Island"
EWERS, Dorothy Wood (1976) "196 GrandparentsŁR"
Thomas WOOD Sr.Łus will dated 22 Aug 1728, proved 20 May 1729
William WoodŁus Will dated May 14, 1773, Codicil to the will dated 14 Jan. 1778, proved 6 July 1778
Fairhaven MA Historical building records
Dutchess Co NY Land Deeds
20 Sep 1888 probate court order, Bristol Co MA
Zerviah WoodŁus 1 Aug 1796 Will probated on 6 May 1817.
Dartmouth Vital Records
WOOD, John Sumner "WOOD Family Index".
"Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution" Vol. 17, P. 732 - A compilation from the archives prepared and published by the Secretary of the Commonwealth in accordance with Chapter 100, Resolves of 1891 Boston: Wright & Potter Printing Co., State Printers 18 Post Office Square ŁX 1908. "Wood, Elihu. Private, Capt. Henry JenneŁus (b. about 1746) Co. Col. John HathawayŁus 2nd Bristol Co. 2 Aug 1780 - 8 Aug 1780, 6 days at Rhode Island on an alarm. Roll certified at Dartmouth."
CUSHMAN, Joseph Augustine (1964) "The First Seven Generations of the CUSHMAN Family in New England"
Elihu WoodŁus Will Vol. 78 p. 312-313, Bristol Co Probate Records
Starbuck "History of the Whale Fishery"
Account transcript from 3 Oct 1843 "New Bedford WhalemanŁus Shipping List and MerchantŁus Transcript"
Woodside Cemetery Fairhaven MA Tombstone records
Research provided by Richard W. Griffith, Certified Genealogist, Wareham, MA
Louisa WOODŁus Bible, in the possession of Larry Alan WOOD
Federal Census Records 1850-1890
Buried in Forest Cemetery Toledo Ohio, Section P Lot 80 (Large "WOOD" Monument facing Birch St.)
Birth Certificate / Baptism Certificate of daughter Jane Ann WOOD born 13 Aug 1846
Desiree Taber's Bristol Co MA will dated 14 April 1883
Copyright 2002, Larry Crandall-Wood. For further information, contact Larry Crandall-Wood <LCW.html>
Father: Henry WOOD b: 1560 in St. James, Clerkenwell, England
Mother: Margaret DYNNES
Margaret CARTER b: in , , England
in St. Savior's, Southwark, England
- Frederick WOOD b: EST 1616 in ,,,England
- George WOOD b: ABT 1618 in <Weymouth, Norfolk, Ma>
- John WOOD , Jr. b: 1620 in Weymouth, Norfolk, Ma
- Susanna WOOD b: 1622 in of Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island, USA
- William WOOD b: 1634 in of Dartmouth, Bristol, Ma
- Margaret WOOD b: 1634/1642 in of, Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island, USA
- Thomas WOOD b: 1638 in Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island, USA
- Manchester WOOD
- Susannah WOOD b: 1647
- Elizabeth WOOD